The following is a transcription of a history of Jewell County, Kansas published in 1878. It reflects the attitudes of the time. This is taken from a microfilmed copy. Some of the print was difficult to read and I have indicated with a question mark in brackets ([?]) when I was unsure of the spelling, particularly of names. Submitted by Patricia Seitas.
History of Jewell County, Kansas, with a Full Account of the Early Settlements and Indian Atrocities Committed Within Its Borders; Its final Settlement, Organization and Progress, Its Present Society, Churches and Schools, Its Towns, Streams; Topography; Soil and Products, Its Population; Township Organization and Officers, Its Industries; Business, Resources, Etc. by M. Winsor and James A. Scarbrough, Jewell City, Kansas, Diamond Printing Office, 1878
was originally a portion of Limestone. It is situated in the southwest corner of Jewell county, and comprises Township 5 south, Range 10 west. It was organized November 10, 1872, and named in honor of Dr. Erving, of Hiawatha, Kansas, from which place quite a number of the first settlers emigrated.
The First Election
took place April 3, 1873, at which Fred J. Vosburg was elected Trustee. The records fail to show the election of any other officers. Perhaps the people were just as well off without them.
The First Settlers
Fred J. Vosburg took the first claim in the township in June 1870. He was followed in the spring of 1871 by Wm. Babcock, Frank Clark, R. Snider, Al. Chandler, George Engleheart, F.J. Heller, Peter De Young, George Schoonmaker, Henry Van Tilborg and a great many others. In fact so great was the rush of emigration that spring that before the close of 1871, all the land in the Township was taken up. The township is well watered by Oak creek and its tributaries, along the banks of which an abundance of excellent timber is found. The soil is rich and productive.
Schools and Churches
There are three School Districts in two of which are good substantial school houses, in which regular terms of school are taught. The other district contemplates building this fall. The church organizations are -- the Dutch Reformed Church, who have a commodious church building and parsonage; the Advents and the Congregationalists. The two latter have no church buildings, but all have regular preaching. The majority of the inhabitants are Hollanders. They are honest, industrious, hardworking people, and make good citizens.
The Present Township Officers,
elected November 6, 1877, are: Henry Van Tilberg, Trustee; R.W. Mayrihugh, Clerk; George Schoonmaker, Treasurer; Fred J. Vosburg and F.J. Heller, Justices of the Peace, and William Orchard and Geo. M. Stanton, Constables.
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