County Seat: Syracuse
· 2,670 (2000)
· 2,388 (1990)
· 1,426 (1900)
Area: 998 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: HM
Hamilton County Courthouse
The Arkansas river, the Santa Fe railroad, and highway US 50,
running almost together, divide the county and join all of its towns.
If you leave the valley, you'll be in the rolling high plains.
- For about five miles just west of Syracuse, highway US 50 follows
the original path of the mountain route of the Santa Fe Trail.
- If you look off to the North from highway US 50 in Coolidge,
you can see the old stone water tower.
- If you're feeling a little more adventurous, take the river
road along the south side of the river from Syracuse to Coolidge.
You'll have cottonwoods on one side and pastures on the other.
- There is a sinkhole about seven miles south of Coolidge.
It's not very impressive, but the drive down to see it gives
a good sense of the countryside.
- In 1900, Mayline was a tiny town on the AT&SF halfway between
Kendall and Syracuse. The 1927-1928 Report from the State Board of
Agriculture makes no mention of it.
- The Northrup Theater in Syracuse opened April 7, 1930 with
"Footlights and Fools" starring Colleen Moore.
The ornate "art deco" paint job on the interior was added in
the forties. The building has been restored and is operated
by the Chamber of Commerce.
- The Donahue Memorial Hospital in Syracuse has
been replaced but the gracious old three-story brick building
still stands on a tree-covered site high above most of town.
Organized January 29, 1886.
County seat, Syracuse.
In honor of General Alexander Hamilton, the
great American statesman; he was killed in
a duel with Aaron Burr, July 11, 1804.
Map and text from History of Kansas,
Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
The county was named for Alexander Hamilton, the American statesman
who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr on July 11, 1804.
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of
The Kansas State Historical Society also has
for Hamilton County online including a rich bibliography and lists of
cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
Cities, Towns & Villages of Hamilton County
Town Population ZIP Year Elevation
================= ========== ========= ==== =========
Coolidge 90 67836 1883 3355
Kendall 67857 1885 3136
Syracuse 1606 67878 1875 3233
Trail City 0 1885
Census Bureau Profile & Map
Hamilton County School Systems
- Hamilton County Museum (620) 384-7496
108 E. Highway 50 / Syracuse, KS 67878
- Syracuse Journal (620) 384-5640
105 E. Hwy 50 / Syracuse, KS 67878
More Data About Hamilton County
- Kansas County Profile Reports
Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
- Hamilton County Kansas History
(Hamilton County Historical Society. 1979)
Hamilton County Offices
For more about Hamilton County contact:
- Syracuse Chamber of Commerce (620) 384-5459
118 N. Main
· P.O. Box 678
· Syracuse, KS 67878
Last updated on
November 29, 2009
A service of the Kansas State Library
Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.