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Kansas State Board of Agriculture
First Biennial Report

Geology of Kansas.

1878

CRETACEOUS SYSTEM.

I. Niobrara. II. Benton. III. Dakota.

The Cretaceous in Kansas covers an area of over 40,000 square miles, or more than half of the surface of the State. The Pierre and Fox Hill groups of Hayden, and all equivalents of those periods, are entirely wanting. The Cretaceous is, therefore, represented in Kansas, by the Niobrara, Benton and Dakota. The line of demarkation between the Pliocene and Cretaceous, though presenting a very irregular line, is well defined and sharp. Adjoining the Permian easterly, it is not so clear; yet some recent examinations, made in company with Prof. O. St. John, show that the boundary is not difficult to trace. We have never been able to find any fossils of the Jurassic or Triassic, the beds of the Cretaceous resting conformably, or nearly so, on the Permian.

That portion south of the Arkansas river, and west of Harper county, has been little examined, either by myself or others, but appears to be represented by the Fort Benton or Dakota groups.

Transcribed from First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture to the Legislature of the State of Kansas, for the Years 1877-8 embracing statistical exhibits, with diagrams of the agricultural, industrial, mercantile, and other interests of the state, together with a colored outline map of the state, and sectional maps, in colors, of each organized county, showing their relative size and location, railroads, towns, post offices, school houses, water powers, etc., etc. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers and Engravers, Chicago. 1878. Transcribed by Corey Turnbough, April 2002.


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