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Marshall County Courthouse in Marysville, Kansas. Photo by Susan Howell.
 Marshall County Courthouse

Marshall County  

Location
 
 
County Seat: Marysville
Founded: 1855
Population:
    · 10,965 (2000)
    · 11,705 (1990)
    · 24,355 (1900)
Area: 878 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: MS

History

Map of Marshall County, KS in 1899
Organized in 1855.  County seat, Marysville.  After General Frank J. Marshall, who established a ferry on the Big Blue at the crossing of the old Independence-California road in 1849. He was a prominent member of the first Legislature, and had his own name applied to the county. Marysville was declared the permanent county seat by the Legislature in 1860.
 
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
 
Marshall County was located on the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Trail, and the route of the Pony Express. The Holladay stage line from Atchison to Salt Lake City also passed through here. Frank J. Marshall established a trading post and a ferry across the Big Blue River at a site which he named Marysville for his wife. Marshall was a proslavery candidate for governor in 1857.
 
The Oregon Trail crossed the Blue River about 6 miles south of Marysville. The Donner party came through there in 1846 and named a spot near their campsite Alcove Spring. Today this site is considered one of the most important Oregon Trail sites in Kansas.
 
Two Pony Express stations were located in Marshall County. At Marysville the original 1859 pony barn is now a museum. Guittard Station near Beattie is commemorated by a roadside marker.
 
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Marshall County.
 
There is a section on Marshall County in the book Kansas: a Cyclopedia Of State History by Frank Blackmar (1912).
 
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Marshall County towns: Axtell, Beattie, Bigelow, Blue Rapids, Bremen, Frankfort, Herkimer, Home, Irving, Marysville, Summerfield, Vermillion, and Waterville.
 
The Kansas State Historical Society also has more historical data for Marshall County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.

 

 

 

Historic Marshall County Courthouse in Marysville, Kansas- © photo by Charles  Hollenberg, used by permission
Marshall County Historic Courthouse in Marysville
Photo by Charles Hollenberg, used by permission.
  
  • Larger-than-life bronze statue Pony Express horse and rider in a downtown Marysville park along Highway 36.
  • The historic Marshall County Courthouse in Marysville now belongs to the Marshall County Historical Society which operates a museum and genealogical research library there.
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Last updated on November 29, 2009 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.