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Kansas State Board of Agriculture
First Biennial Report

Graham County

1878


Map of Graham County - 1878

This county was named in honor of Capt. John L. Graham, of Company D, 8th Kansas, who was killed at the battle of Chickamauga.

Population. -- The county is estimated to contain a population of 1,500, 600 of whom are colored, the latter being a colony from Kentucky. There are four towns in the county - Hill City, Graham, Huston and Nicodemus, the latter being settled by the colored people.

Timber. -- There is a fair amount of timber on the streams, the yellow cottonwood predominating.

Principal Streams. -- The streams are the South Fork of the Solomon, Bull, Brush, Coon, Ash, Sand, Spring, Bow and Register Rock creeks.

Building Stone. -- Building stone is plenty, consisting of white magnesian limestone.

Agricultural Statistics. -- There are 576,000 acres in the county. There was estimated to be raised in 1878, 1,200 acres of winter wheat; 200 acres of rye; 2,500 acres of corn; 50 acres of oats; 25 acres of Irish potatoes; 3 acres of sweet potatoes; 10 acres of sorghum; 150 acres of millet and Hungarian, and a large quantity of garden produce. The soil is rather sandy, but very good.

Farm Animals. -- Horses and mules, 200; milch cows, 770; other cattle, 5,610, inclusive of those belonging to herders or ranchmen; swine, 200.

Water Power. -- There is said to be good water power on Bow and Ash creeks.

Schools. -- There are six schools in the Nicodemus Colony, all kept in dug-outs; two on Bow Creek, one at Huston, and one in Township 21, Range 6, all in log houses, making ten altogether.

Churches. -- There are four church organizations - two Presbyterian, one Methodist and one Baptist.

Transcribed from First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture to the Legislature of the State of Kansas, for the Years 1877-8 embracing statistical exhibits, with diagrams of the agricultural, industrial, mercantile, and other interests of the state, together with a colored outline map of the state, and sectional maps, in colors, of each organizaed county, showing their relative size and location, railroads, towns, post offices, school houses, water powers, etc., etc. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers and Engravers, Chicago. 1878.

Transcribed by Ardie Grimes.


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