Except for the extreme northeast corner, Grant County is what the Kansas Geologial Society calls the High Plains. This area does not get a lot of rainfall but, with irrigation, supports big farms. The Hugoton natural gas fields underlie much of the county.
Sand Arroyo Creek joins the North fork of the Cimarron River in western Grant County. The two forks of the Cimarron wander around and come together in the southeast part of the county. The joining of the two rivers does not guarantee that there is water in the combined stream.
The Cimarron Valley railroad serves all of the towns in Grant County using tracks that were once part of the AT&SF.
The Cimarron cutoff on the Santa Fe trail passed through Grant County, turned south and crossed the path of modern highway US 160 just east of Ulysses. It continued south and crossed the Cimarron in the southern part of the county.
The county was named for Ulysses Grant, Union general in the Civil War and president of the United States. As in many other Kansas counties, the struggle to determine which town would become county seat was fierce.
"At the height of the county seat contest between Ulysses and Appomattox in 1888, Ulysses boasted a population of 2,000 and supported twelve restaurants, four hotels, several other businesses, six gambling houses, and twelve saloons . . . "The battle was so expensive that the town of Ulysses went deeply into debt. In 1909, the buildings of the town were moved three miles to the present site to prevent foreclosure at the old townsite. Only a masonry school was left behind for the East Coast bondholders.
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Grant County towns: Ulysses and New Ulysses.
The Kansas State Historical Society also has more historical data for Grant County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
Brief histories of some of Grant Counties vanished towns are available:
Cities, Towns & Villages of Grant County
2000 Town Population ZIP Year Elevation ================= ========== ========= ==== ========= Appomattox 0 Hickok 3055 Old_Ulysses (moved) 0 1885 Ryus 3025 Stano 3146 Ulysses 5,960 67880 1909 3057
Special Places in Grant County
More Data About Grant County
Grant County Offices
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