Return to Index

Kansas State Board of Agriculture
First Biennial Report

Pratt County

1878


Map of Pratt County - 1878

The first settlement was made in the southwest part of the county, date not given, by a Mr. Johnson. - No churches have yet been built in the county, and no school houses, except one built of sod; two schools, however, are in operation. - The first marriage was between W. Z. Nutting and Miss Howell. - The first business was a general store at Stafford, 1877, by E. R. Crawford, and the first post office was established at Freeman, Lucy J. Stone, postmistress.

The county was organized in 1878. An attempt was made to organize it in 1874, but it was clearly fraudulent, there being no population worth mentioning. Jesse Vickers first settled in Stafford, July, 1876. Robert Anderson was the first resident of Iuka, spring of 1877.

Population. - Population in March, 1878, 2,180.

Topography. - The general surface of the country Is undulating; the average width of the bottoms is two miles; there is about 92 per cent. of upland and 8 per cent. of bottom.

Timber. - The timber is inconsiderable.

Coal. - No coal has been discovered.

Principal Streams. - The Ninnescah is the largest stream, with several tributaries, all flowing eastward. Good well water is obtained at a depth of from 10 to 30 feet

Agricultural Statistics. - Acres in the county, 645,120; under cultivation, 8,532.50.

Farm Animals. - Number of horses, 234; mules and asses, 91 ; milch cows, 221; other cattle, 215; sheep, 4,495; swine, 317.

Value of Agricultural Implements. - Value of agricultural implements, $135.

Newspaper History. - The Pratt County Press was started at Iuka, in August, 1878, by J. B. King .and M. C. Davis, under the firm name of King & Davis, editors and publishers, by whom it is still continued.

The Citizen was published at Stafford for a short time (dates and names not given), when the establishment was sold to E. B. Cowgill of the Rice County Gazette.

NOTE. - Pratt was attached to Reno county for judicial purposes. At the time the statistics were ,collected, returns were made to Reno, the same as if it had been a township of that county. Consequently the statistics of population and of agriculture are included in the general tables, and credited to Reno county.

TABLE showing the Acreage, Product and Value of the Principal Crops for 1878.

CROPS. ACRES. PRODUCT. VALUE.




Winter Wheat - bu. 2,981 00 53,658.00 $27902 16
Rye - bu. 235 00 3,760 00 1,128 00
Spring Wheat - bu. 620 00 3,720 00 1,562 40
Corn - bu. 3,703 00 111,090 00 22,218 00
Barley - bu. 93 00 2,790,00 837 00
Oats - bu. 596 00 23,840.00 3,576 00
Buckwheat - bu. ....... ....... .......
Irish Potatoes - bu. 6 50 650.00 227 50
Sweet Potatoes - bu. 2 00 240 00 156 00
Sorghum - gall. 3 00 345 00 172 50
Castor Beans - bu. ....... ....... .......
Cotton - lbs. ....... ....... .......
Flax - bu. ....... ....... .......
Hemp - lbs. ....... ....... .......
Tobacco - lbs. ....... ....... .......
Broom Corn - lbs. ....... ....... .......
Millet and Hungarian - tons 293.00 879 00 3,516.65
Timothy Meadow - tons ....... ....... .......
Clover Meadow - tons ....... ....... .......
Prairie Meadow - tons ....... ....... .......
Timothy Pasture ....... ....... .......
Clover Pasture ....... ....... .......
Blue-Grass Pasture ....... ....... .......
Prairie Pasture ....... ....... .......




      Total 8,532.50   $61.295.56

Transcribed from First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture to the Legislature of the State of Kansas, for the Years 1877-8 embracing statistical exhibits, with diagrams of the agricultural, industrial, mercantile, and other interests of the state, together with a colored outline map of the state, and sectional maps, in colors, of each organizaed county, showing their relative size and location, railroads, towns, post offices, school houses, water powers, etc., etc. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers and Engravers, Chicago. 1878.


Background and KSGenWeb logo were designed and are copyrighted by
Tom & Carolyn Ward
for the limited use of the KSGenWeb Project.
Permission is granted for use only on an official KSGenWeb page.


©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 by Tom & Carolyn Ward


Home Page for Kansas
Search all of Blue Skyways
including
The KSGenWeb Project