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Atchison County Courthouse in Atchison, Kansas
 Atchison County Courthouse

Atchison County

County Seat: Atchison
Founded: 1855
  · 16,774   (2000)
  · 16,932   (1990)
  · 28,606   (1900)
Area: 431 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: AT

Map of Atchison County, KS in 1899
Organized in 1855. County seat Atchison. Named for David H. Atchison, a U.S. Senator from Missouri, and President of the United States Senate at the date of the passage of the Act for the organization of the Territory of Kansas. He was a Pro-Slavery Democrat, and zealous partisan leader in the discussions and movements affecting the interests of slavery and its attempted establishment in the new state to be created.
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Atchison County.
There is a section on Atchison County in the book Kansas: a Cyclopedia Of State History by Frank Blackmar (1912).
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Effingham. & Muscotah
The Kansas State Historical Society also has more historical data for Atchison County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.

Cities, Towns, & Villages of Atchison County

    Town                Population  ZIP         Year  Elevation
    =================   ==========  =========   ====  =========
    Arrington                                            950
    Atchison                10,232  66002       1854     950
    Cummings                        66016                992
    Dalbey                                               782
    Effingham                  588  66023               1138
    Farmington                                          1027
    Good Intent                                         1037
    Hawthorne                                           1000
    Huron                       87  66041               1160
    Kennekuk                                            1105
    Lancaster                  291  66041               1150
    Larkinburg                                           969
    Monrovia                                            1037
    Muscotah                   200  66058                964
    Oak Mills                                            850
    Parnell                                             1034
    Port Williams                                        788
    Potter                          66077                950
    Saint Pats                                          1070
    Shannon                                             1100
Census Bureau Profile & Map


  • Amelia Earhart's childhood home sits on a beautiful site overlooking the Missouri River in Atchison.
  • The Mt. St. Scholastica School (for girls) is an imposing place also overlooking the Missouri.
  • Atchison may have the nicest post office in the country. It's in a nineteenth-century stone palace downtown.
  • Atchison's old Santa Fe station is now a tourist information center and museum. There's a large collection of rolling stock on display

Special Events

  • Atchison holds Oktoberfest early in October at the downtown Mall.
  • The Amelia Earhart Festival is held in Atchison in July.



  • Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum   (913) 367-4217
    223 N. Terrace St. / Atchison, KS 66002
    Open daily 1-4 p.m. Other times by appointment.
    Birthplace and childhood home of the world-famous aviatrix.
  • Atchison County Historical Society Museum   (913) 367-6238
    200 S. 10th St., Santa Fe Depot / P. O. Box 201 / Atchison, KS 66002
    M-Sat 9-5 Sun 11-5 - May 1-Oct. 31 & M-Sat 9-5 Sun 11-4 - Nov. 1-April 30
    Museum in National Register listed 1880 Santa Fe Depot traces rich history of Atchison County with impressive collection of guns, exhibits on Lewis & Clark, railroad memorabilia and Amelia Earhart's personal effects.
  • Atchison Rail Museum   (913) 367-2427
    200 S. 10th St. / Atchison, KS 66002
    Outdoor collection of railroad cars and locomotive. Viewable year-round, cars open weekends during the summer. Also features miniature train rides weekends May - October.
  • Evah C. Cray Historical Home Museum   (913) 367-1948
    805 North Fifth St / Atchison, KS 66002
    Three-story Victorian mansion with distinctive castle tower completely furnished in elegant style of the Victorian era. Carriage house has unique display of photographs telling story of Amelia Earhart's life.
  • Muchnic Art Gallery   (913) 367-4278
    704 N. 4th St. / Atchison, KS 66002
    Open Saturday & Sunday, 1-5 p.m., April - November.
    Queen Anne-style mansion with period furnishings on the first floor and monthly displays of art by regional artists on the second floor.





More Data About Atchison County

Economic Data
  • Kansas County Profile Reports
    Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Health Data


Atchison County Offices

Atchison Area Chamber of Commerce
(800) 234-1854
200 S. Tenth / Box 126 / Atchison, KS 66002

Last updated on November 29, 2009 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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