ARTICLE 10. APPORTIONMENT OF THE LEGISLATURE.

SECTION 1. Reapportionment of senatorial and representative districts.

(a) At its regular session in 1989, the legislature shall by law reapportion the state representative
districts, the state senatorial districts or both the state representative and senatorial districts upon the
basis of the latest census of the inhabitants of the state taken by authority of chapter 61 of the 1987
Session Laws of Kansas. At its regular session in 1992, and at its regular session every tenth year
thereafter, the legislature shall by law reapportion the state senatorial districts and representative districts
on the basis of the population of the state as established by the most recent census of population taken
and published by the United States bureau of the census. Senatorial and representative districts shall be
reapportioned upon the basis of the population of the state adjusted: (1) To exclude nonresident military
personnel stationed within the state and nonresident students attending colleges and universities within
the state, and (2) to include military personnel stationed within the state who are residents of the state
and students attending colleges and universities within the state who are residents of the state in the
district of their permanent residence. Bills reapportioning legislative districts shall be published in the
Kansas register immediately upon final passage and shall be effective for the next following election of
legislators and thereafter until again reapportioned.

(b) Within 15 days after the publication of an act reapportioning the legislative districts within the time
specified in (a), the attorney general shall petition the supreme court of the state to determine the validity
thereof. The supreme court, within 30 days from the filing of the petition, shall enter its judgment. Should
the supreme court determine that the reapportionment statute is invalid, the legislature shall enact a
statute of reapportionment conforming to the judgment of the supreme court within 15 days.

(c) Upon enactment of a reapportionment to conform with a judgment under (b), the attorney general
shall apply to the supreme court of the state to determine the validity thereof. The supreme court, within
10 days from the filing of such application, shall enter its judgment. Should the supreme court determine
that the reapportionment statute is invalid, the legislature shall again enact a statute reapportioning the
legislative districts in compliance with the direction of and conforming to the mandate of the supreme
court within 15 days after entry thereof.

(d) Whenever a petition or application is filed under this section, the supreme court, in accordance with
its rules, shall permit interested persons to present their views.

(e) A judgment of the supreme court of the state determining a reapportionment to be valid shall be
final until the legislative districts are again reapportioned in accordance herewith.

History: Adopted by convention, July 29, 1859; ratified by electors, Oct. 4, 1859; L. 1861, p. 61; L. 1974,
ch. 457, 1; L. 1988, ch. 405, Nov. 8, 1988.



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