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Kansas State Board of Agriculture
First Biennial Report

PRODUCTS OF KANSAS

WINTER WHEAT.

1878

In respect to increase in acreage of winter wheat, the year 1878 has proved a remarkable one, the ratio of gain exceeding thirty-four per cent.; or in other words, there were upwards of one third more acres of winter wheat in 1878 than in 1877, five acres in 1878 to every one acre in 1872. In the preparation of maps and diagrams we have worked out many interesting results as to the location of the belts of the different grains, and shown as they be in colors, will prove not only of much interest but practical value as well. The winter wheat belt, that is, the ten counties having upwards of 40,000 acres in winter wheat, lies mainly in the southeast, commencing at the northern and eastern border of Dickinson, thence to Saline, and crossing through McPherson, spreads both east and west, embracing Reno, Harvey, Butler, Sedgwick, Sumner, Cowley, and skipping Chautauqua, ends with Montgomery. With the single exception of the latter-named county, the main belt is embraced in counties that adjoin, and one could readily ride over the entire area without leaving its confines.

The following tabular statement shows the acreage in the ten leading counties in 1877, in 1878, the increase of 1878 over 1877, and also, merely as illustrative of growth, the acreage in these countries in 1872, the counties being given at the different periods in the order of their value in acreage:

Acreage 1877. Acreage 1878. Increase 1878
over 1877.
Acreage 1872.
Dickinson 63,044 Sedgwick 85,629 Sumner 31,093 Montgomery 10,255
McPherson 58,844 McPherson 83,729 Sedgwick 30,230 Dickinson 5,687
Saline 58,497 Sumner 83,231 McPherson 24,885 Saline 2,356
Sedgwick 55,399 Dickinson 76,395 Reno 22,015 McPherson 1,819
Sumner 52,138 Saline 67,740 Dickinson 13,351 Butler 1,737
Cowley 50,621 Cowley 61,988 Harvey 12,632 Sedgwick 507
Montgomery 34,967 Reno 48,501 Butler 12,315 Sumner 502
Butler 29,679 Montgomery 42,211 Cowley 11,367 Cowley 352
Harvey 29,185 Butler 41,994 Saline 9,243 Reno 81
Reno 26,486 Harvey 41,811 Montgomery 7,244 Harvey -----
 
 
 
 
  458,869   633,234   174,365   23,297

In 1872, the acreage of these ten counties was 9 per cent. of the winter-wheat acreage of the State; in 1878 it was 49 per cent., while the increase in the ten counties was nearly 40 per cent. of that of the State. The second belt, embracing counties having 20,000 and less than 40,000 acres, is confined to no particular section of the State, taking in Barton and Rice in the southwest, 0ttawa and Clay in the northwest, Doniphan in the extreme northeast, Jefferson, Leavenworth and Johnson on the eastern border, Marion in the central, and Wilson and Labette in the south. The third belt, comprised of counties having 10,000 and less than 20,000 acres, also scatters all over the State, and includes Cherokee, Pawnee, Douglas, Atchison, Chautauqua, Wyandotte, Lincoln, Ellsworth, Davis and Brown.

The following is the winter-wheat acreage of the State by counties for 1877 and 1878, as returned to the State Board of Agriculture by the assessors through the county clerks, together with the increase and decrease during the year:

COUNTIES. 1877 1878 INCR. DECR. COUNTIES. 1877 1878 INCR. DECR.
Allen 899 2,981 2,082 ----- Lyon 2,853 8,071 5,218 -----
Anderson 874 2,903 2,029 ----- Marion 18,141 28,748 10,607 -----
Atchison 9,613 14,971 5,358 ----- Marshall 1,340 2,362 1,022 -----
Barbour 491 1,386 895 ----- McPherson 58,844 83,729 24,885 -----
Barton 18,801 37,500 18,699 ----- Miami 3,224 8,230 5,006 -----
Bourbon 1,586 9,164 7,578 ----- Mitchell 8,158 8,997 839 -----
Brown 2,536 11,261 8,725 ----- Montgomery 34,967 42,211 7,244 -----
Butler 29,679 41,994 12,315 ----- Morris 3,959 7,747 3,788 -----
Chautauqua 11,532 13,354 1,822 ----- Nemaha 253 1,093 840 -----
Chase 5,208 7,769 2,561 ----- Neosho 2,834 8,367 5,533 -----
Cherokee 15,435 19,251 3,816 ----- Norton 1,859 3,151 1,292 -----
Clay 18,010 22,449 4,439 ----- Osage 1,053 6,727 5,674 -----
Cloud 4,281 6,446 2,165 ----- Osborne 6,053 9,955 3,902 -----
Coffey 1,333 3,371 2,038 ----- Ottawa 19,060 25,599 6,539 -----
Cowley 50,621 61,988 11,367 ----- Pawnee 8,968 19,207 10,239 -----
Crawford 2,549 9,840 7,291 ----- Phillips 2,614 7,542 4,928 -----
Davis 7,910 11,568 3,658 ----- Pottawatomie 3,016 4,910 1,894 -----
Dickinson 63,044 76,395 13,351 ----- Reno 26,486 48,501 22,015 -----
Donipihan 16,318 27,467 11,149 ----- Republic 1,588 2,507 919 -----
Douglas 10,730 18,518 7,788 ----- Rice 17,751 25,754 8,003 -----
Edwards 704 2,205 1,501 ----- Riley 3,253 4,249 996 -----
Elk 8,932 9,465 533 ----- Rooks 525 1,084 559 -----
Ellis 1,321 4,037 2,716 ----- Rush 2,710 7,400 4,690 -----
Ellsworth 6,565 12,531 5,966 ----- Russell 4,789 9,181 4,392 -----
Ford 177 732 555 ----- Saline 58,497 67,740 9,243 -----
Franklin 2,268 5,133 2,865 ----- Sedgwick 55,399 85,629 30,230 -----
Greenwood 5,385 7,897 2,512 ----- Shawnee 4,807 7,734 2,927 -----
Harvey 29,184 41,816 12,632 ----- Smith 3,359 5,132 1,773 -----
Jackson 2,446 6,858 4,412 ----- Sumner 52,138 83,231 31,093 -----
Jefferson 14,401 25,616 11,215 ----- Wabaunsee 4,242 7,950 3,708 -----
Jewell 7,146 7,494 348 ----- Washington 6,628 3,825 2,803
Johnson 10,366 21,759 11,393 ----- Wilson 16,406 20,358 3,952 -----
Labette 25,557 33,135 7,578 ----- Woodson 1,306 2,455 1,149 -----
Leavenworth 14,036 24,902 10,866 ----- Wyandotte 8,787 12,795 4,008 -----
Lincoln 9,285 12,784 3,499 -----




Linn 2,035 8,444 6,409 ----- Total 857,125 1,297,555 443,233 2,803

WINTER WHEAT TO THE SQUARE MILE.

TABLE showing the Number of Acres of Winter Wheat in each County to the Square Mile for 1878, arranged in seven groups of ten counties each, commencing with the highest.

  ACRES   ACRES   ACRES
Saline 94.08 Davis 28.42 Osage 9.34
McPherson 93.03 Barton 28.15 Cloud 8.95
Dickinson 89.77 Pawnee 25.40 Franklin 8.91
Sedgwick 84.94 Chautauqua 20.51    
Wyandotte 83.62 Brown 19.55 Phillips 8.38
Harvey 77.43 Lincoln 17.75 Jewell 8.32
Doniphan 72.47     Riley 6.88
Sumner 70.90 Miami 17.56 Greenwood 6.83
Montgomery 66.37 Ellsworth 17.40 Allen 5.91
Cowley 55.74 Crawford 16.79 Pottawatomie 5.78
    Elk 14.54 Smith 5.70
Leavenworth 54.72 Neosho 14.52 Coffey 5.20
Labette 51.05 Bourbon 14.38 Anderson 5.04
Johnson 45.33 Shawnee 13.86 Woodson 4.87
Douglas 39.48 Linn 13.25    
Jefferson 38.52 Mitchell 12.49 Ellis 4.48
Reno 38.49 Morris 11.06 Washington 4.25
Atchison 36.60     Norton 3.50
Rice 35.76 Osborne 11.06 Republic 3.48
Ottawa 35.55 Jackson 10.42 Marshall 2.62
Wilson 35.34 Rush 10.27 Edwards 2.26
    Russell 10.20 Nemaha 1.51
Clay 34.01 Chase 10.11 Barbour 1.41
Cherokee 32.68 Wabaunsee 9.89 Rooks 1.20
Marion 30.13 Lyon 9.40 Ford 0.67
Butler 29.40        

Transcribed from First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture to the Legislature of the State of Kansas, for the Years 1877-8 embracing statistical exhibits, with diagrams of the agricultural, industrial, mercantile, and other interests of the state, together with a colored outline map of the state, and sectional maps, in colors, of each organized county, showing their relative size and location, railroads, towns, post offices, school houses, water powers, etc., etc. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers and Engravers, Chicago. 1878. Transcribed March 2002.


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