Lincoln County and the Indian Wars
|By the 1850s Plains Indians were faced with evergrowing numbers of
travelers and settlers in central and western Kansas. Treaties were
negotiated by the U. S. government, often taking advantage of tribal
divisions, forcing native peoples onto reservations and limiting their
hunting areas. Although relations between settlers and Indians were
generally peaceful, tensions developed as more settlers arrived.
Inevitably, some Native Americans acted to defend their lands. In 1864 Cheyennes attacked four buffalo hunters a short distance south of this marker and killed them after a bitter fight. In 1868 Cheyenne Dog Soldiers attacked settlements along the Saline and Solomon Rivers and their tributaries in present-day Lincoln, Cloud, Ottawa, and Jewell Counties. In 1869 thirteen settlers were killed and several wounded during a conflict between the Cheyennes and settlers in the Saline River valley and northwest of here on Spillman Creek. A monument to those settlers stands on the courthouse square in Lincoln.
Erected by Kansas State Historical Society & Kansas Department of Transportation
Marker text sent by Robert Walter, Pittsburg, KS
|K 18 (between MP 98 and 99), in pull off, north side||