Sunflower symbol

Indian Treaties
Of 1865

Sunflower symbol

      In October 1865 hundreds of Plains Indians camped on these prairies to negotiate peace with U.S. government officials. Among them were Chiefs Black Kettle and Seven Bulls (Cheyenne), Little Raven and Big Mouth (Arapahos), Rising Sun and Horse's Back (Comanches), Poor Bear (Apache), and Satanta and Satank (Kiowa). Federal commissioners with great prestige among the Indians were General Harney, Jesse H. Leavenworth, Christopher "Kit" Carson and William Bent.
 
      Both sides wanted to end the hostilities on the Plains. The commissioners also hoped to reach an agreement that would make travel on the western trails safer and further restrict Indian lands. Native Americans sought unrestricted hunting grounds and reparation for the Sand Creek Massacre suffered the year before by Black Kettle's band.
 
      The negotiations resulted in treaties that gave the Indians reservation lands south of the Arkansas River and denied them their hunting grounds north to the Platte River. Peace was proclaimed; however, the treaties were never ratified by the U.S. Congress and both sides later charged the other with violating the agreement, resulting in further conflict. There is a monument one mile west.
Erected by the Kansas Historical Society & Kansas Department of Transportation
 
Marker text sent by Robert Walter, Pittsburg, KS

Sedgwick County  
Historical marker on old US-81
Park City
Sedgwick County
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Historical
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December 10, 2000 / Bob Walter / Wichita, Kansas / history@kslib.info

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