Just before Christmas 1858, John Brown "liberated"
eleven slaves in Missouri. He hid them in a covered
wagon and circled north on the underground railway toward
Nebraska and freedom. En route a Negro baby was born.
Late in January they reached Albert Fuller's cabin on
Straight creek a mile and a half south of this marker.
Here a Federal posse barred their way. Both sides sent
for reinforcements. Help for Brown arrived first, Topeka
abolitionists leaving in the midst of Sunday church.
Declaring he would not be turned "from the path of the
Lord," Brown, though still outnumbered, crossed the creek
in spite of high water and the enemy entrenched on the other
side. Demoralized by his audacity, the posse mounted and
spurred awaythus giving a name to the bloodless battle.
This was Brown's exit from Kansas. In December, 1859, he
was hanged for his treasonable attack at Harper's Ferry.
This sign marks the site of Eureka, a trading center
on the Parallel Road which ran from Atchison to the
Pike's Peak gold fields.