Summary of Plan Characteristics
All Plans
Population and Minority Preservation of Contiguity and
Plan Name   Geography Basis   Deviation   Population *   district core   Split units   Compactness **   Notes
Congressional 1 Plan based on 7 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 22% 6 counties split, 5 Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
counties and VTDs population: 9.0% to of total population in the that are not split in the Roeck measure: for further consideration.
PDF 9.7% in the 3rd district. 2nd district current plan. min. 0.40 -- max. 0.51 Introduced as SB381 and
HTML Highest Hispanic 2 cities split due to non-       HB2696. Offered as
ZIP population: 10% in the contiguous parts (Lawrence       alternative to Sub. HB3012
            1st district.       and Overland Park).       during House debate.
McCleary Plan based on 289 people or 0.04% Highest Black Largest shift is 37.8% 4 counties split, none Plan is contiguous
counties and VTDs population:12.4% to of total population in the that are split in the Roeck measure:
PDF 13.4% in the 2nd district. 2nd district current plan. min. 0.42 -- max. 0.57
HTML Highest Hispanic 5 cities split along
ZIP population: 10.6% in county boundaries.
            the 1st district.                
Emert 1 Plan based on 103 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 27.6% 3 counties split, none Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
counties and VTDs population: 8.5% to of total population in the that are split in the Roeck measure: for further consideration.
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district current plan. min. 0.41 -- max. 0.46
HTML Highest Hispanic 4 cities split along
ZIP population: 10.4% in county boundaries.
in the 1st district.
                             
Plan 3a Plan based on 55 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 9.1% 3 counties split, 2 Plan is contiguous Withdrawn from
counties and VTDs population: 8.9% to of total population  in the that are not split in the Roeck measure: consideration by
PDF 9.5% in the 3rd district 2nd district current plan. min. 0.35 -- max. 0.50 proponents after July 12,
HTML Highest Hispanic 5 cities split. 3 cities 2001 Committee meeting.
ZIP population: 10.6% in along county boundaries.
the 1st district. Reserve (city of 3rd class.)
Lawrence split: 23,757-- 2nd
district and 56,341-- 3rd
                    district.        
Gardner Plan based on 50 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 10.4% 6 counties split, 4 Plan is contiguous
counties, VTDs, and population: 8.9% to of total population in the that are not split in the Roeck measure:
PDF Census blocks 9.5% in the 3rd district 2nd district current plan. min. 0.32 -- max. 0.43
HTML Highest Hispanic 2VTDs split (KC & Eudora)
ZIP population: 10.6% in 3 cities split: Parsons is
the 1st district. split along noncontiguous
boundaries of the city, Bonner
Springs split along
county boundaries; KC split:
6,488--2nd district and
140,378 -- 3rd district.
                             
Peabody Plan based on 32 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 10.4% 6 counties split, 4 Plan is contiguous
counties and VTDs population: 8.9% to of total population in the that are not split in the Roeck measure:
PDF 9.6% in the 3rd district 2nd district current plan. min. 0.34 -- max. 0.43
HTML Highest Hispanic 3 cities split: KCK: 3,101--2nd
ZIP population: 10.6% in district and 143,765 -- 3rd
the 1st district. district; Bonner Springs split along
county boundary; Parsons is
split along noncontiguous
boundaries of the city.
                             
Jones 7/12 Plan based on 287 people or 0.04% Highest Black Largest shift is 27.6% 4 counties split that are Plan is contiguous Withdrawn from
counties and VTDs population: 9.5% to of total population in the not split in the current plan. Roeck measure: consideration by
PDF 10.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district Louisburg is split along the min. 0.33 -- max. 0.47 proponent and replaced
HTML Highest Hispanic noncontiguous boundaries of by Jones 7-27.
ZIP population: 10.4% in the city.
the 1st district.
                             
Svaty Plan based on whole 12,514 people or 1.86% Highest Black Largest shift is 43.4% 4 cities split along Plan is contiguous
counties population: 9.4% to of total population in the  county boundary lines. Roeck measure:
PDF 10.0% in the 3rd district 1st district min. 0.12 -- max. 0.45
HTML Highest Hispanic
ZIP population: 8.9% in
            the 2nd district.                
Tomlinson A Plan based on 35 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 9.2% 4 counties split, 3 that are not Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
counties, VTDs, and population: 8.7% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: for further consideration.
PDF Census blocks 9.3% in the 3rd district. 2nd district 2 VTDs split: 1 each in min 0.32 -- max. 0.54
HTML Highest Hispanic Sumner and Nemaha Ctys.
ZIP population: 10.6% in 6 cities are split.  3 cities are
the 1st district. split on county boundaries; 2
cities are split on noncontiguous
parts; and Lawrence: 61,570--
2nd district and 18,528--3rd
district.
                             
Tomlinson B Plan based on 39 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 20.8% 3 counties split, 2 that are not Plan is contiguous
counties, VTDs, and population: 8.7% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure:
PDF Census blocks 9.3% in the 3rd district 2nd district 1 VTD split: Wabaunsee Cty. min 0.36 -- max. 0.57
HTML Highest Hispanic 3 cities split: Peabody as in
ZIP population: 10.4% in 1992 plan;  St. Marys split
the 1st district. on county boundaries;
Lawrence: 61,570 -- 2nd
district and 18,528 -- 3rd
district.
                             
H D Congressional 1 Plan based on 38 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 15.6% 6 counties split, 5 that are not Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
(Rep. Tom Klein) counties and VTDs population: 9.0% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: for further consideration.
9.7% in the 3rd district 2nd district 3 cities split, Holton, Lawrence, min. 0.36 -- max. 0.40
PDF Highest Hispanic and Overland Park due to non-
HTML population: 10.8% in contiguous parts.
ZIP the 1st district.
                             
Jones 7-27 Plan based on 73 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 30.1% 4 counties split, none that are Plan is contiguous
counties, VTDs, and population: 9.5% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure:
PDF Census blocks 10.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district 1 VTD split: North Marysville Town min. 0.38 -- max. 0.47
HTML Highest Hispanic   ship (non-contiguous parts).
ZIP population: 10.4% in Spring Hill split: 4 -- 2nd district
the 1st district. and 2,723 -- 3rd district due to non-
contiguous parts.
                             
OptionG Plan based on 21 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 21.1% 4 counties split, 3 that are not Plan is contiguous
(Senators Praeger counties, VTDs, and population: 8.3% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure:
and Oleen) Census blocks 9.0% in the 3rd district 2nd district 10 VTD's split-- Douglas Co.:E. & N. min. 0.32 -- max. 0.48
Highest Hispanic Wakrarusa; Kanwaka Township;
PDF population: 11.2% in Lawrence Ward 6 Precinct 1;
HTML the 1st district.  S. Eudora; Ottawa Co.:Fountain
ZIP Township; KCK--Ward 11, Precinct
14; Ward 13, Precinct 8, Ward 14,
Precincts 10 & 11.
10 cities are split:
   county line splits:
Bonner Springs: 6,767--#2; 1--#3
Lake Quivira: 49 -- #2, 883 -- #3
Spring Hill: 436 -- #2, 2,291 -- #3
Simpson: 114 -- #1, 0 -- #2
Sedgwick: 1,326 -- #1, 211 -- #4
Mulvane: 1,001 -- #1, 4,154 -- #4
   non-contiguous parts:
Eudora: 21 -- #2, 4,286 -- #3
Solomon: 1 -- #1, 1,071 -- #2
   splits:
Lawrence: 8 -- #2, 80,090 -- #3
KCK: 10,767 -- #2, 136,104 -- #3
                             
OptionH Plan based on 6 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 37.5% 3 counties split; 2 that are not split Plan is contiguous
(Senators Praeger counties, VTDs, and population: 8.3% to of total population in the in the current plan. Roeck measure:
and Oleen) Census blocks 9.0% in the 3rd district 1st district 8 VTD's split: Douglas Co.--N.E., N.W. min. 0.22 -- max. 0.49
Highest Hispanic & S. Baldwin; W. Wakarusa; Willow
PDF population: 9.4% in Springs Township; Harvey Co.-- Sedgwick
HTML the 4th district. Township; Darlington Township; Osage
ZIP  Co. -- Melvern Township.
1 city split: Lawrence: 79,980 -- #2
118 -- #3 (non-contiguous parts).
                             
OptionJ Plan based on 13 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 35.9% 3 counties split all are not split in Plan is contiguous
(Senators Praeger counties, VTDs, and population: 8.2% to of total population in the the current plan. Roeck measure:
and Oleen) Census blocks 8.8% in the 3rd district 1st district 6 VTD's split: Crawford Co.--Capaldo; min. 0.22 -- max. 0.55
Highest Hispanic Parkview; Harvey Co. --Sedgwick
PDF population: 9.4% in Township;  Osage Co. -- N. & S.
HTML the 4th district. Valleybrook; Superior Township.
ZIP 2 cities are split along county
boundaries. Sedgwick 0 --#1, 1, 537 -- #4;
Simpson 114 -- #1, 0 -- #2.
                             
Caucus 1 Plan based on 319 people or 0.05% Highest Black Largest shift is 9.1% 4 counties split, 3 that are not split in the Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
(R Caucus) counties, VTDs, and population: 8.9% to of total population in the current plan.  5 cities split -- Roeck measure: for further consideration.
Census blocks 9.5% in the 3rd district 2nd district. Lawrence:  23,962,  dist 2; min. 0.35 -- max. 0.49
PDF Highest Hispanic 56,136, dist 3;  Netawaka on Kickapoo
HTML population: 10.6% in Reservation bdy; St. Marys, Spring Hill, and
ZIP the 1st district. Willard on county bdys.
5 VTDs split near Kickapoo reservation
                    in JA Co.        
Caucus 2 Plan based on 5,307 people or 0.79% Highest Black Largest shift is 14.3% No counties are split. Plan is contiguous Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
(R Caucus) whole counties population: 8.5% to of total population in the Two cities, St. Marys and Willard, are Roeck measure: for further consideration.
9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. split on county bdys. min. 0.31 -- max. 0.44
PDF Highest Hispanic
HTML population: 10.7% in
ZIP the 1st district.
Caucus 3 Plan based on 67 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 16.7% 4 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous. Selected on Sept. 6, 2001
(R Caucus) counties, VTDs, and population: 8.5% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: for further consideration.
Census blocks 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. Three VTDs are split around the Kickapoo min. 0.31 -- max. 0.46
PDF Highest Hispanic Reservation bdy in JA Co.
HTML population: 10.7% in Netawaka is split on reservation bdy.
ZIP the 1st district. Clifton and Vining split on co. bdy.
                             
Caucus A Plan based on 84 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 37.5% 3 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.6% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.26 -- max. 0.44
HTML Highest Hispanic One city is split on a county bdy.
ZIP population: 11.8% in
the 1st district.
                             
Caucus B Plan based on 263 people or 0.04% Highest Black Largest shift is 10.1% 3 counties are split, one of which (DG) is Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.9% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.5% in the 3rd district 2nd district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.36 -- max. 0.49
HTML Highest Hispanic Three cities are split:  Lawrence: 56,136 in
ZIP population: 11.1% in 3rd District; and 23,962 in 2nd District.
the 1st district. Sedgwick and Spring Hill split along county
bdys.
                             
Caucus C Plan based on 49 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 15.3% 4 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.5% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.30 -- max. 0.49
HTML Highest Hispanic Five cities are split along co. bdys.
ZIP population: 11.2% in
the 1st district.
Caucus D Plan based on 33 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 15.3% 3 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.5% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.33 -- max. 0.48
HTML Highest Hispanic One city is split along co. bdys.
ZIP population: 11.1% in
the 1st district.
                             
Caucus E Plan based on 118 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 18.2% 5 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.6% to of total population in the split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district 2nd district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.26 -- max. 0.51
HTML Highest Hispanic Two cities are split along co. bdys.
ZIP population: 10.9% in
the 1st district.
                             
Caucus F Plan based on 95 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 19.9 % of 6 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.26 -- max. 0.51
HTML Highest Hispanic One city is split due to a non-contiguous
ZIP population: 11.0% in part.
the 1st district.
Caucus G Plan based on 103 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 19.9% of 5 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population:8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.26 -- max. 0.50
HTML Highest Hispanic Four cities are split: three along co. bdys.;
ZIP population: 11.0% in and one due to a non-contiguous part.
the 1st district.
                             
Caucus H Plan based on 106 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 17.9% of 4 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population:8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.26 -- max. 0.52
HTML Highest Hispanic Two cities are split: one due to a non-
ZIP population: 10.8% in contiguous part; and one along county
the 1st district. bdy.
                             
Caucus I Plan based on 106 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 17.9% of 4 counties are split, none of which are Plan is contiguous.
counties and VTDs. population:8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure: 
PDF 9.1% in the 3rd district district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.35 -- max. 0.52
HTML Highest Hispanic Two cities are split: one along co. bdys.;
ZIP population: 10.8% in and one due to a non-contiguous part.
the 1st district.
                             
Caucus J Plan based on 132 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 9.2% of 5 counties are split, 1 of which is Plan is contiguous. Introduced to 2002 legislature
(R Caucus) counties, VTDs, and   population:8.7% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  as SB 378 and HB 3012.
Census blocks 9.3% in the 3rd district district. 6 VTDs are split. min. 0.35 -- max. 0.47
PDF   Highest Hispanic   4 cities are split: 2 along co. bdys.;  
HTML population: 10.9% in   and 1 due to a non-contiguous part.  
ZIP the 1st district. Lawrence is split 49,949 in the 2nd dist.,
    and 30,149 in the 3rd dist.
 
Caucus J-Kingman Plan based on 119 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split, 1 of which, DG, is Plan is contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Rep. Boston) counties, VTDs, and   population:8.7% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
Census blocks 9.3% in the 3rd district district. 6 VTDs, all in DG Co., are split. min. 0.35 -- max. 0.47 January 29, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   4 cities are split: 2 along co. bdys.;   Presented to House Redistrict.
HTML population: 10.9% in   and 1 due to a non-contiguous part.   Committee March 12, 2002.
ZIP the 1st district. Lawrence is split 49,949 in the 2nd dist.,
    and 30,149 in the 3rd dist.
 
Kansas Day Plan based on 28 people or 0.00% Highest Black Largest shift is 19.7% of 6 counties are split, 1 of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Senate Republican Caucus) counties and VTDs.   population:8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
  9.1% in the 3rd district district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.30 -- max. 0.54 February 4, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   5 cities are split: 3 along co. or VTD bdys.;  
HTML population: 10.6% in   and 2 due to a non-contiguous parts.  
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
January Blue Plan based on 95 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 16.6% of 4 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Senate Republican Caucus) counties and VTDs.   population:8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
  8.9% in the 3rd district. district. 3 VTDs are split. min. 0.31 -- max. 0.46 February 4, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   2 cities are split along county bdys.  
HTML population: 10.7% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
January Gold Plan based on 133 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 35.2% of 4 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Senate Republican Caucus) counties and VTDs.   population:8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
  8.9% in the 3rd district. district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.36 -- max. 0.48 February 4, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   2 cities are split along county bdys.  
HTML population: 9.6% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Barber Congressional Plan based on 162 people or 0.02% Highest Black Largest shift is 25.3% of 3 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Senate Republican Caucus) counties and VTDs.   population:8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
  9.0% in the 3rd district. district. No VTDs are split. min. 0.22 -- max. 0.48 February 4, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   2 cities are split along county bdys.  
HTML population: 10.8% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Kansas Day 2 Plan based on 69 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 16.1% of 5 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to Senate
(Senate Democrats) counties and VTDs.   population:8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Reapportionment Committee
  9.5% in the 3rd district district. 2 cities are split due to non-contiguous min. 0.33 -- max. 0.42 February 5, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   parts.  
HTML population: 10.6% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Kansas Day Plan based on 37 people or 0.01% Highest Black Largest shift is 19.7% of 6 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Recommended as Sub. SB378
Revision counties and VTDs.   population: 8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  and Senate Sub. for Sub.
(Sen. Repub. Caucus; Senate   9.0% in the 3rd district district. 3 cities are split due to non-contiguous min. 0.25 -- max. 0.54 HB3012 by Senate
Reapportionment Committee;   Highest Hispanic   parts or noncontiguous parts or along   Reapportionment Committee
Senate Sub. for Sub. HB 3012) population: 10.6% in   county boundaries.    
PDF the 1st district.  
HTML    
ZIP    
     
HR Congress 1 Plan based on 76 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 12.9% of 2 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to House
(House Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 2 cities are split Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee
  9.1% in the 3rd district. district. along county boundaries. Lawrence is min. 0.31 -- max. 0.44 March 12, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   split with 63,118 people in the 2nd  
HTML population: 10.7% in   district and 16,980 in the 3rd district.  
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
HR Congress 2 Plan based on 127 people or 0.02% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 10.6% of 5 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to House
(House Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 2 cities are split Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee
  9.1% in the 3rd district. district. along county boundaries. Lawrence is min. 0.33 -- max. 0.47 March 12, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   split with 63,118 people in the 2nd  
HTML population: 10.9% in   district and 16,980 in the 3rd district.  
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
HR Congress 3 Plan based on 96 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 14.5% of 4 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to House
(House Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 5 cities are split: Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee
  9.1% in the 3rd district district. 4 due to noncontiguous parts or min. 0.30 -- max. 0.51 March 12, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   along county boundaries. Lawrence is  
HTML population: 10.9% in   split with 63,118 people in the 2nd  
ZIP the 1st district. district and 16,980 in the 3rd district.
     
Gorilla 1 Plan based on 68 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.6% of 4 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to House
(House Republicans) counties, VTDs and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee
Census blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district district. 4 cities are split: 3 along country min. 0.34 -- max. 0.49 March 12, 2002.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   boundaries and Lawrence is with 24,284  
HTML population: 10.9% in   in the 2nd district and 55,814 in the 3rd  
ZIP the 1st district. district.
     
HR Congress 4 Plan based on 42 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.5% of 2 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Recommended by House
(House Republicans; House counties, VTDs and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 8 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee as
Redistricting Committee, Sub. Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district district. 4 cities are split: 3 due to noncontiguous min. 0.33 -- max. 0.46 Sub. HB 3012 March 13,
HB3012; House Federal & State   Highest Hispanic   parts or along county boundaries   2002.
Affairs Comm., H. Sub. SB152) population: 10.7% in   and Lawrence with 49,881 people in the  
PDF the 1st district. 2nd district and 30,217 in the 3rd district.
HTML    
ZIP    
   
               
Meadowlark Plan based on 30 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split, one of which is Districts are contiguous. Presented to House
(House Democrats) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. Roeck measure:  Redistricting Committee
  9.5% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split due to noncontiguous min. 0.36 -- max. 0.47 March 13, 2002. Offered as
PDF   Highest Hispanic   parts or along country boundaries.   floor amendment to Sub.
HTML population: 10.6% in       HB3012 March 15, 2002.
ZIP the 1st district.     Not adopted.
   
Congress 4 Harvey Plan based on 57 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.5% of 2 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(Representative Garry Boston) counties, VTDs and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 7 VTDs are split: Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 3 due to noncontiguous parts or along min. 0.33 -- max. 0.47 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   country boundaries and Lawrence with    
HTML population: 10.7% in   49,881 people in the 2nd district and  
ZIP the 1st district. 30,217 in the 3rd district.
   
Buffalo Plan based on 34 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 29.7% of 4 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(House Democrats) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 9.0% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 cities are split: Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
  9.6% in the 3rd district. district. 2 due to noncontiguous parts and min. 0.31 -- max. 0.48 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   Leavenworth with 8,961 people in the 2nd  
HTML population: 10.4% in   district and 26,459 in the 3rd district.  
ZIP the 1st district.  
   
Pirates v Ravens Plan based on 24 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.3% of 6 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(House Democrats) counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 12 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along cnty boundaries min. 0.30 -- max. 0.58 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   or due to noncontiguous parts and  
HTML population: 10.6% in   Lawrence with 49,881 people in the 2nd  
ZIP the 1st district. district and 30,217 in the 3rd district.
   
Wheat 2 Plan based on 19 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(House Democrats) counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 8 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 across cnty boundaries min. 0.34 -- max. 0.46 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   or due to noncontiguous parts and  
HTML population: 10.7% in   Lawrence with 49,881 people in the 2nd  
ZIP the 1st district. district and 30,217 in the 3rd district.
   
Wah Na Ko Qua Plan based on 40 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.3% of 5 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(House Democrats) counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 8 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along cnty boundaries min. 0.32 -- max. 0.56 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   or due to noncontiguous parts and  
HTML population: 10.6% in   Lawrence with 49,881 people in the 2nd  
ZIP the 1st district. district and 30,217 in the 3rd district.
   
Nasana Plan based on 49 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous. Offered as floor
(House Democrats) counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 9 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:  amendment to Sub. HB3012
Census blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district. district. 6 cities are split: 4 along cnty boundaries min. 0.30 -- max. 0.58 March 15, 2002. Not adopted.
PDF   Highest Hispanic   or due to noncontiguous parts; Netawaka  
HTML population: 10.6% in   (across reservation boundary) with 170  
ZIP the 1st district. people in the 1st district and 0 in the 2nd;
    and Lawrence with 21,914 people in the
    2nd district and 58,184 in the 3rd district.
   
D 2 Plan based on 27 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along cnty boundaries min. 0.35 -- max. 0.48  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   or due to noncontiguous parts;and  
HTML population: 10.6% in   Lawrence with 24,142 people in the 2nd  
ZIP the 1st district. district and 55,956 in the 3rd district.
     
2002 Congressional Plan based on 98 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 33.4% of 5 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator O'Connor) counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.5% to total population in the 1st split in the current plan. 1 VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
Census blocks. 9.0% in the 3rd district. district. 3 cities are split: 2 along county or min. 0.30 -- max. 0.37  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   VTD boundaries ; and Wichita with  
HTML population: 13.0% in   119,543 people in the 1st  
ZIP the 1st district. and 131,364 in the 4th district.
     
     
February Copper Plan based on 1 person or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 28.9% of 3 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
Modified H counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 5 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
(Senate Republicans) Census blocks. 9.0% in the 3rd district. district. 2 VTD splits affect no population. 3 cities min. 0.28 -- max. 0.46.  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   are split: 1 along a cnty boundary; Newton  
HTML population: 10.8% in   with 0 people in the 1st district and 17,190  
ZIP the 1st district. in the 4th district; and North Newton with
    1,293 people in the 1st district and 229
    people in the 4th district.
     
Congressional Six Plan based on 69 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 16.6% of 2 counties are split; neither of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  8.9% in the 3rd district. district. 2 cities are split along a county boundary. min. 0.31 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic      
HTML population: 10.7% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Congressional Five Plan based on 25 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 14.3% of 3 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Republicans) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  8.9% in the 3rd district. district. 2 cities are split along VTD or county min. 0.32 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   boundaries.  
HTML population: 10.6% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Congressional 2 Plan based on 38 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Democrats) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  9.5% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split due to noncontiguous min. 0.36 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   parts or along VTD or county boundaries.  
HTML population: 10.6% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Congressional 3 Plan based on 11 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 6 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Democrats) counties, VTDs and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. One VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district. district. No population is affected by that split. min. 0.36 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   4 cities are split due to noncontiguous  
HTML population: 10.6% in   parts or along county boundaries.  
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Congressional 2A Plan based on 12 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator Hensley) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  9.5% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split due to noncontiguous min. 0.36 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   parts or along county boundaries.  
HTML population: 10.6% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
January Blue B Plan based on 69 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 16.6% of 2 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator Teichman) counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
  8.9% in the 3rd district. district. 2 cities are split due to noncontiguous min. 0.31 -- max. 0.47  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   parts or along county boundaries.  
HTML population: 10.7% in      
ZIP the 1st district.  
     
Kansas Copper Plan based on 1 person or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 29.0% of 3 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
Modified J counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
(Senator Huelskamp) Census blocks. 9.0% in the 3rd district. district. 2 cities are split: 1 along a county min. 0.28 -- max. 0.46.  
PDF   Highest Hispanic   boundary; and North Newton with  
HTML population: 10.8% in   1,293 people in the 1st district and 229  
ZIP the 1st district. people in the 4th district.
     
February Copper Plan based on 1 person or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 24.4% of 3 counties are split; none of which is Districts are contiguous.  
Modified I counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.5% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 4 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
(Senator Donovan; Sen. Sub. for Census blocks. 9.0% in the 3rd district. district. 1 city is split along a county boundary. min. 0.29 -- max. 0.46.  
Sub. HB3012, as amended by   Highest Hispanic      
Senate Committee of the Whole) population: 10.8% in      
PDF the 1st district.  
HTML    
ZIP    
     
Record III Plan based on 2 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 15.4% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator Pugh;Presented in Conf counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.7% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Comm on Sen Sub for Sub HB Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 2 along county min. 0.33 -- max. 0.53.  
3012)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts; Fontana with 14 people in the 2nd  
HTML the 1st district. and 135 in the 3rd; Lawrence with 37,964
ZIP   in the 2nd and 42,134 in the 3rd; Mulvane
    with 1001 in the 1st and 4154 in the 4th.
     
Kasold D Plan based on 11 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Republicans; counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 7 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Presented in Conf. Comm. on Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.35 -- max. 0.51.  
Sen Sub for Sub HB 3012)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.6% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,277  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,821 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Caucus J Iowa 2 Plan based on 30 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.1% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(House Republicans; counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 1 VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
Presented in Conf. Comm. on Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.38 -- max. 0.51.  
Sen Sub for Sub HB 3012)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts and Lawrence with 25,768  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 54,330 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
SB152 Option A Plan based on 16 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Floor amendment offered by counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Rep. Levinson on 5/14/02 to   9.5% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split along county min. 0.35 -- max. 0.49.  
H.Sub. SB152. The amendment   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
was not adopted.) population: 10.6% in   parts.  
PDF the 1st district.  
HTML    
ZIP    
     
Iowa-JC-GW-NE Plan based on 33 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.1% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Floor amendment by Rep. counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 1 VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
O'Neal to H.Sub. SB152 Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.38 -- max. 0.51.  
adopted 5/14/02)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts and Lawrence with 25,768  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 54,330 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
GERLPT 2nd Iowa B Plan based on 10 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.1% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Distributed by Sen. Oleen on counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 1 VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
the Senate floor during Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.34 -- max. 0.51.  
discussion of H.Sub. SB152 on   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
5/15/02.) population: 10.6% in   parts and Lawrence with 25,782  
PDF the 1st district. in the 2nd and 54,316 in the 3rd.
HTML    
ZIP    
     
GERLPT Kasold Plan based on 9 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.1% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Distributed by Sen. Oleen counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 2 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
during Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.34 -- max. 0.50.  
on H.Sub. SB152 on 5/16/02.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.6% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,317  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,781 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Harmony Plan based on 16 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(House Democrats presented counties and VTDs.   Black population: 8.9% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. No VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
in Conference Committee   9.5% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split along county min. 0.35 -- max. 0.49.  
on Senate Sub.for Sub. HB3012   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
on 5/10/02.) population: 10.6% in   parts.  
PDF the 1st district.  
HTML    
ZIP    
     
BCC Plan based on 28 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 17.3% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Presented by Rep. O'Neal counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
during Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.33 -- max. 0.50.  
on H. Sub. SB152 on 5/16/02.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 11.3% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,309  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,789 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
BCC2 Plan based on 26 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 13.0% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Presented by Rep. O'Neal counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
during Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.4% in the 3rd district. district. 6 cities are split: 5 along county min. 0.33 -- max. 0.52.  
on H.Sub. SB152 on 5/16/02.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,309  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,789 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Amelia Greenwood Plan based on 34 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.4% of 2 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Presented by Sen. Allen counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 1 VTDs is split. Roeck measure:   
to Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.34 -- max. 0.51.  
on H. Sub. SB152.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.7% in   parts; and Lawrence with 25,782  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,316 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Amelia Plan based on 36 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.4% of 2 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Presented by Rep. O'Neal counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 1 VTD is split. Roeck measure:   
during Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.34 -- max. 0.51.  
on Sen. Sub. for Sub. HB3012.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.7% in   parts; and Lawrence with 25,768  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 54,330 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
HR Congress 4 GW Plan based on 39 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 11.5% of 2 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(House offer in Conference counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.6% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 8 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Committee on H. Sub. for Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 4 cities are split: 3 along county min. 0.33 -- max. 0.46.  
SB152, 11:30 AM 5/16/02)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.7% in   parts; and Lawrence with 49,881  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 30,217 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Kasold Coffey B Plan based on 8 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Presented by Sen. Adkins counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 7 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
to Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.33 -- max. 0.51.  
on Sen. Sub. for Sub. HB3012.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.7% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,277  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,821 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Friday Map II Plan based on 1 person or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 15.4% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator Pugh; Presented in counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.7% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 3 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.2% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.25 -- max. 0.53.  
on Sen. Sub. for Sub. HB3012.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts; and Lawrence with 37,964  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 42,134 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Friday Map II B Plan based on 2 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 15.4% of 3 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senator Pugh; Presented in counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 8 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.25 -- max. 0.53.  
on Sen. Sub. for Sub. HB3012.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,277  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,821 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Kasold B Plan based on 8 people or 0.00% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Senate Republicans; Presented counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.8% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 7 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
in Conference Committee Census blocks. 9.3% in the 3rd district. district. 5 cities are split: 4 along county min. 0.37 -- max. 0.51.  
on Sen. Sub. for Sub. HB3012.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts; and Lawrence with 23,277  
HTML the 1st district. in the 2nd and 56,821 in the 3rd.
ZIP    
     
Record IV Plan based on 57 people or 0.01% Highest non-Hispanic Largest shift is 9.2% of 4 counties are split; one of which is Districts are contiguous.  
(Distributed to conferees in counties, VTDs, and   Black population: 8.4% to total population in the 2nd split in the current plan. 7 VTDs are split. Roeck measure:   
Conference Committee Census blocks. 8.9% in the 3rd district. district. 2 cities are split along county min. 0.32 -- max. 0.54.  
on H. Sub. for SB152 5/16/02.)   Highest Hispanic   boundaries or due to non-contiguous  
PDF population: 10.9% in   parts.  
HTML the 1st district.  
ZIP    
     
     
* Note:  Among the1992 Congressional districts, the maximum Black population is 8.3% to 9.0% in the 3rd district.  The Hispanic population (all races) is 11.1% in the 1st district. 34793
**Note: The Roeck measure is an area-based measure that compares each district to a circle, which is considered to be the most compact shape possible.
            For each district, the Roeck test computes the ratio of the area of the district to the area of the minimum enclosing circle for the district.  The
            measure is always between 0 and 1, with 1 being the most compact.  The Roeck test computes one number for each district and  the minimum,
             maximum, mean, and standard deviation for the plan.  The current plan (1992) minimum is 0.36 and the maximum is 0.50.