County Seat: Anthony
· 6,536 (2000)
· 7,124 (1990)
· 10,310 (1900)
Area: 802 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: HP
Harper County Courthouse
Organized in 1873.
County seat Anthony.
The organization of this county was one of the
most glaring frauds ever perpetrated in the
State. Attorney-General Williams, in his
official report, says: "It is not pretended
that Harper county ever had an inhabitant."
The form of its organization was legal on paper,
and that is all. In 1878 the organization became
legal. The county was named in memory of Marion
Harper, first sergeant of Company E, Second
Regiment Kansas Cavalry. He was mortally wounded
at Waldron, Ark., December 29, 1863, and died the
following day. His comrades say he took his death
cooly. When brought in wounded, he proposed a wager
that in so many hours he would be dead; the bet was
taken, and Marion Harper won.
Map and text from History of Kansas,
Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
One of the rail lines that served Harper County was the
Hutchinson & Southern
a remarkable railroad built by a group of Kansas
businessmen without spending any of their own money.
It later became part of the A.T.&S.F.
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas
, first published in 1883, tells about early Harper County
There is a section on Harper County in the book
Kansas: a Cyclopedia Of State History
by Frank Blackmar (1912).
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of
The Kansas State Historical Society also has
for Harper County online including a rich bibliography and lists of
cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
Cities, Towns, & Villages of Harper County
Year Elev Population Name ZIP
==== ==== ========== ================ =====
1878 1350 2,440 Anthony 67003
1884 1453 636 Attica 67009
1886 1240 80 Bluff City 67018
1440 Crystal Springs
1880 1346 59 Danville 67036
1893 1582 Duquoin
1885 1333 6 Freeport 67049
1877 1421 1,567 Harper 67058
1889 1379 0 Runnymede Gone but not forgotten
1901 1246 17 Waldron 67150
Census Bureau Profile & Map
Special Places in Harper County
- The Immaculate Conception church in Danville, built in 1904,
somehow "fits" its location and belongs there.
- Freeport is nearly a ghost town now but the Freeport
State Bank is still open.
It's the smallest incorporated town in Kansas and maybe the US.
- Waldron is the second smallest incorporated city in Kansas after
Freeport. The church dates from the turn of the century.
- Runnymede was founded to provide a new home for young English
gentlemen and emphasized hunting and recreation. The only thing
left of Runnymede is a state
historical marker nearby.
is now in Harper.
- There's more about the vanished town of Hamner
on Blue Skyways.
Special Events in Harper County
- The Anthony Gun Club has registered trap shoots Memorial Day,
July 4th, and Labor Day. The shady grounds, beside Anthony City Lake, have been home
to the club since 1938.
- There's horse and dog racing at Anthony Downs every July.
- For over 50 years, there's been an annual rodeo in Attica.
- Anthony Public Library
624 E. Main / Anthony, KS 67003
- Attica Public Library (620) 254-7767
123 N. Main / Attica, KS 67009
- Harper Public Library (620) 896-2959
Tenth and Oak / Harper, KS 67058
- Historical Museum of Anthony (620) 842-3852
502 W. Main / Anthony, KS 67003
Harper County School Systems
- Anthony Hospital (620) 842-5111
1101 E Spring St. | Anthony, KS 67003
- Attica Rural Health Clinic (620) 254-7272
302 N. Botkin / Attica, KS 67009
- Harper Hospital District No 5 (620) 896-7324
1204 Maple St. / Harper, KS 67058
- Harper Medical Center (620) 896-7313
1019 Central St. / Harper, KS 67058
- Anthony Republican (620) 842-5129
121 E. Main / P. O. Box 31 / Anthony, KS 67003-0031
- Attica Independent (620) 254-7968
115 N. Main / Attica, KS 67009
- Harper Advocate (620) 896-7311
907 Central / Harper, KS 67058
- Harper County Herald (620) 842-8887
P. O. Box 25 / Anthony, KS 67003-0025
More Data About Harper County
- WPA The WPA Guide to 1930s Kansas ( Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 1984 )
- Sanders, Gwendoline & Sanders, Paul The Harper County Story (North Newton: Mennonite Press. 1966)
Harper County Offices
For more about Harper County contact:
Last updated on
March 18, 2011
A service of the Kansas State Library
Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.