fellow councilmen to name the town in honor of his friend, Dr. Redfield
of Fort Scott. Stone quarries which are the principal industry of the
vicinity have been operating since a few years after Redfield was settled.
- REECE (54 miles east of Wichita)
This Greenwood County community came into existence in 1870 when
William Smith Reece arrived from England and purchased the Burnt
Creek farm, known now as the Catalpa Grove farm. Reece was for a
time the western terminal of the Fort Scott division of the old St. Louis,
Fort Scott and Wichita Railroad. Cattle raising and oil production are
the principal industries of the vicinity now.
- REPUBLIC (28 miles northwest of Concordia)
A. B. Young and six other pioneers, each owning 10 acres of land,
formed a town company on this site in 1878. Construction of the
Missouri Pacific Railroad line was completed through here two years
later, accelerating the growth of the new town which was incorporated
in 1885. There is no reliable information to indicate why the name
"Republic" was chosen but, perhaps, its location in Republic County
on the Republican River was an influencing factor.
In 1899 Elizabeth and George Johnson of White Rock, Kansas, donated
to the State of Kansas eleven acres of land, site of Pike's Pawnee Indian
village. It was here that Captain Zebulon Pike in September, 1806,
persuaded the Pawnees to haul down the Spanish flag and raise the
United States emblem. The episode is commemorated by a 25-foot
shaft in the "village" which now is a state park. Annually during the
last week in September a celebration is held here with Pawnees,
brought from Oklahoma, re-enacting the flag-raising ceremonies.
Republic is an important grain and lumber shipping station on the
Missouri Pacific's Northern Kansas division.
- RESERVE (48 miles northwest of Atchison)
Founded as a railroad "boom town" in 1881, Reserve owes its name to
its location six miles from the Sac and Fox Indian Reservation where
a few Indians still live. When the town was first settled the only building
there was the log cabin home of Thomas Hart who had settled on
the spot in 1856. Mrs. Hart, noted for her kindness to travelers, always
kept a lighted candle in a window on cold winter nights and the Hart
home served as a rest stop on the journey between St. Joseph, Mo.,
Near the northern boundary of Brown County, Reserve is an important
grain shipping station for the surrounding area.
- RIVERDALE (25 miles south of Wichita)
Settled in 1887 when the present Missouri Pacific rail line was
constructed through Sumner County as the eastern division of the Denver,
Memphis and Atlantic Railway, Riverdale was originally named "Mallory,"
for a railroad officer. No information is available as to when the
name was changed or why, since there is no nearby stream of a size
sufficient to justify classification as a river.
Wheat farming is the principal industry in the vicinity of Riverdale.
- ROPER (52 miles north of Coffeyville)
The tiny settlement on the site of this Wilson County town was known
as "Sidell" when a post office was established in 1886, the same year in
which the present Missouri Pacific Lines was constructed through this
area. While definite information is lacking, it is believed the later and
present name "Roper," honored a railroad construction engineer.
- ROSALIA (43 miles east of Wichita)
This stock-raising and agricultural community in Butler County is said
to have been named for the wife of the head of the first family to settle
here. The family name is not known but hers was Rosalia.
- ROSE (62 miles north of Coffeyville)
Since hay and cattleand not roses- are the principal products of
the farm lands surrounding this Woodson County community it
probably was named for someone's wife, daughter, mother or sweetheart.
Authentic information as to the origin of the name is lacking.
It is known, however, that the original village named "Rose" was
located about a mile north of the present one and moved to its present
site in 1887.