KSGenWeb - The Primary Source for Kansas Genealogy

History of Chase County, Kansas

Professor D A Ellsworth's Abstracts
1853 - 1899

Pages i - iv, 1 - 100


Professor D. A. Ellsworth was hired by Mr. W. Austin to abstract the history of Chase County from the Chase County Leader News. It was published at the turn of the century but never bound or sold. At the death of Mr. Austin, it was stored in the family garage for years. Several years ago, his son finding it, donated the old boxes to the Chase County Historical Society. Each manuscript was circled with a band of paper. It contained no index.
It was indexed in 1999 and transcribed in 2002
by Lorna Marvin, Chase County Coordinator

HISTORY OF CHASE COUNTY

            Compiled for the Chase County Leader

                 By Prof. D. A. Ellsworth

FOREWORD

Page i


     Those of us who were so fortunate as to know many of the first settlers of Chase will recall that they were given to facts rather than fancy. The log Cabin in the edge of the timber, with neighbors few and far between, and no less the homestead on the high prairie of a later day, made for individuality. The open spaces held the community spirit in check. The lonely trails of the Indians and the paths made by the wild herds were slowly beaten into double-rutted roads, and these, largely, from riffle to riffle. Bridges there were none and in flood time only the high prairie road was open. This isolation made for self reliance and little concert of action.


     The record of these early settlers is therefore more or less fragmentary. The story of community cooperation naturally showed very sharply the control of the physiography. The Cottonwood valley was the major axis but numerous laterals made detached social groupings. Bloody creek and Cedar were farther removed in that day than Emporia or Wichita is from Wonsevu with us. And to add to the detachment the one was near-Quaker and the other was given to Methodism. It was a far cry then from the Friends meeting house to Brother Murdock's camp meeting up Cedar. As for Elk and Thurman creek, they were a world apart.


     In the light of the independent character of these pioneers and detached geographic units that were later united in Wise and then Chase county, it has seemed best to tell the story of the county as a political unit somewhat after the manner of Webb Wilder's Annals of Kansas and let the movement be one of time and the sequence of development follow the order in which unity came. In this way, the names will come in the order of appearance from that first settlement at the mouth of Diamond creek by Seth M. Hays to us in turn. In this way the history of the community, we trust, take form somewhat in the order in which it was made.


Page ii


     There may appear something too much by way of emphasis upon chronology and apparently casual affairs may take up time that possibly should be given to more compelling incidents. And yet that is the order in which the story came to be--as a growth and not a creation.


     The inter-relation of the development of Chase county with that of contemporary life is pointed by incident after incident. The struggle with slavery in the national councils brought about the Kansas-Nebraska act and among those who figured in a large way was the man for whom the county was named, Salmon P. Chase of Ohio, and also Colonel S. N. Wood, a leader in the Free State movement in Kansas, and the one who had the honor of naming the county. The political history of Chase is nothing if not typically American.


     From the time when there were but two voting precinct for residents, of this district--one of which was in Council Grove and the other in Fort Scott, the county has been notable for a remarkable succession of political leaders such as Wood, Brandley, Morgan, Drinkwater and Doolittle who were anything but provincial in their influence. Chase county made a splendid contribution in the struggle that overthrew slavery. From a sparse settlement boy after boy volunteered and the Valhalla of many a little resting place bears mute witness of a glorious sacrifice. When the call came in a later day, in the name of democracy, courage of a kind with that of the frontier days answered. As an integral part of the state and nation, Chase county has always qualified, and that most creditably.


     The greatest contribution of the pioneers of Chase county was by way of traditions that have come down in family circles. These are so intensely personal that they lend themselves largely to biography, well worthwhile. It is our hope that these traditions shall be saved as a part of the memorabilia of the county and made available as a part of the record, no less an inspiration to those who come after us. But for the current year the story will be in the form of annals, the content of which has been assembled from every record available to that purpose here and in the state historical society files. If it should appear broken at times and possibly lacking in details, it is hoped that the reader will connote the annal with the time. It was a time of action.


Page iii


     There was not a railroad in Kansas when the story began, and it was more than a decade after the first homestead was filed upon in Chase county, at that historic spot near the mouth of South Fork, by James Fisher, that there was anything but a dirt road in the county. Henry M. Brandley is said to have walked from Matfield Green to Emporia, even in 1861, to enlist in the Ninth Cavalry. In some such way as this it is our hope that the form of the story will lend itself to the larger of the theme.


     Chase county is today, every part of it, under the care of men and women who think in terms of flocks and herds and soils. Wherein on May 30, 1854, when Franklin Pierce signed the Kansas-Nebraska bill, there was not one white man resident within its borders, today families, even the fourth generation of those who broke the road across an unused prairie, cling to old homesteads in spite of varying fortunes in reverent memory of pioneer names. Among the more reasured documents of these pioneer families are deeds that bear the name of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States.


     In all, seven thousand people live in Chase county. The value of its land and property is more than $30,000,000. Its field crops total a million dollars annually. On the very site of a pioneer's log cabin stand fine homes today, modern as the time. Where the ox team slowly plodded its way along paralleling ruts with blue stem growing yoke high between, a thousand automobiles flash by along well-graded highways. Alfalfa fields, unknown in the old day, purple in the place of the bluestem of the unbroken prairie. The sometime patches of sod-corn and sod-wheat are now included with the arear of cultivation, nearly a hundred thousand acres in all. A national trail has succeeded the hunting trail of the Osages and Kaws. The war path of still earlier tithes still may, be seen on the hillsides of Fox creek. The trans-continental railways across the county are marvels of transportation. What witnesses of initiative are the nearby quarries—how eloquent of such names in Chase county as Emslie, Lantry, Parker, and Jones.


     Of those who were among the first to come to these clear­-running streams and fruitful valleys so few remain. Their years are close to the century count.


Page iv.


     Their days are few and yet what a consummation they have seen of the labors of that first generation to come to this county. Few as they are who have lived to see what has come to pass in the 75 years that have passed since Daniel Holsinger, good Dunkard that he was, came to the eastern part of the county, and "Old C. C. to the woods by Cedar Point, and Jane Miller to South Fork, the Shafts, to Silver creek, the Brandleys to Matfield Green and Brenot, the Indian trader, to French creek and Ephriam Pinkston who chose his homestead across from Brenot's and would have no other home in life or death. What a splendid group they were, those pioneers, and all that company of pathfinders.


     There are no more lands upon the earth for their kind to go over and possess. Nor is there adventure like to theirs remaining. A signal achievement, theirs. That it may not be forgotten, at least in the community that has been endowed by their sacrifices and blessed by their high example, this story of their coming, their toil and fidelity has been put together from the more or less fragmentary record but none the less worthy of honorable emulaton, which they have left us. Surely they merit remembrance.


D. A. Ellsworth, San Diego, California


1854


     MAY 8.--Franklin Pierce, President of the Uhited states, signs the Kansas-Nebraska bill by which Kansas is organized as a territory.


     Seth Millington Hays, of Council Grove, buys the land at the mouth of Diamond creek for a ranch. By a treaty with the Osage Indians the purchase of land by settlers had been provided for. William Harris is put in charge of this ranch.


     NOV. 28.-- The first election in Kansas, called by Governor Reeder, is held. The voting place for any chance residents living north of the Cottonwood river is Ingraham Baker’s house near Council Grove, while for the territory south of the river the polling place is Fort Scott.


1855


     MAY 22.—The election of November 28, having proved unsatisfactory, owing to frauds a second election held with a promise of no better results.


     Aug. 30—The KansasTerritorial Legislature adjourns after having adopted a code of laws under which Breckenridge


Page 1


     and Wise counties are established.


     James H. Fisher comes to Wise county and locates a claim at the junction of the Cottonwood and South Fork streams. This claim is the southwest quarter of section 26, township 19, range 8 east. James H. Fisher was born in Columbia county, Ohio, May 13, 1823. He lived with his parents on a farm and attended a district school. At the age of 20 years he went to Indiana, where he taught a term of school. He returned to Ohio, but the next year started west again, and taught for several years in Illinois and Missouri. In 1855 he reached Kansas and continued his journey seeking a farm, until he came to South Fork. Here he built a log cabin. His sweetheart in Ohio refusing to come west, neither of them ever married.


     DEC. 25.-The mercury registered 30 degrees below zero. The winter has been severe. James H. Fisher is living in his log cabin alone. The Indians often come to his cabin. They like to borrow his frying pan and as they use it to cook dog meat, Mr. Fisher keeps it well scoured. His nearest neighbors are Oliver Phillips, on 142-mile creek and C. H. Withington, on the Santa Fe trail in Breckinridge county. (Aside from the Hays ranch at the mouth of Diamond creek there was then no other settlement in the territory of what is now Chase county.)


     1856


     APRIL 6.-Three Dunkard families locate near the mouth of Jacobs creek, on the south bank of the Cottonwood. They are Daniel Holsinger, Nathan Cory, and Gabriel Jacobs. The latter is a minister and on the first Sabbath the ceremony of washing the feet of the denomination members is observed. The three families built log cabins at once. The family of Gabriel Jacobs consisted of five members: Gabriel, aged 71 years, and Elizabeth, his wife, 55 years old: Moses, 20; Daniel 17, and Charlotte 14. Daniel Holsinger's family consisted of his wife, Julia, aged 23 years; one son, William H., three years, and a daughter, Nancy, a babe of one year.  The father was 28 years old.  Nathan Corey and his wife formed the third family of this Dunkard colony.


     AUG. 6.-William Harris, who had for some years been a freighter on the plains, locates near the mouth of Diamond creek.


     Patrick Miller takes up a claim on South Fork two miles south of


Page 2


     James H. Fisher.


     The mail for settlers in the Cottonwood valley is thrown from the stages passing over the Santa Fe trail, at the home of C. H. Withington. Joseph Hadley gets it there and brings it down the Neosho valley and up the Cottonwood.


     1857


     FEB. 28.-Emporia is located by the Emporia Town Co. Milton Ford, George D., A. P. and J. H. Wentworth, H. L. Story, William Harpole, Peter Harpole, Jacob Ulrich, Jacob Noggle, Lewis Warner, Abraham Studebaker, Nelson Shellenbarger, Zenas Stotts, Ebenezar Stotts, Archibald and William Osborne, Philip and Lewis Peyton and Abram Studebaker settled in the Cottonwood valley from Jacobs creek to Fox creek.


     Selden Hesket, Trangott Hegwer, William and John Osmer, William Dixon, I. D. Rider, Augustus Howell, Patrick Deanes, George Long, Martin Shafer, Walter Watson, Charles Osmer, John Deanes, Carl B. Hegwer, Patrick Lawless, Thomas Lawless, R. B. Harris, George S. Thompson, George R Miller, and Samuel Bay preempt claims along Diamond creek.


     Cyrus G. Allen, Christopher Strieby, Thomas O'Donnell, Abraham Park, Christian Strieby, Joseph Hartley, George McNee, and Enoch Williams settle on Middle creek and its branches.


     Elias Bedinger, W. H. Shaft, Charles and Joseph Portrey, Riley Simmons, Christian Snavely, John W. Hawkins, John McGuire, Francis Bernard, E. W. Pinkston, C. C. Smith, Orlow H. Drinkwater, Walter S. Conant, James Renfro, John T. Sharp preempted claims along the upper Cottonwood and on Cedar creek.


     Charles S. Hills and Edward Hills, M. E. Morris, Joshua Davis, Isaac Alexander, Christopher Borders, Benjamin S. Fairchild, Manasses M. Flory, C. F. Cahoone, J. P. McElfresh, William Ervin, O. T. Lewis, Jacob Long, George N. Wells, Lipman Levy--these were among the first to preempt claims in the vicinity of the mouth of Fox creek and on Buck creek and Spring creek.


     John Miller settles on South Fork in this year. Charles Holden, the three Van Horn brothers, Henry Parker, Benedict Hazle, John Ryan, Michael Gleason, Dennis Gleason, Dr. I. R. Leonard, Bernard McCabe, J. Lane, Lot Leonard, Joseph E. Allison and N. H. Coyn preempt claims along South Fork.


Page 3


     JUNE 6.--The first number of the Kansas News appears. It is printed in Emporia and P. B. Plumb is the editor.


     AUG. 9.--Election is held in the 7th Council and the 10th Representative districts. Wise county is included in these. The territory lying west of Wise county is sparsely settled by Indian traders and isolated squatters. Wise and Breckinridge counties cast 266 votes for the Free State and seven for the Democratic members.


     AUG. 21.--The first meeting is held at Emporia to discuss railroads. Charles K. Holliday speaks for the Topeka and St. Joseph


     Hack lines have been established between Emporia and Lawrence by Dow and Walker.


     SEPT. 7.--The Lecompton convention is held.


     DEC. 5.--George Holsinger is born--the first white child born in the new community.


     DEC. 21.--The first election on the Lecompton constitution is held. The returns are overwhelmingly against it in the territory.


     DEC. 25.--Lafayette Hawkins is born-the first white child born in the upper Cottonwood valley.


     1858


     JAN. 1.--The cabins of the Hills brothers just east of the mouth of Fox creek are pillaged by the Indians and then burned.  Charles and Edward Hills had built their cabins ad joining each other in the summer of '57. They had gathered their crop of corn and piled it against their cabins. `During their absence in Emporia the Indians raided their homes. Charles Hills is postmaster.


     Michael Frachet is conducting a store just east of the mouth of French creek.


     Moses Shane locates on the site of Florence.


     JAN. 8.--Fourth territorial legislature meets at Lawrence.


     First assessment of property in Breckinridge county.


     MARCH.--The Kansas News of this date says: "Toledo, a new town is laid out 12 miles west of Emporia." In the same issue it is stated "twenty families in all, being a French colony from Missouri, having bought a large tract of land twenty miles west of Emporia will settle there this spring." (This colony was the colony that settled along the river between Silver and Brenot creeks. A town was plotted


Page 4


     and staked off about where Mrs. Howard Stevenson now lives. Stock in this enterprise wa sold in France and in the east. A store was established near the present home of Henry Williams. Michael Frachet conducted this business. Francis Bernard had brought with him a stock of goods when he came, intending to open a store, but he did not do so. Peter Robidoux, of St. Joseph, Mo., is said to have arranged for this colony. A mill was planned to be built just below the Brenot crossing of the Cottonwood west of Frachet's store.)


     MARCH 24.--"A new town 20 miles west of Emporia near the junction of the Cottonwood and Diamond creek, has been laid out," the Kansas News states. (This was the town of Poland, just north of the present town of Elmdale, on the farm of E. P. Allen. Cyrus Graves Allen was one of the founders of this town and it was strongly considered in locating the county seat.)


     MARCH 25.--The Leavenworth Constitutional convention is held. H. J. Espey represents Wise county.


     "A man from 60 miles west of Emporia, on the upper Cot-tonwood, brings a load of corn to the Emporia mill. Corn is plentiful along the Cottonwood at 75 cents a bushel.


     APRIL 24.--"Seven wagons, with a family in each, went through Emporia this week to the upper Cottonwood, and more than 100 head of cattle. They were from Missouri."


     William C. Shaft was drowned in the Cottonwood river while returning from a trip to Council Grove. His body was found some days later. The horse was found the day after the accident, near the Shaft home. William Harris told the writer that he was the one who found the body of Mr. Shaft.


     MAY 8.--James Dempsey is found murdered a half mile west of Toledo. Altamont Forward, a boy, is arrested for the crime.


     MAY 15.--A postoffice is established at Plymouth and a petition forwarded to Washington to establish a mail route from Emporia to Cottonwood Falls. A private mail route is to to be provided for the citizens of the community July 1.


     John Buchanan is appointed postmaster of the new town, Toledo.


     MAY 17.--A heavy frost is reported around Emporia.


     MAY 22.--There is great excitement over the discovery of gold near Pike’s Peak. The region is known as the “Kansas gold fields."


Page 5


     A number of men from Wise county start for the mines.


     In the election there are 28 votes cast in Falls township. This represents the county vote.


     JUNE 12.--Crops are looking well, harvest within two weeks.


     JUNE 23.--Francis Brichet and family locate on Cedar creek.


     JUNE 28.--Heavy rains bring the streams out of their banks. The wheat is washed away on the bottom lands.


     JULY.--First Congregational Church is organized in Emporia.


     AUG. 2.--The second election on the Lecompton constitution is held, 30 votes are cast against it in Cottonwood Falls precinct, and none for it. The constitution would have established slavery in Kansas. The total vote in Wise county is 65 against and six for the constitution.


     AUG.--Leigh McClung, Cornelius Campbell, and Charles Lynch are appointed by the commission of Breckinridge county to locate a road from Emporia to Plymouth and thence west to Cottonwood Falls.


     SEPT. 25.--The Kansas News prints these items relative to Wise county: "Forty families of the denomination of the Friends will come from North Carolina in the spring….Four wagons loaded with supplies for Diamond Springs passed up the Cottonwood en route from Kansas City. This promises to be the new Santa Fe way. Daniel Holsinger, living 10 miles west of Emporia has a three-roller cane mill and is selling syrup at 75 cents a gallon.


     OCT. 10.--Governor Denver resigns.


     OCT. 16.-The Land Sales are ordered postponed. (This was most welcome news to the settlers who had used their ready money to make improvements. Under the preemption act $1.25 per acre was to be paid for the land. The sale of the land would have meant great losses to the settlers. There were money-lenders at the land offices who charged as high as 20 per cent or more.   More than all this there was a feeling that the land sales were for the purpose of dispossessing free state settlers.)


     OCT. 16.-The Emporia News says; “Six families pass up the Cottonwood to locate near Cottonwood Falls.”


Page 6


     OCT. 19.--Samuel Medary is appointed governor of Kansas territory.


     OCT. 23.--"Parties of buffalo hunters pass through Emporia on their way to the Osage hunting grounds southwest of Cottonwood Falls."--Kansas News.


     "Bad news is being received from the settlers on the Walnut and Whitewater. There is much sickness and the Osages are acting ugly. A number of the settlers will return and spend the winter in the Cottonwood valley."--Kansas News.


     "Jeremiah Hadley is appointed minister for the Friends and calls a meeting for October 31st."--Kansas News.


     OCT. 30--Cottonwood Falls is reported as the most flourishing town in the Cottonwood valley. It has a semi-weekly mail with Emporia."--Kansas News.


     Corn is selling at Emporia for 20 cents a bushel.


     OCT 31.--The Friends organize their church at Toledo.


     NOV. 19.--Samuel Medary is appointed governor of Kansas territory.


     1858


     Among the settlers locating along the Cottonwood valley or the streams flowing into the Cottonwood this year are: Sid­ney A. Breese, J. G. Winnie, E. B. Popejoy, Mark Newton, K. J. Fink, Abraham Park, William Stone, John McGorkle, E. R. Hardesty, Isaac D. Cox, Richard W. Leppo, William, Gould, Solomon Ally, Matthias Kopf, James Cuenin, Elsie Legere, William Russell, John L. Rambo, George A. Williams, Allen R. Smith, Barzilla Gibson, John Buchanan, William Reese, Chris­topher Borders, Elizabeth Norton, John Sharp, David Sauble, C. F. Bichet, J. S. Mitchell, Carl H. Boenitz, William Keller, John W. S. Loy, J. M. Pherson and Jane.Miller.


     The births in the year of 1858 were: To Mr and Mrs. Cyrus G. Allen, of Middle creek, a son, George B.; to Mr. and Mrs. Carl H. Boenitz, a daughter, Medora; to Mr. and Mrs. Abram Studebaker a daughter, Hannah; to Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Dean, a daughter.


     1859


     JAN. 4.--The territorial legislature convenes.


Page 7


     JAN. 12.--The first Methodist church is organized at Cottonwood Falls. There are six members, four of whom are Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Finley, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Gandy. The pastor is the Rev. J. C. Fraker.


     FEB. 11.--The legislature organizes Chase county. It is to include all that part of Wise county lying south of Township line 17 and north of Township line 22. The survey of Chase county is completed this year.


     FEB. 11.--Governor Samuel Medary appoints J. M. Pherson, S. A. Breese and Frank Leonard as the Board of Supervisors.


     MARCH 9.--L. D. Hinckley locates in Cottonwood Falls and opens a store.


     MARCH 10.--William Copeland and family of eight came to Chase County from Iowa.


     MARCH 11 --The first meeting of the County Board of Supervisors is held at Cottonwood Falls. Sidney A. Breese is the chairman. The other members of the board present is Frank Leonard of Bazaar. The board provides for the three townships of Falls, Bazaar and Cottonwood and elections are called for March 26, as follows: Falls township at the home of Milton Ford, the inspectors to be J. M. Pherson, S. A. Breese, and Joshua C. Davis; Bazaar Township, at the home of Jonah Leonard, the inspectors to be Frank Leonard, Jeremiah Lane, and Stanley Bailey; Cottonwood township, at the home of Levin Daines, the inspectors to be John Gould, Levin Daines, and David Lewis. The following township clerks are appointed: Falls, Andrew W. Smith; Bazaar, George Leonardo; Cottonwood, C G Allen. The Clerk of the board of supervisors is Charles S. Hills.


     APRIL 1.--The Board of Supervisors for Chase county meets to canvass the election returns of March 26. The members present are S. A. Breese and J. M. Pherson.   Seventy-two votes were cast in the election, and the following are declared elected as the first county officers of Chase county: (County officers serve without pay) M. R. Leonard, probate judge; Andrew W. Smith, sheriff; Charles S. Hills, clerk of the probate court; Cyrus Graves Allen, county treasurer; Sidney A. Breese, register of deeds; John Wesley Hawkins, coroner; R. C. Farnsworth, superintendent of schools; Jonah F. R. Leonard,


Page 8


     county surveyor; Charles S. Hills, clerk of the board of supervisors. (M. R. Leonard, Andrew W. Smith, and R. C. Farnsworth each received 72 votes, the whole number cast.)


     Horace Greeley visits Kansas. He predicts a value of $100.00 an acre for valley lands.


     MAY 11.--A Democratic convention at Tecumseh urges the president to postpone the land sales for a year.


     MAY 21.--James L. Houston comes to Chase county.


     Samuel N. Wood and family locate one mile east of the Falls.


     MAY 30.--The Kansas Press, Volume I, Number 1, is printed at Cottonwood Falls. Samuel N. Wood is the editor. The subscription price is $1.50. The advertising matter is from Lawrence, Leavenworth and Emporia. (The first issue was printed under a cottonwood tree near where the Santa Fe station stands. At that time Cottonwood Falls had two log cabins only. There were three other towns in the county. Mail was carried by private parties. Falls township was then divided into three road districts with the following overseers: No. 1, William Harpole; No. 2, S. N. Wood; and No. 3, C. F. Cahoone. The overseers had ordered that all roads should be 80 feet wide and a poll tax of $20 on each "free male, white citizen" was assessed. This poll tax could be paid by work at the rate of 50 cents an hour. Thirteen roads were located during the year.


     MAY 30.--In the first issue of the Kansas Press, the editor says: "We know of no language sufficiently strong to express our contempt for an administration that for a petty spite persists in forcing the Kansas lands into market this season to the utter ruin of thousands of honest settlers."


     (The lands were to be sold for $1.25 an acre and cash was required. The settlers who had preempted lands did not have the cash, most of them having spent all the money they had for improvements upon the land. The order of sale was attributed to the malevolent spirit of the national administration brought about by the opposition of the Free State men to the measures of the administration. The sales were finally suspended.


     Twenty-five scholars subscribe for a school at the Falls.


Page 9


     Up to May 4, 2,938 men have passed through Diamond Springs bound for the Pike's Peak goldfields, or as they are called "the Kansas goldfields," the western boundary of Kansas extending to the Rocky mountain watershed.


     JUNE 2,.--John J. Osmer, of Diamond Springs, and Nancy Ann Fox, of Fox creek, are married by the Rev. Nathan Fairchild.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Fairchild, a daughter, Nancy.


     JUNE 2.--One hundred Kaw Indians in war paint ride into Council Grove under Hard Chief and after a angry demonstration shoot two white men. They retire before a company of white men hastily gathered to a short distance from the town. Word is sent to the settlers by messengers and soon many white men gather from Marion, Chase and Lyon counties. H. J. Espey is captain of the settlers. The Indians, seeing the number of the whites, consent to a parley and surrender the two men who committed the crimes. One of these is a popular young Kaw chief. The two Indians are hanged in Council Grove and their bodies returned to the Indians.


     The government buys 150,000 acres of Kaw lands and these are opened for settlement. The settlers already on these lands are given priority of purchase. The price is fixed at $1.75 an acre.


     JUNE 7.--The election is held for delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention. Falls township casts 53 votes. H. J. Espey and S. N. Wood received 84 and 87 votes respectively. The Kansas Press states that "Bazaar township should have cast 40 votes." The two men who represent this district are Winchell and McCulloch. The 17th district includes Morris, Osage, Breckinridge and Chase counties. William McCulloch lived at Cahola in "Old Breckinridge."


     "The Kaw lands, 20 miles square, in Morris county, are to be cleared of settlers. There are less than 300 Indians on the lands not an acre plowed by them, nor a house built. The settlers should resist."--Kansas Press.


     JUNE 7.--William C. Pracht, of Poland, and Mary J. Stott, of the Falls, are married. (W. C Pracht's home was on Diamond creek. He was a native of Germany.)


     JUNE 7.--James Tull and Mrs. Louisa Rains, both of the Falls, are married.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. James Fairchild, a daughter, Louisa.


Page 10


     JUNE 12.--A sabbath school is organized at the Falls. Enos Prather is superintendent and A. W. Smith is librarian.


     JUNE 13.--W. H. Eikenberry is postmaster at the Falls.


     Dr. Allen White's professional card appears in the Kansas Press; his home is in Americus but he practices through­out Chase county. (Dr. White was later treasurer of Chase county. He was the father of William Allen White, the novelist and editor of the Emporia Gazette.)


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. David Brazington, of Bazaar, a son, William; to Mr. and Mrs. Michael Frachet, a son; to Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Winner, a son, William; to Mr. and Mrs. P. G. Cook, a daughter, Kate.


     JUNE 20.--The Kansas Press doubts the advisability of organizing the Republican party in Kansas, at this time, to take the place of the Free State party.


     The Press speaks of Beache's ranch on Cow creek, 12 miles norh of the Arkansas river, where buffalo meat is being sugar-cured and smoked for the trade. Beache's ranch was the place where the Chase county men went twice a year to hunt buffalo.


     JUNE 26.--The Rev. J. C. Fraker preaches at the Falls. Uncle Sam is not sending a single mail into Chase county. There is a weekly private mail from Cottonwood City via Poland. Crops are reported very backward on account of the heavy rains. (The famous drought of '60 began in June of '59). William Harpole has 75 acres in corn and the Peytons, the Hills, and the Reeves have very fine fields of wheat.


     M. L. Morris, of Holton, arrives with his family. One hundred families settle in Chase county within 30 days. Chase Center has just been plotted. It is about two miles southwest of the Osage crossing, in 33-19-7. Plans are made to celebrate the Fourth of July there. A hack line is organized at Americus for a route from Lawrence to Cottonwood Falls via Americus. Riley Simmons has his left hand shattered by the explosion of a gun.


<

     JULY 2.--The A. P. Gandy family located in Cottonwood Falls. The Aaron B. Watson family comes to Chase county.


     JULY 11.--John Carter, of Guilford, N. C., visits the Falls to determine the location of a mill. S. N. Wood has a lightning rod put up on his log cabin. William Eickenberry, of Plymouth, advertises as a blacksmith. S. A. Breese leaves for Ohio.


Page 11


     C M. Vore will act as register of deeds during Mr. Breese's absence. Wheat and corn promise a large harvest for Chase county. Mrs. Jane Shaft has 50 acres of fine corn and wheat.


     JULY 27.--Jane Pine sues William Pine for divorce. Their marriage in '57 was the first in this county. Their divorce also will be the first in this county. Enos Prather's house west of the Falls, is struck by lightning. Dr. J. M. Cole locates in the Falls. Messrs. Leonard are building a saw mill near Bazaar. There are 7,000 Indians camped on the Little Arkansas and grave fears are held for their intentions.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. Lane, a daughter, Esther.


     AUG. 1.--Toledo now has four families on the townsite. The town has been partly surveyed but there is no well there. Water is being hauled one-half a mile! The proprietors are all about gone and no interest is shown in the town . There is a postoffice there, also a good set of blacksmith tools.


     Cyrus G. Allen writes from Chase Center: "There are good claims, bottom land, on Middle, Diamond and Cedar creeks. Chase Center is the geographical center of Chase county. It has a spring of water large enough to supply a steammill. No one will be admitted to the town association who is not a citizen of Chase county.


     Aug. 1.--S. E. Yeoman comes to Chase county.


     S. N. Wood states that when he came to Chase county in March he hired a couple of slaves from an acquaintance to work during the summer. He denounces the lies about this incident. The Kansas Press urges its readers to vote for the Wyandotte Constitution. The Kansas Press is moved to Council Grove on August 29. W. Harpole has first mowing machine in Chase county.


     SEPT 17.--J. H. Murdock arrives in Chase county.


     The district convention is held at the Falls and S. N. Wood is nominated for representative to the territorial legislature. The district includes Morris, Chase and Madison counties.


     John Rogler and family locate near Matfield Green. William Hugh is shot and hung by settlers east of Cottonwood Falls. He was a German and had had considerable trouble with his neighbors over cattle. William Harpole, Joseph Burrell and Milton Ford were bound over to the district court for the offense.


Page 12


     Justice Pherson presided at the preliminary and the state was represented by J. M. Rankin. The defense was conducted by L. D. Bailey, R. M. Ruggles, S. N. Wood and J. H. Watson.


     OCT 1.--George W. and Ann Yeager come to Bazaar, also the E. A. Alford family.


     The drouth of '59 and '60 continues.


     OCT. 10.--Arth Miller locates on South Fork. He walked from Lawrence.


     OCT. 15.--H. J. Espey is nominated at Cottonwood Falls by the Democratic convention for state senator.


     Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Finley and son, Gideon, locate at the Falls.


     John Brown raids Harper's Ferry.


     The Republicans nominate a ticket in Chase county, the first.


     OCT. 20.--Fifty tons of hay belonging to S. N. Wood are burned by an incendiary.


     OCT. 31.--The home of S. N. Wood is robbed and set on fire.


     NOV. 2.--The board of supervisors orders the following roads: From Cottonwood Falls up Diamond creek to the north line of the county, the viewers to be George Long, Henry Reeve, and William Dixon; from Cottonwood Falls to Bazaar and on the south line of the county, the viewers to be J. F. R. Leonard, A. W. Smith, and Wilson Davis; from Cottonwood Falls, via Osage Trail crossing, to Avoca (one mile south of Cedar Point), the viewers to be Ephriam W. Pinkston, John W. Hawkins, and Isaac Alexander.


     NOV. 3.--The windiest day of the season. The rivers are very low.


     NOV. 8.--Chase county casts 126 votes for M. J. Parrott, for congress. The board of supervisors votes to submit the location of the county seat to the voters at the election in Decem­ber, 1859.


<

     Patrick Doyle locates on Doyle creek, in Marion county. A trading post is located at Cottonwood Crossing in Marion county (Moore ranch.)


     Born during the year '59: to Mr. and Mrs. Romigh, a son, Lewis; to Mr. and Mrs. E. Stotts, a daughter; to Mr. and Mrs. Rakestraw, a son; to Mr. and Mrs. William Stone, a son, James R.;


Page 13


     to Mr. and Mrs. Laningham, a son, Albert; to Mr. and Mrs. Augustus Howell a daughter, Virginia.


     NOV. 11.-- Fierce cold wind with snow.


     The first tax is levied. It is 7 mills for county purposes and 3 mills for schools.


     Among those who located here in the year '59 are Edward C Holmes, George Houston, Boone Harris, Henry Haun, P. G. Cook, R. C Farnsworth, William Holsinger, John Maxwell, Holace Balch, A. W. Williams, Valetine Shaw, Enoch Wiliams, Jeremiah Nowlan, John Mack, William L. Lyon, Daniel Romigh, Enos Prather, A. W. Smith, Albert Stewart, Henry Hilbrant, Henry Brandley, John McDill, J. B. Hodgin, Orin Wisel, R. M. Newton, Charles W. Rogler, Albin Brandley, Benjamin Fairchild, L. D. Hinckley, A. J. Shipman and A. F. Fossett.


     C. G. Allen is an independent candidate against S. N. Wood for state senator.


     Chase county votes again almost unanimously Republican, showing how closely Chase county settlers are in harmony with the Free State principles. Charles Robinson received 109 votes and Samuel Medary 10, for governor. S. N. Wood receives 106 votes for state senator and H. J. Espey 9; P. G. D. Morton and A. J. Shipman are elected representatives; O. E. Leonard was elected judge of fifth judicial district; M. E. Leonard, probate judge; S. A. Breese, clerk of the district court; J. Aljoe, superintendent of schools.


     NOV. 12.--Chase county votes 150 to 1 for M. J. Parrott for delegate to congress. Falls cast every vote for him.


     Gold seekers are returning from Pike's Peake. They pronounce the Cottonwood route better than the Santa Fe trail through Council Grove. The two trails meet at Muddy creek.


     NOV. 19.--The Emporia News says: "Emigrants seeking a place to locate will do well to look at the rich vacant lands of Chase county."


     NOV. 20.--James Pringle and family come to Chase county.


     NOV. 26.--"L. D. Hinckley, a miller, is building a dam across the Cottonwood river at Cottonwood Falls. It will be done within two weeks."--The Emporia News.


     DEC. 21.--Professor Campbell speaks in the Falls in the interests of the American Bible society.


Page 14


     1860


     JAN. 1.--Alfred Harpole and Jane Miller, daughter of Mrs. Jane Miller, of South Fork, are married.


     J. T. Pratt and family locate on Middle Creek.

     Gideon Elias makes the first survey of the Falls.


     JAN. 7.---Sophia Ann Osmer of Diamond creek, marries Adolphus Smith, of Lawrence.


     Ann Yeager teaches the first school at Bazaar.


     John Carter, who has been in Chase county arranging for a colony of Friends from North Carolina, is arrested upon his return to the south as a possible ally of John Brown.


     Born: To Mr. and Mrs. Orin Wisel, a son, George.


     S. N. Wood petitions the legislature to extend the east line of Chase county.


     JAN. 17.-Marion county is organized with a population of 74.


     JAN. 21.--Cyrus G. Allen of Middle creek, visits Emporia. A. G. Proctor, merchant, returns with him bringing groceries dry goods, to trade with the Indians encamped on Cottonwood, Diamond and Middle creeks. About 50 Kaws under the chief Ebesungee are encamped on Mr. Allen's place. They are tanning and dressing buffalo robes brought in from their fall hunt on the plains. Mr. Proctor secures 500 wolf skins and a quantity of furs.


     JAN. 26.--C. C. Hassler and Mary A. Morehead are married.


     FEB. 4.--Lot Leonard and Juletta Lane are married.


     FEB. 18.--A party of Kaw Indians steal a keg of whiskey from Loy's store at the Falls. They get drunk and in a quarrel two bucks and a squaw are killed. The citizens take steps to have the Indians removed.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Pherson, a daughter, Ida.


     FEB. 25.--Cromwell, representative from Johnson county, accuses S. N. Wood of suppressing part of a report of the committee on claims. Wood denies the charge in such a way as to anger Cromwell and the latter rushes upon Wood with bowie knife. Wood catches his uplifted hand and punishes him severely. Members interfere and Cromwell apologizes.


     MARCH 3.--A party of five men start for the gold fields from Chase county.


     MARCH 24.--C. G. Allen writes to the Emporia News that two mills are in


Page 15


     process of building in Chase county and another will be started during the summer.


     A school is to be opened in the Middle creek settlement this summer and a Christian church was organized last winter, and is in a prosperous condition.


     MARCH 24.--L. D. Hinckley expects to have the mill at the Falls in operation by May 15.


     L. D. Hinckley and Isaac Alexander, proprietors of North Cottonwood Falls townsite, will give one-fourth of the lots to the county to aid in the erection of a courthouse.


     There is great need of rain.


     MARCH 24.--Toledo and Diamond creek townships are formed by the board of supervisors. The board consists of A. Howell, B. McCabe, and C. F. Cahoone.


     MARCH 30.--The board of supervisors meets to canvass the returns. James Pringle, J. B. Smith, and R. M. Newton are sworn in as members of the board. Sidney A. Breese is appointed assessor.


     APRIL.--The census of Chase county in 1860 is commenced. Sidney A. Breese is in charge of the work. It will require three months.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Wagoner, a son.


     APRIL 16.--W. S. Smith is appointed county treasurer. The Chase county Republican convention is held with Judge Leonard as chairman and Cyrus G. Allen, secretary. M. R. Leonard is elected delegate to the convention at Lawrence.


     John Mack is appointed agent for S. N. Wood in Chase county.


     The home of S. N. Wood in Council Grove is burned by incendiaries.


     APRIL 17.--Administration granted estate of Carl B. Hegwer.


     The first schoolhouse in Chase county is built at Bazaar. It is a log house.


     John Sharp dies on Sharps creek.


     MAY 5.--C Fearns and family locate near Bazaar.


     MAY.--President Buchanan orders all public lands sold to the highest bidder on September 10. This order creates a panic in Chase county as hundreds of the settlers have not yet paid for their lands. A majority of settlers coming only last year had expected a reasonable time would be given for making improvements and paying for the land.


Page 16


     Some have broken a few acres and planted wheat or corn. Now the drouth is on, crops are a failure. Some will have to sell teams, stock, and household goods to save their claims. Others will abandon their places and go further west where they may be free from land sharks. Others must hire land warrants at enormous rates of interest and pre-empt their lands. A land warrant is quoted at $128 in the New York markets but here the loan sharks are asking as much as $240 upon a year's time-over 5 per cent a month is asked. Speculators are already over­running the country spying out the best selections. An appeal to the president is to be made the Emporia News says.


     MAY 15.--J. S. Doolittle and family locate at Clements.

     J. H. Scribner and family locate on Fox creek.


     JUNE 2.--A. Buchanan is postmaster at Toledo; L. D. Hinckley, at the Falls; G. M. L. Leonard, at Bazaar.


>

     Born to Mr. and Mrs. Carl Boenitz, a daughter.


     JULY 2.--Mrs. John Mack presents the Kansas Press with two cheeses made from a Chase county dairy.


     JULY 2.--The road up Diamond creek is annulled owing to dissatisfaction among the people of that district. The road from Hayworth's mill to Toledo is ordered. J. M. McDill is appointed trustee for Cottonwood township.


     JULY 3.--A petition for a road from Osage crossing up Middle creek is filed and J. B. Shipman, George Collett, and C. G. Allen are appointed viewers. The Cottonwood Falls Avoca road is ordered surveyed. A road from the north end of Broadway, in the Falls, to the east line of the county is ordered surveyed by August 10. The road down South Fork from Bazaar to Vernon is ordered laid out. T. H. Dunlap, J. B. Hodgson and Arch Miller are the viewers of this road.


     C G. Allen kills a buffalo wolf measuring six feet from tip to tip--the largest shot in the county.


     JULY 4.--The Fourth is celebrated by the settlers of the county at Mrs. Jane Shaft's, on Silver creek. Sidney A. Breese is the presiding officer and Cyrus G. Allen opens the meeting with prayer. J. B. Smith reads the Declaration of Independence and three cheers are given for the "Signers." There is an essay by C G. Allen, and addresses by J. M. McDill and Col. N. B. Moulton, Mrs. Shaft and daughters served a fine dinner and the settlers dance until late in the night.


Page 17


     The Cottonwood Falls folk reach home in the early morning. (G. W. Brown, judge of the district court, reports the affair for the Emporia News.)


     John Mack has 18 head of sheep. He makes 100 per cent profit on his investment.


     JULY 11.--J. M. McDill is chairman and W. S. Conant is secretary of a mass meeting held at Cottonwood Falls. A committee is appointed to direct the campaign against the sale of land on September 10, as ordered by President Buchanan. A petition is signed by 125 settlers to postpone the sales for one year and forwarded it to the president. Another mass meeting is called for August 1. The members of the committee are A. S. Williams, W. S. Conant, William Maxwell, Walter Watson, Theodore H. Dunlap, A. W. Smith, J. M. McDill, A. Studebaker and M. R. Leonard.


     The "Wind Wagon" arrives in Council Grove having made 125 miles in 48 hours. It is propelled by the wind and is making a trial trip across the plains.


     Kit Carson comes to Diamond creek. He is organizing a party for the gold digging across the mountains.


     Wagon trains are passing constantly up the Cottonwood valley en route to Pike's Peak. One wagon has this sign "Bond for Pks. Pk. thru or bust I. B. Glaspy & famale."


     "The new road from Emporia to El Dorado crosses the Cottonwood three miles west of Emporia and follows the south bank to Jacobs creek eight miles west and from there south west to Indian creek, one mile above Bazaar (South Fork.) It follows up Indian creek for ten miles to the old road at Lannum's crossing and from there to Chelsea."-- The Emporia News.


     No trace can be found of David Ramsey who left Cottonwood Falls in May for Council Grove.


     JULY 7.--President Buchanan vetoes the Homestead bill. It protects preemptors. The order of the president of May will compel hundreds of settlers to lose their claims. Not one-tenth of the settlers have preempted their claims yet although they have improved the places they have located upon, and they are still unable to do so. All of Marion county is included with Chase county in the order. This is a blow at Free Kansas.


     A plot of Cottonwood Falls is filed.


Page 18


     JULY 12.--Letters of administration granted estate of Frederick K. Pracht.


     JULY 14.--A little son of Mrs. Nancy Ann White is missing. Her son, young Lannum, had ordered some Indians away from the place and it is feared that they may have stolen the child by way of revenge.


     JULY 21.--Most of the provisions for the troops stationed at Pawnee Rock and other posts on the plains are provisioned from the Cottonwood Valley. Corn is bringing 40c.


     Land warrants are selling in New York for $140.80 for 160 acres.


     AUGUST 1.--The mass meeting to protest against the land sales is held at Cottonwood Falls. It is large and enthusiastic. R. M. Newton presides and M. R. Leonard is secretary. A committee is appointed to wait on the Register of Lands at Junction City. This committee is to consist of J. F. R. Leonard, Henry Reeve, James Pringle and William Shaft. Another committee is appointed to attend the sale and prevent the sales of lands now occupied by settlers, but not yet preempted. This committee consists of M. R. Leonard, J. M. McDill., and J. R. Shipman. All citizens are to attend en masse to forbid any person from bidding on occupied lands "on pealty of death." A vigilance committee is appointed to hold office for one year to investigate violations. It is resolved that any citizens who enter any lands of citizens of Chase county after the sale forfeit their lives. This committee is to consist of William L. Houston and John W. Hawkins, for Cottonwood township; Cyrus Brown, Riley Simmons, John Brandt, Smith Williams, A. W. Smith, Aaron Watson and William Smith, for Falls township; E. A. Alford, R. M. Newton, B. McCabe and Jerry Lane, for Bazaar township; E. F. Williams, A. F. Fossett, John Maxwell, S. Hegwer and William Dixon, for Diamond creek. It is agreed that force shall be the last argument.


     AUGUST 11.--A wagon train passes down the Cotton­wood valley with 24 wagons of wool from Fort Union.


     AUGUST 29.--Administration granted estate of Frederick Holestine.


     Grasshoppers appear in great swarms.


     SEPT. 15.--J. W. McDill, of the upper Cottonwood, reports to the 'Kansas News that crops are very short in Chase count, owing to the drouth, but most of the people will stay there this winter.


Page 19


     SEPT. 20.--William Dixon and Harriet Shear are married.


     OCT. 15.--The Marion precinct in Marion county is authorized by the supervisors of Chase county. James Renfro, Phillip Hoffman and P. P. Houck are made inspectors of the election. A county tax of 7 mills is fixed. The county treasurer, W. S. Smith, is authorized to draw 6 per cent from all fees for collecting the same, which amounts to $6.65.


     OCT. 17--A mass meeting is called at Emporia to consider the needs of the sufferers from the drouth. Chase county is included in the call, for October 27.


     The Middle Creek road is declared a legal highway.


     OCT. 27--Sheriff Morris of Chase county states that aside from two or three wealthier families the entire population has less than a month's supply of provisions. They have no corn­meal, no flour can be bought for love or money-- and there really is no money. A central Kansas Relief association is organized. J. M. Pherson and John T. Watkins are appointed members from Cbase county. An appeal for aid is authorized.


     OCT. 27--A heavy rain falls, breaking the drouth which has continued since June of last year. During the drouth 30,000 people left Kansas. Aid is necessary and Theodore Hyatt visits the state to organize aid socities.


     L. D. Hinckley is paid $8.00 for house rent for the county.


     NOV. 9-The Board of County Commissioners meet to canvass the vote of Chase county. The following are declared elected: N. B. Moulton, representative; George Williams, county clerk; W S. Smith, treasurer; John Buchanan, county assessor; S. A. Breese, county attorney; J. B. Hodgin, county superintendent Williams and Alford are tied for county commissioner--Williams wins the "lot."


     NOV. 10--A meeting is held in Cottonwood Falls to oppose the election of S. N. Wood to the legislature. Those present are Thomas White, Thomas Huffaker, E. W. Pinkston, J. B. Smith, L. D. Hinckley, M. A. Morris, Dr. Lacy, M. R. Leonard and T. H. Dunlap. Smith speaks for the Falls; Leonard for South Fork, and Pinkston for the Cottonwood valley.


     OCT. 21--Letters of administration granted in estate of William Hugh.


Page 20


     A large number of buffaloes came into Chase county from the plains. The settlers are required to keep their haystacks well fenced.


     DEC. 14--Letters of administration granted estates of Cornelius Fearns and John Handsprich.


     Among those who settled in Chase county in 1860 were the following: Abram Beals near Toledo; Andrew Swanson near Elmdale; Henry Collett on Middle creek; George Collett on Middle creek; J. T. Pratt on Middle creek; J. S. Shipman near Elmdale ; William Maxwell on Middle creek.


     Born: to Mr. and Mrs. Brenot, a daughter, Lucy; to Mr. and Mrs. Trangett Hegwer, a daughter, Louisa; Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Holsinger, a son, Walter; Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Williams, a son, Delbert; Mr. and Mrs. Lot Leonard, a daughter, Elizabeth.


     1861


     JAN. 7--Lot Leonard is allowed $1.50 by the commissioners for "driving steaks" on a road survey.


     JAN. 9--The South Fork road from Bazaar to Vernon is ordered.


     J. F. R. Leonard resigns as county surveyor and E. F. Williams is appointed. The county commissioners allow $5 for stationery for the county clerk's office.


     JAN. 29--Kansas is admitted as a state--the strenuous "territorial days" are over.


     The plat of "North Cottonwood Falls" is filed by L. D. Hinckley, J. B. Pherson and J. B. Smith. The plat of "Cottonwood Falls" had been filed by S. N. Wood and others some time before, including that part lying south of Union street.


     FEB.--Daniel Nogle and Ellen Shananhan are married.


     MARCH--A Sunday school is organized at Mrs. Shaft's, on Silver creek.


     MARCH 24--William Van Cleve and Mrs. Jane Hicks are married.


     APRIL 1--A petition is filed for a road from North Cottonwood Falls up the valley to the west county line.

     Christian Schnavely and Mary Ellen Copeland are married.


Page 21


     APRIL 2--John W. S. Loy asks for a license to sell intoxicating liquors, and "a bond being executed a license is granted for a liquor saloon and grocery."


     APRIL 12--Fort Sumpter is fired upon.


     APRIL 15--President Lincoln calls for troops.


     APRIL 22--All male citizens between 21 and 45 years of age declared to be a part of the state militia. Kansas provider for 11 regiments.


     MAY--President Lincoln calls for 400,000 men. The First and Second Kansas regiments are recruited.


     JUNE 20--The Second Kansas is formed at Lawrence. Charles S. Hills is First Lieutenant of Co. H. S. N. Wood is captain of Company I.


     JUNE 26--The Second Kansas leaves for Clinton, Mo.


     AUG. 10--The battle of Wilson's creek is fought. In leading the Second Kansas, Colonel Mitchell is wounded and General N. Lyon is killed. Out of 644 men, the First Kansas has 77 men killed and 333 wounded. The Second Kansas also lost heavily.


     JUNE--A road is asked from Bazaar to Cedar Point. G. W. Yeager, George Leonard and E. W. Pinkston are appointed viewers.


     JUNE 30--John Van Buskirk and Sarah Ann Olesberry are married.


     JULY 15--A. P. Gandy is appointed county treasurer, and W. S. Romigh, county attorney.


     A. F. Baker is paid $60 for printing delinquent tax list for Chase county.


     Six mills levied as county tax for '61. The two county roads are declared public highways. The plat for the state road from Emporia through Chase county to El Dorado is filed.


     JUNE 20--S. N. Wood is mustered in as Captain of Co. I, Second Kansas infantry.


     SEPT. 6--Henry Brandley leaves Matfield Green for Emporia to enlist in Co. B, Ninth cavalry, Kansas volunteers.


     SEPT 21.--Henry Reeve enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas.


     OCT. 10--Sidney A. Breese enlists in Independent Company Kansas Rangers. (He was later transferred to the Sixth Missouri cavalry.


Page 22


     OCT. 26--Adrew J. Burdick enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry.


     NOV. 15--Isaac Alexander enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry.


     NOV. 8--The vote of Chase county indicates the loyalty of citizens to Union cause, every vote cast being for Samuel J. Crawford for governor, 83 in all. C. Columbia is elected representative; R. M. Ruggles, district judge. E. A. Alford, probate judge; Asa Taylor, county commissioner; John S. Doolittle, clerk of the district court; J. B. Hodgin, county clerk; A. S. Williams, sheriff; Samuel Buchanan county treasurer; A. P. Gandy, register of deeds; J. F. R. Leonard, county superintendent; L. D. Hinckley, county coroner; E. F. Williams, county surveyor. For the state capital, Topeka, 42; Leavenworth, 39.


     NOV. 18--John W. Reeve enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry. He is 58 years old and has a wife and five children.


     Plat of state road from Minneola to Santa Fe is filed. The cost to Chase county is $21.


     Dennis Gleason is paid $5.00 for bringing a package of laws from Topeka.


     M. R. Leonard resigns as probate judge of Chase county.


     NOV. 27–M. R. Leonard warns the people of Chase county that the Cherokees are planning a raid into the county. He received the information from Captain John R. Reim through Captain P. G. D. Morton who comes from the Walnut country. Governor Robinson is urged to send five companies of troops.


     DEC. 5--Patrick B. McCabe enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry. S. Plummer also enlists.


     DEC. 6--A. B. Watson enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry. Robert Madden enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry. Vincent W. Williams enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas cavalry.


     The State road is established from Emporia through Cottonwood Falls to Beach's ranch on the Arkansas. C. G. Allen is one of the commissioners.


     DEC. 14--The sheriff, John Mack, sells the Henry Parker farm on South Fork; $300 is bid for the 160 acres. (This was later a part of the Frank Lee ranch, selling for $150 an acre in 1917.)


Page 23


     William Shaft and Rhoda Prather are married.


     DEC. 15--Nelson Shellenbarger and Amanda Spencer are married.


     DEC. 31--School districts numbered from 1 to 8 have been organized in Chase county during the past month, as follows: No. 1 was organized on December 1. The meeting to organize the district was held at the home of E. F. Williams. J. S. Shipman, George B. Houston, and Henry L. Hilbrant were elected members of first school board of district No. 1. No. 2 was organized December 2 at the home of H. L. Hunt. The school board elected consisted of Riley Simmons, H. L. Hunt, and W. H. Shaft. No. 3 was organized on December 4. The meeting was at the home of Orlow Drinkwater, January 4, 1862, and Ephriam W. Pinkston, Orlow H. Drinkwater and C R. Roberts were made members of the school board. No. 4 was organized on December 5. The school meeting was held at the home of George Long, on December 28. George Long, Seldon Hesket and Augustus Howell comprised the board. No. 5 was organized on December 5 at the home of Horace Balch. The meeting of January 4, 1862, elected Lucy R. Allen, George Collett and Horace Balch to the school board. Lucy R. Allen was the first woman elected to serve on a school board in Chase county. No. 6 was formed December 9. The school meeting was held December 25, in Cottonwood Falls. No. 7 was organized December 14 and the first meeting was held at the home of E. A. Alford. No. 8 was organized on December 9. The first meeting was held at the home of James Mitchell on January 4, 1862. Charles W. Rogler, William Bailey and John Maxwell were elected members of the school board.


     All the above school districts were large, some of them very large. District No. 3, for example, included 72 sections of land and extended to the south line of the county. The first school taught under this organization was in the year 1862.


     DEC. 31--Born during the year 1861: To Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hawkins, a son, Henry; Mr. and Mrs. John O'Byrne, a son, James; Mr. and Mrs. William Dixon, a son, William; Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus G. Allen, a daughter, Clara L.; Mr. and Mrs. Seldon Heskett, a son, James; Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Crawford, a daughter, Amanda.


Page 24


     1862


     JAN. 2-School district No. 9 is organized.


     JAN. 10-School district No. 10 is organized.


     JAN. 18--The voters of district No. 9 meet at the home of Samuel Buchanan and elect Abram Beals, Asa Taylor and John Crawford as members of the school board.


     JAN. 20-The voters of district No. 10 meet at the home of Charles Osmer and organize the board, consisting of Barzilla Gibson, Samuel Murdock and John Miller.


     JAN. 25-One thousand Indians, mostly Creeks, pass through Bazaar on their way from Chelsea to Emporia, where they are to be cared for by the government. They have been driven out of the Indian territory by the proslavery Indians. The refugees are anxious to join Lane's troops and fight on the Union side. A number of the farmers about Bazaar assist in transporting these Indians through Chase county.


     FEB. 5-Breckenridge county is renamed Lyon county.


     FEB. 20--David W. Mercer and Mary Lake are married at Council Grove. (D. W. Mercer is the man who named Matfield Green for his former home in England.)


     MARCH 1--Roland P. Murdock, of Bazaar, enlists in Co. B, Ninth Kansas.


     Orlow H. Drinkwater enlists.


     MARCH 15--The election for locating the permanent county seat of Chase county is called for August.


     George Balch and Cyrus G. Allen, of Middle creek, en­list together in the Fifth Kansas cavalry.


     APRIL 3--John McGrath and Mrs. Nancy Ann White are married at Bazaar.


     APRIL 8--William Lyon enlists in Co B, Ninth Kansas cavalry.


     APRIL 20--William Lyon, Co. B, Ninth cavalry, died at Atchison, of pneumonia. (He was a brother of Mrs. S. N. Wood and Mrs. E. W. Pinkston. )


     MAY 3-Four wagons, drawn by 50 head of oxen, form a wagon train leaving Bazaar for Iowa.


     MAY 20--The Homestead law is passed this year. It requires five years residence (excepting time of service in the army) and the payment of a very small fee. One hundred and sixty acres is allowed to the head of a family. The homestead is exempt from debt.


Page 25


     JUNE 26--Terrific wind and hail storm sweeps down the Cottonwood valley.


     JULY 4--Robert Bailey is shot and killed by Wise, near Marion. Wise is brought to the Falls and has his trial before Squire Gandy.


     JULY 5--The Cottonwood Falls mail leaves Emporia on Thursday and Saturday mornings, at 4 o'clock.


     JULY 12--Thomas Norton enlists in Co. I, Ninth Kansas. Jake Mann enlists in Co. H., Seventh Kansas cavalry.


     L. O. Mann enlists in Co. M., 11th Kansas cavalry.


     S. M. Wood enlists in the Sixth Missouri cavalry.


     Jesse F. Mann enlists in Co. I., Tenth Kansas Volunteer infantry.


     AUG. 2--A postoffice is to be established at the home of Mr. Billings, in Marion county. The mail goes from Cottonwood Falls weekly for Beach's ranch by Marion. Marion county is attached to Chase county for judicial purposes.


     AUG. 16--Colonel P. B. Plumb calls for 100 men for the 11th Kansas from Chase county and five other counties.


     AUG. 18--Albin Brandley enlists in Co. C., 11th Kansas volunteer cavalry.


     AUG. 19--The vote is canvassed for the location of a permanent county seat: for, 80; against, 48.


     The tax for 1862 is fixed at 14 mills and three mills for schools.


     SEPT. 2--Co. C., 11th Kansas, leaves Emporia for Fort Leavenworth under command of Col. P. B. Plumb.


     SEPT. 7--John H. Ford and Sarah D. Justice are married.


     SEPT. 9--Theodore H. Dunlap enlists in Co. F., Second Kansas.


     Cyrus M. Brown enlists in Co. F., Second Kansas.


     James W. Brown, farrier, enlists in Co. F., Second Kansas.


     George M. L. Leonard enlists in Co. D., Second Kansas. (He was taken prisoner while on escort duty in the Cherokee Nation, September 19, 1864. After the war Leonard did not return to Chase county.)


     William Osmer enlists in Co. D., Second Kansas.


     SEPT. 13--School district No. 12 is formed. The first meeting is held at the home of Abraham Studebaker.


     SEPT. 21--Thomas Peyton and Louisa Oldberry are married.


Page 26


     OCT. 1--John L. Drinkwater dies at Cedar Point, aged 22 years.


     OCT. 11--Dr. Lacy is seriously injured at the Falls, while drying gun powder in the stove.


     NOV. 7--The vote of Chase county is as follows: For governor: Thomas Carney, 107; W. R. Wagstaff, 11; state senator: M. R. Leonard, 105; W. B. Howell, 15; county superintendent: A. S. Howard; clerk of the court: J. S. Shipman ; probate judge: James S. Mitchell; representative: E. A. Alford. The vote on the location of the county seat results in favor of Cottonwood Falls by a vote of 74 to 26 for Poland (a mile northeast of Elmdale) and two for Bazaar. So Cottonwood Falls becomes the county seat of Chase county.


     D. F. Drinkwater is paid $75 for assessing Chase county.


     DEC. 31--Born in Chase county during the year: to Mr. and Mrs. Morris Moore, a son, Theodore B.; to Mr. and Mrs. John Brenot, a son, John; to Mr. and Mrs. K. J. Fink, a son , Ernest; to Mr. and Mrs. William Keller, a son, Edward; to Mr. and Mrs. Trangott Hegwer, a son, Frank; to Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Gandy, a son, Chester; to Mr. and Mrs. George Collett, a daughter, Alice; to Mr. and Mrs. John McCorkle, a son, John; to Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Bales, a son, Thomas; to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Spurgeon, a son, John; to Mr. and Mrs. Asa Taylor, a daughter, Orissa ; to Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Watson, a son, Charles; to the Rev. and Mrs. William Holsinger, a daughter, Sarah; to Mr. and Mrs. Christian Snavely, a daughter, Malinda; to Mr. and Mrs. Lot Leonard, a son, John B.; to Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Dunlap, a daughter; to Mr. and Mrs. Alford, a daughter, Lucy.


     1863


     JAN. 3--John H. Doolittle is elected trustee of Falls township.


     JAN. 30--John H. Costello and Abbie Wise, of Marion county, are married at Cottonwood Falls.


     FEB.--Legislature detaches a strip of land two miles wide from Lyon county and attaches this to Chase county.


     FEB. 7--Daniel Holsinger dies, aged 35 years.


     MARCH 16--Administration is granted on estate of Daniel Holsinger.


Page 27


     S. N. Wood organizes the Morris county Rangers.


     APRIL 16--Samuel O. Mann enlists in Co. Q., Tenth Kansas infantry.


     MAY 2--Administration letters are granted on estate of Daniel Shipley.


     MAY 11--C. F. Laloge and Marie Eugenie Hallotte are married.


     Dick Yeager, outlaw, kills Augustus Howell at Diamond Springs and wounds Mrs. Howell.


     JUNE 6 --Edwin C. Hinckley enlists in Co. D., Ninth Kansas. M. E. Yeomans enlists in the 15th Kansas.


     JULY 1--Henry L. Hilbrant of Elmdale, enlists in C'o. M., Ninth Kansas. Kasimir J. Fink enlists in Co. M., Ninth Kansas. John Wesley Hawkins enlists in Co. M., Ninth Kansas. Richmond Fritz enlists in Co. M., Ninth Kansas. Sue Martin, John Ball and David M. Bailiff enlist in Co. H., 15th Kansas.


     JULY 23--John Norton and Anderson S. Sharp enlist in Co. I., Ninth Kansas.


     AUG. 1--John E. Dietrich enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. William A. Faucett enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. Joseph Hartley enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. William H. Hodson enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. Francis E. Smith enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. (Promoted to second lieutenant October 2, 1863.) Isaac Winner enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. Eli Wade enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas. (Deserted June 29, 1865.)


     AUG. 3--G. W. Williams is paid $175 for his log house and lot by the county commissioners. The building is to serve as a courthouse.


     AUG. 18-Thirteen mills are levied in Chase and Marion counties for county purposes. A road tax of three mills is also levied.


     J. W. S. Loy and Christopher Borders are appointed constables for Falls township.


     AUG. 30--Daniel M. Allen and Nancy E. Painter are married.


     SEPT. 18--Richard T. Stevens enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas.


     SEPT. 29---Samuel Ball and Anna Bailie are married.


Page 28


     OCT. 5--An election precinct is established at the home of Peter P. Houck, in Marion county and another at the post­office in Marion Center. (The home of Pete P. Houck was located in school district No. 3, (Marion county) on the right hand bank of Houck branch near where it flows into the Cottonwood.)


     OCT. 11--Charles Osmer and Eliza Pringle are married.


     OCT. 21--Norman Chapman, of Bazaar enlists in Co. I., Ninth Kansas.


     Mary Shaft opens the first school taught at Clements. She is to receive $16 a month for three months. The school is held in the John S. Doolittle house. Carrie Shaft teaches the school in district No. 5.


     NOV. 6--Election returns from Chase county are: A. S. Howard, district attorney; E. A. Alford, representative; A. P. Gandy, county clerk; William Morton, register of deeds; Samuel Buchanan, treasurer; A. S. Williams, sheriff; E. R. Marden, coroner; William P. Shreves, assessor; J. B. Hodgin, surveyor; E. W. Pinkston, J. M. Pherson and William Flickinger, commissioners.


     DEC. 19--Malcolm Campbell is made captain of the Pike military company in Lyon county.


     S. N. Wood's paper, the Council Grove Press, stops.


     DEC. 17--The most severe snow storm experienced in Chase county since its settlement takes place. There are eight inches of snow on the level.


     DEC. 24--J. Wilkes Booth is playing at Leavenworth. He recently paid $100 to go 60 miles in a sleigh.


     William Barnes locates at Wonsevu.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. E. Stotts, a son and daughter, Riley and Ella; to Mr. and Mrs. Christian Snavely, a son, Henry; to Mr. and Mrs. Kirkendall, a son, James; to Mr. and Mrs. John Hammer, a son, Eli; to Mr. and Mrs. William Stone; a daughter, Susan; to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Moffett, a daughter. Esther; to Mr. and Mrs. Alva Townsend, a son, Ulysses G.; to Mr. and Mrs. Philip Frank, a daughter, Josephine; to Mr. and Mrs. Carl Boenitz, a son, Adolph; to Mr. and Mrs. John Curtis, a daughter, Sarah.


Page 29


     1864


     JAN. 1--Jacob G. Winne enlists in Co. L., 16th New York Artificers.


     JAN. 9--The mercury registers 23 degrees below zero. For ten days the cold has been intense.


     JAN. 14--Delos F. Drinkwater is elected engrossing clerk by the house of representatives of Kansas.


     JAN. 16--Neil Campbell returns from a visit to Scotland.


     JAN. 24--George W. Yeager and Annie C Rogler are married at Emporia. The Emporia News thanks the bridegroom for a "new greenback."


     JAN. 30--S. N. Wood moves, in the state legislature, to strike out the word "male" from the constitutional amendment.


     FEB. 20--James Streeter sues A. Lathrop for $100 with interest at 20 per cent and due in 1861, and forecloses on 320 acres on South Fork.


     FEB. 19--The draft is passed. Three hundred dollars exempts a man until the quota called for is filled.


     FEB. 27--S. N. Wood and C. V. Eskridge have a tilt in the legislature. Wood moved that the penitentiary be located at "Emporey" where they had a hole 80 feet deep which was dug to find water. Eskridge moved that Sam's town was better "where they had plenty of water and wood. There was cottonwood, basswood, and samwood, the latter of which could be bought very cheap for any purpose."


     Butler, Irving and Otoe counties are attached to Chase county for judicial purposes.


     The term "grapevine telegraph" appears in John Fitzgerald's report of the legislature--was this the first use of the phrase?


     Louis E. Ruffieux and wife are sued for $110 with interest at 20 per cent for four years, by John J. Garnans, and fore­closure is made on 160 acres at mouth of Coon and Cedar creeks.


     Charles Britton sues Phoebe Britton, of Battleboro, Vt., for divorce, for absence of more than one year.


     Nathan Cory and J. W. Levesy have their homes destroyed by fire near Plymouth.


     MARCH 12--W. H. H. Lawrence, secretary of state, speaks at the Falls on political topics. He denounces the election of Carney to replace Lane.


Page 30


     S. N. Wood is appointed brigadier general of the Kansas militia.


     Plymouth Union League No. 96 endorses Abraham Lincoln for president.


     MARCH 15--President Lincoln calls for 300,000 more men in addition to the 500;000 men called for February 1. After April 15 the draft will be invoked. After April 1, only $100 bounty will be paid.


     FEB. 6-Marion county has about 75 families. Two years ago a few families made an experiment in farming. "Marion county has been regarded as a desert waste unfit for agricultural purposes."-Junction City Union.


     Asa Gillett opens a writing school at Emporia.


     FEB. 10--W. J. Goss, of Wisconsin, delivers a temperance lecture at Cottonwood Falls.


     D. W. Mercer is agent for "Starke's History of the Rebellion." He has rights for Chase, Lyon and Greenwood counties.


     The state legislature approves the bill for the Osage and Cottonwood Valley railroad. H. L. Hunt and M. R. Leonard, of Chase county, are directors.


     MARCH 8--James L. Houston enlists in Go. M., Ninth Kansas.


     MARCH 21-Augustus Hegwer and Henry Hegwer re-enlist in Co. B., Ninth Kansas.


     APRIL 4--Administration granted estate of William Martin.


     APRIL 5--John Buchanan is appointed county commissioner in the place of William Flickinger, resigned.


     APRIL 17--William Flickinger and Eliza Ann Buchanan are married by the Rev. William Holsinger.


     APRIL 30--State Superintendent Isaac Goodnow will visit Cottonwood Falls on May 13th. He will speak at the Falls at 8 o'clock. He travels on horseback.


     MAY 1--Kansas, having been divided into five brigade districts, 18 regiments of militia are provided for. Lt. Col. W. S. Smith is appointed for the eighth district with headquarters at Council Grove.


     MAY 7--P. B. Plumb is made lieutenant colonel of the 11th Kansas.


     MAY 21--E. R. Marden drives 100 cattle from Chase county to market in "the east."market in


Page 31


     JUNE 4--John Wesley Hawkins dies at Fort Smith, Ark.


     William Holsinger makes final settlement of the estate of Gabriel Jacobs, one of the first settlers in Chase county.


     JUNE 2--Michael Gleason kills his brother, Dennis Gleason on their farm near Bazaar. The lamentable tragedy was the result of a quarrel over a line fence. Michael armed himself with a knife and pistol and went toward Dennis' house. In the quarrel, Michael drew a knife and stabbed his brother. The latter died that night. Michael was bound over by Justice Doolittle. He was convicted and sent to the penitentiary but was released some years later.


     JULY 16-- Empson L. Loy, L. D. Hodgins, Joshua H. Murdock, William Norton, James Pruitt, Thomas Roberts, Charles W. Rogler, Samuel Rutherfuff and William Stotts enlist in Co. C., 17th Kansas volunteers. Asa Bancroft, of Emporia, is captain of this company.


     JULY 30--President Lincoln appoints the first Thursday in August as a day of prayer. This will be on August 4.


     AUG. 10--John Brenot arrives from Cow creek to his cabin on the Cottonwood near the mouth of French creek. The Indians had attacked his corn train while encamped on Cow creek. His driver William Crammer was wounded in the shoulder by an arrow. Twenty-four of his oxen were killed by the Indians. He afterwards found five head which had strayed, but lost the good pony, a present to his wife from her father, Peter Martin.


     AUG. 25--A Lincoln and Johnson meeting is held at the Falls.


     SEPT. 10--The settlers about Cedar Point are leaving their homes having been warned that the Indians are coming. They assemble at "Fort Drinkwater" just east of the post office and from there go to Cottonwood Falls.


     SEPT. 13--Simon Walters and Martha Peyton are married. Corn is quoted at $1.25 a bushel.


     SEPT. 20--Vincent W. Williams dies at Little Rock, Arkansas. He was a member of Co. B., Ninth Kansas cavalry.


     SEPT. 24-Jacob Stotler sells the Emporia News to John H. Hunt. (The News was the paper in general circulation throughout Chase county during the war.) Richard Leppo


Page 32


     and Sarah Jane Ball, of Middle creek, are married.


     OCT. 15--Francis Bichet levies on the claim of Alexander Louis at the mouth of Cedar creek, appraised at $192.50.


     OCT. 19--A Lincoln and Johnson meeting is held at the Falls at 7 p. m. W. H. Van Cleve's farm on Bloody creek is appraised at $250--to be sold by the sheriff.


     OCT.22--The Republican Union Chase county convention meets at the Falls. L. D. Hinckley is chairman and Delos Drinkwater, secretary. The following ticket is nominated: representative, M. R. Leonard; probate judge, Benjamin Roe; county commissioners: E. Morgan and L. D. Hinckley; district clerk, Delos F. Drinkwater; county surveyor, E. F. Williams; county attorney, H. L. Scribner; register of deeds, F. E. Smith; superintendent of schools, J. S. Shipman. The convention declared that the defeat of Lincoln and Johnson would be "an irreparable calamity."


     NOV 11--The total vote of Chase county in the state election is as follows: Samuel J. Crawford 60, S. O. Thatcher 67; district judge, R. M. Ruggles 64 and J. H. Watson 64; state senate, H. L. Hunt 69 and M. R. Leonard 61; J. B. Smith defeated B. Roe for probate judge; D. F. Drinkwater is elected district clerk ; W. P. Shrere, surveyor; W. S. Smith, register of deeds;. W. S. Romigh, county attorney; J. S. Shipman, county superintendent. The vote on selling the school lands stood 117 for to nine against selling them.


     Louis Lafauner enlists in Co. H., 15th Kansas.


     NOV. 11--B. F. Talkington locates near Elmdale.


     G. W. Estes locates east of the Falls.


     The Lutherans organize a church at the Falls with eight members.


     DEC. 31-The following persons were born in Chase county during the year '64: Marcellus Moore, Edward Fink, Augustus Hegwer, Ettie Buchanan, Nat B. Scribner, Mary O'Donnell, C. C. Rider, Mary A. Johnson, Herbert Barrett; Mary Spurgeon, Joseph Laloge, Alveretta Hassler, Oro Taylor, Orlando Romigh, George Dixon, Emma Sharp, Taney Alford; Charles Brandley; Martha Mercer; S. A. Buchanan; C. F. Benot, Josie Frank, H. Dunlap, W. S. Alford; James Holmes and Cordelia Adams.


     1865


     JAN. 2-Orville Thompson and Samuel Buchanan ask that the township of Toledo be vacated. The commissioners grant the request.


Page 33


     The commissioners grant the request.


     JAN. 29--Henry L. Hilbrant Co. M., Ninth Kansas, at Fort Leavenworth.


     FEB. 13--Order No. 44 is issued by General Dodge. All cattle belonging to Indians are to be taken charge by the government. (Large herds had been brought into Chase county by white men.)


     FEB. 14---Samuel Ball of Chase county and Mary Moon are married.


     FEB.15--The State Normal School at Emporia begins.


     MARCH 3--Administration granted on estate of Henry L. Hilbrant, who died at Fort Leavenworth January 29.


     J. W. S. Loy is made administrator of the estate of George Oldburg.


     MARCH 4--Captain G. D. Humphrey, United States secret service, raids Jacobs creek and takes charge of 200 head of cattle under Order. 44. The men in charge of the cattle claimed no knowledge of the true owners of the cattle. Chase county during the war, was infested by a number of men who made a practice of raiding the herds of the Indians in the territory south of Kansas. During one of these raids, one of them was killed by the Indians. Dick Pratt, of South Fork, about whom many stories of adventure were told by the early settlers was a leader among the men who preyed upon the Indian herds. He could speak the Indian language, having lived among them during his youth. He went about in the typical garb of the frontiersman and was the hero of youths of Chase county. He was in many ways the Robin Hood of the Flint Hills. His home was just south of Bazaar, on South Fork. The action of the government under Captain Humphrey, of Lyon county brought the unhappy business to a sharp close. It must be said in extenuation of the men who raided the Indians that the spirit of retaliation went far to justify those engaged in it in their immediate neighborhoods; there were few early settlers who had not suffered in kind from the Indians.


     MARCH 5--Thomas Roberts and Mary Ball are married in Emporia; also Phillip Peyton and Liddy Ann Sharp.


     MARCH 18--The list of drafted men for Chase county is published. It includes Francis Bernard, John Sharp; M. Lacy, Frederick Locke, James Heskett, John McCoosike, M. R. Leonard;


Page 34


     George W. Williams, Frank Crissup and O. W. Fawcett. The 100 per cent men are John Miller, William Stone, Samuel Walters, Michael Norton, Asa Taylor, Pat Ryan; E. A. Alford; S. N. Wood; Thomas Roberts and Michael Frachee.


     Richard Sayre locates on Cedar creek buying the claim and log cabin of John Sharp.


     A Cottonwood Falls storekeeper is imposed upon by his friends and hires a substitute for $100. He gives two ponies as equivalent to that amount. The substitute, with the two ponies, marched away to the war, apparently, and the merchant discovered the hoax when it was too late.


     MARCH 19--George W. Williams and Mary A. Smith are married.


     APRIL 1--The Rev. C. Meadows is assigned to the Falls Methodist church by J. Shaw presiding elder.


     APRIL 3--J. W. S. Loy is granted a license for $100 to sell liquor at the Falls.


     APRIL 9--Lee surrenders to Grant and the rebellion is at a close.


     APRIL 13--A. M. Taylor is at the Falls to deliver fruit trees ordered.


     APRIL 14--Abraham Lincoln is shot and dies at 7:00 o'clock the following morning. The word is received in Emporia and brought to Chase county by messenger. All business is suspended and memorial services arranged.


     MAY 2--Ellis Smith and Sarah Winner are married.


     Edson Baxter and Rebecca Shreve are married.


     MAY 14-Charles Britton and Matilda Balch are married.


     JUNE 11--Orville Thompson and Emma Justice are married.


     JUNE 12--David Edmonds and Lois Dunlap are married.


     Marion county is detached from Chase county.


     JUNE 18--John Miller is drowned near Cottonwood Falls. He is a son of Jane Miller of South Fork and a brother of Patrick and Arch Miller. John Miller was the first of the Miller family to locate in Chase county, coming in 1856.


     JULY 1--O. J. Hunt and E. L. Hunt buy the Emporia News.


     Charles A. Britton is running a grist and saw mill on the Neosho above Emporia.


Page 35


     JULY 3--The county commissioners order the following abandoned claims to be taken from the tax lists: Michael Gleason, Asa Hall, J. J. Gifford, Horace Hall, L. D. Hinckley, Charles Stone, Jesse Kelm and Harmon Hayworth.


     A petition for a road from the Osage crossing of the Cottonwood river at Cahoone's ford up Diamond creek is ordered by the commissioners.


     JULY 28--Orlow H. Drinkwater and Sarah Ann Baubletts are married by William Barnes, justice of the peace.


     JULY 30--Walter Watson and Mrs. Mary Judson are married.


     Final settlement with the commissioners of Marion county is made. Sixty dollars is ordered paid for the three dram shop licenses issued.


     AUG. 7--First election in Marion county--23 votes cast.


     AUG. 9--The county commissioners call an election to vote bonds for the Leavenworth Lawrence and Fort Gibson Railway for September 12, 1865. The total amount is fixed at $150,000 in stock of the corporation, the bonds to run 30 years at 7 per cent interest. This was in response to a mass meeting held at the Falls and presided over by S. N. Wood, temporary chairman, and H. R. Mardin, permanent chairman, W. S. Smith and W. S. Romigh, secretaries. The committee on resolutions at this mass convention consisted of S. N. Wood, H. L. Scribner, James Houston, J. S. Doolittle and John Buchanan. This was the first movement in Chase county in the way of voting bonds for railroads and one which led to the bitterest of local contests in the political history of Chase county.


     The county commissioners levy a tax of 12 mills for county purposes and three mills for road tax.


     Doctor Lacey has the first "top buggy" in Chase county. It cost $200.


     AUG. 23--Henry Reeve and Julia Ann Holsinger are married by the Rev. William Holsinger.


     AUG. 26--Henry Brandley now a captain, returns home after three years of service in the army. He was wounded at Fort Halleck. He was captain of Co. B, Ninth Kansas.


     SEPT. 3-- Louise Ann Lannum, of Indian creek, and James P. Goodall, sheriff of Butler county, are married by Charles Rogler justice of the peace.


Page 36


     Dr. G. W. Williams leaves Emporia and returns to Cottonwood Falls, to practice medicine. He left the Falls about a year ago.


     John Buchanan of Toledo, moves to Pleasant Hill, Missouri. The Missouri Pacific railroad has reached that point from St. Louis, and Chase county is asked to vote bonds to bring this railroad from Pleasant Hill through Cottonwood Falls.


     SEPT. 12--The election to vote bonds for the L. L. and F. G. Railway in the amount of $150,000 results in a vote of 59 votes for to three against, a total of 62 votes.


     SEPT. 13---Milton Lindley and Sophronia Hackney are married at Plymouth.


     SEPT. 14--Emporia holds a community picnic for 'the old' soldiers of Companies C and E of the Ninth Kansas. A number of Chase county soldiers attend.


     Dr. Allen White, formerly of Americus, but lately of Cottonwood Falls, informs the News that Cottonwood Falls is rapidly improving.


     SEPT. 23---E. R. Mardin drives 130 head of beef cattle to eastern markets. State Superintendent Goodnow visits the schools at Plymouth and the Falls. He travels on horseback.


     Abram Bales has 800 peach trees four years old. He planted them in 1861, from seed brought from East Tennessee.


     Colonel Charles S. Hill returns from the war.


     SEPT. 29--A new treaty is made with the Osage Indians.


     SEPT 30--D. F. Drinkwater visits Cedar Point, his former home. He is a clerk in the agricultural department, and is secretary of the United Press association of Washington.


     The flag of the second regiment is returned to Topeka.


     Horse thieves steal a lot of horses on Middle and Mud creeks and are traced to the Sac and reservations where 26 of the horses are "recovered." It is said that the Indian agent will have the thieves arrested.


     OCT. 2--The Diamond creek road is declared a public highway.


     A petition is filed asking for a road from A. P. Gandy's home east to S. N. Wood's home, then across the ford and east to the county line near the Jackson home. The petition is granted.


     OCT. 22--William Osborn and Hannah Moffett are married.


Page 37


     NOV. 10-The vote of Chase county is as follows: state senator, Mahlon Stubbs 65 and R. R. Riggs 78, representative S. N. Wood  105 and O. H. Drinkwater 46, probate judge, Lot Leonard 26 and Samuel Beverlin 116, county clerk, W. S. Romigh 87 sheriff, J. H. Scribner 75, William Osmer 40 and James Fisher 25; coroner, J. S. Mitchell 65, E. R. Mardin 37 and Arch Miller 41 county treasurer, Dr. Allen White 53, A. P. Gandy 49 and M. R. Leonard 41, county surveyor, William Osmer 97 and G. W. Brickell 38, recorder, George Collett 53, F. M. Buchanan 43 and H. Brandley 49, assessor, John McCorkle 145, county attorney, S. N. Wood 71, county commissioner, E. H. Morgan 134, C. G. Allen 74 and J. S. Doolittle 74.


     S. P. Watson locates on Fox creek, W. H. Cox, near Matfield Green, M. E. Hunt, near Clements; G. W. Brickell, near Saffordville.


     DEC. 27--Fred Pracht and Marinda Pratt are married.  


     DEC. 31--Cottonwood Falls now consists of 11 houses, all but four of them being small log cabins. Only one house is finished inside. There are two dry goods and grocery stores, one hotel, one steam saw mill, one blacksmith shop, two doctors, Allen White and G. W. Williams; one lawyer. There are about one hundred people on the townsite.


     1866


     JAN. 1--The surveyors of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railway reach Chase county. They are seeking the best route from Topeka to the Arkansas river.


     The county commissioners meet and allow bills. The members are E. W. Pinkston, E. H. Morgan and L. D. Hinckley. The amount of warrants outstanding is $1,259.58.


     There is a large increase in the population of Chase county.


     George Balch and Martha C. J. Houston are married at the Houston home 9 miles above the Falls.


     FEB. 11--Henry Collett and Shaloma E. C. Houston are married.


     FEB. 22--Administration is granted the estate of G. M. L. Leonard.     The deceased enlisted in September, 1862.     


Page 38


     He was taken prisoner in the Cherokee nation in 1864 and in 1865 was assigned to Company D., Second Kansas.


     FEB.--Charles S. Hills, now Colonel Hills, once postmaster at the Falls, goes to St. Louis, Mo., to be a member of the wholesale firm of Perley, Hills and Co. He left the Falls to enlist at the outbreak of the war in the "Old Second" and rose to the colonelcy of the 10th regiment. While postmaster at the Falls he carried the mail in his hat, on foot to Emporia, and "toted" a sack of flour back.


     FEB. 28--Administration granted estate of Patrick Miller. He was the second son of Jane Miller to die within a year. Patrick was one of the first settlers on South Fork, coming in '56.


     MARCH 4--Albin Brandley is married to Mary Caroline Sharp. She is the only woman I ever knew who had killed a wildcat," he often said.


     Dr. A. Harrington and Sarah Lannum are married.


     MARCH 17--After great losses by Texas fever in 1860, the legislature passed a law forbidding any cattle being brought from Texas, Arkansas or Indian territory between April 1 and November 1, of each year. This law was approved May 1, 1861.


     S. N. Wood has the first corn planter in Chase county.


     APRIL 2--Samuel Buchanan offers final settlement of the county treasurer's office. The statement is refused. The county commissioners claiming a balance due of $4,779.33.


     APRIL 4--Carrie Roe and John Bay are married. A. P. Gandy is appointed county treasurer, Dr. Allen White having resigned. Dr. White moves to Emporia.


     APRIL 16--Thomas Winn is granted a license to sell liquor at the Falls.


     Miss Mary Holton of Council Grove, is teaching the school at the Falls. (Miss Holton and Dr. Allen White were married the next year. They are the parents of the American novelist and newspaperman, William Allen White, of Emporia.


     APRIL 21--Many families are coming into Chase county.


     Charles Rogler follows cattle thieves from Matfield Green to Burlingame and recovers six head of cattle after a brush with the thieves.


     The Missouri Pacific railway is being urged to build from Pleasant Hill, Mo., to Cottonwood Falls. Chase county has $125,000 in stock for the first railroad which reaches its borders.


Page 39


     The Missouri Pacific is known as the St. Louis and Santa Fe.


     The townsite of Toledo is being vacated and a town laid out on the 80 acres of the original townsite by members of the Society of Friends.


     MAY 12--Charles Britton sells his interest in the Falls mill to Lambdin Brothers.


     MAY 26--S. N. Wood is elected superintendent of the St. Louis and Santa Fe railroad.


     Chase county now has 1,000 people and 200 voters.


     JUNE 10--The Cottonwood river is ten feet higher than ever before and everybody turns out to save the mill.


     JUNE 17--Wakefield Hill and Julia Ann Pitzer are married.


     JUNE 30--Henry Penrod has the contract to carry the mail from Emporia to Cottonwood Falls twice a week. James Jackson will carry the mail from Falls to Towanda semi-week­ly.


     James R. Mead passes through Bazaar with 1,500 buffalo robes. Two weeks ago a train of several wagons loaded with skins passed through from Towanda.


     At the election to vote bonds to finish the new schoolhouse at the Falls 64 votes were cast, and only one voted against the bonds. Three women, Mrs. Hinckley, Mrs. Romigh and Mrs. Gandy were the judges of the election.


     JULY 4--Chase county celebrates the 90th anniversary of Independence. Cottonwood Falls is chosen as the place. A liberty pole is raised and the ex-soldiers unfurl a flag and sing "Rally 'Round the Flag Boys." Thirty-five young ladies on horseback represent the states and little girls on ponies the territories of the United States. S. M. Wood reads the Declaration of Independence and J. B. Smith, Washington's Farewell to His Army. The Rev. Cyrus G. Allen gives an address to the Sunday schools of Chase county and after a basket dinner, Col. S. N. Wood addresses the Soldiers. William Campbell, a veteran of the War of 1812, made a short patriotic address and was given an ovation by the soldiers. Mr. Campbell is 70 years old and lives on a homestead on Middle creek.


     JULY 29--Andrew Swanson of Middle creek is married to Rosa Ann Winner.


     AUG. 25--There are now 30 houses in Cottonwood Falls.


Page 40


     The new school is to cost $4,000. The Rev. A G Smith is the Methodist minister and the Rev. C. G. Allen, the Baptist. The total outstanding orders against the county, $881.80.


     AUG. 28--Daniel Bundy and Amanda Allen are married.


     SEPT. 1--The Republican county convention nominates the following ticket: representative, S. N. Wood; treasurer, A. P. Gandy; assessor, Joel Willis; probate judge, J. B. Smith; clerk, M. R. Leonard; superintendent of schools M. E. Hunt; and Henry Brandley was endorsed for state senator. The convention proved to be a stormy one and four members withdrew.  They are D. P. Shaft, B. H. Vanderin, C. G. Allen and Robert Brash. Only ten members of the convention remain. The grasshoppers arrive in great swarms.


     Chase county's levy is cut from 11 mills for last year to five mills for this year.


     SEPT. 22--A. R. Ice states that he raised 824 bushels of wheat from 16 acres.


     The discharged soldiers of Chase county meet in convention at the Falls. George Balch is elected president and C. M. Wood, secretary. They proceed to nominate a county ticket. Captain Henry Brandley receives 18 votes for representative and H. L. Scribner one. William Osmer is nominated for surveyor; and the constitutional amendments and the Republican party are endorsed. The committee on resolutions includes W. S. Smith, A. J. Crocker, George Balch, William Osmer, William Houston and C. W. Rogler.


     OCT. 6--H. L. Scribner and S. N. Wood are elected delegates to the Burlington convention, to secure a senator to southwest Kansas.


     OCT. 15--A mass meeting is held at Cottonwood Falls, C. M. Wood, Isaac Alexander, E. R. Mardin W. J. Daugherty and T. A. Hunt form the committee in charge. Half the voters of the county attended and many women.


     OCT. 20--James Fisher and Jont Wood kill a big black bear on the Cottonwood just east of the Falls. How the bear got here is unknown. He was first seen near Mr. Fisher's house.


     NOV. 7--The Republican ticket is elected in Chase county, excepting for state senator, Reuben Riggs defeating S. N. Wood.


Page 41


     The Chase county commissioners throw out the vote of Cottonwood township which gave Riggs 20 votes to three for Wood. This change elects Wood.


     Harriet Alford is administratrix for the estate of E. A. Alford.


     DEC. 8--Chase county raises $100,000 worth of cattle this year, $50,000 worth of wheat and wool also are sold.


     School district No. 18 holds a two-months term. Five farmers paid $10 each and Ola Drinkwater was employed.


     Charles Aldrich comes from Arkansas and located in the Falls. He is the first negro to make Chase county his home.


     DEC. 19--Malcolm Campbell and Sarah Barker of Plymouth are married.


     David Messer and T. J. Pyles settle in Chase county.


     Amos Noyes locates on Fox creek.


     Thomas Sayre locates on Cedar creek.


     DEC 31--Born in the year in Chase county: Sarah Robertson, Rosetta Moore, Amy Moffett, Lawrence Parker, William C Pratt, Albert P. Brickell, Addison Bales, William Peyton, Hannah Spurgeon, Bell Frank, Samantha Piles, Francis Laloge, Nora Hassler, David Stevenson, Mary E. Wood; Nancy Romigh, Mary B. Waters, Elinore Newkirk, Ernest Benoetz, Cyrus Curtis, Effie Fritze, Benjamin F. Heskett, Henry Fink, Edward Hegwer, Charles Holmes, Joseph Shavely, Charles Shaft, William F. Messer, Thomas N. Sharp, Mary A. Jeffrey and Arthur Wood.


     1866


     JAN. 1--Henry C. Snyder one of the first settlers of Chase county, is married to Alice J. Allen.


     William Pringle and Mary Ball are married.


     JAN. 7--Administration is granted the estate of A. M. Landsbery.


     JAN. 13--Bernard McCabe and Jane Wisel are married.


     FEB. 3--S. R. Sayre and Luvinia Higgins are married.


     FEB. 7--Charles Fish and Angeline Pringle are married.


     MAR. 5--E. M. Hayworth and Miss N. S. Mardin are married.


     Thomas Winn and Augusta Caldwell are married.


     MARCH 11--Ira Nichols and Mary J. Studebaker are married.


Page 42


     MAR. 16--School district No. 14 is formed.


     APR. 8--Administration is granted the estates of Lillian Moffitt, G. R. Miller and William C. Shaft.


     C. R. Britton becomes the sole owner of the Falls mill.


     U. B. Warren of Emporia, opens a hardware store in Cottonwood Falls.


     A mail route is established between Junction City and the Falls.


     Lucy Stone of New York speaks at the Falls on "Woman Suffrage."


     APR. 12--School district No. 13 is formed.


     APRIL 15-Mrs. F. E. Smith dies at the Falls, aged 26 years.


     MAY 12--Ephriam W. Pinkston, one of the first settlers on the upper Cottonwood is married to Clara Jane Young.


     MAY 24--A severe earthquake is felt in Chase county. People in stone houses were greatly alarmed. The shock lasted 15 seconds.


     Wheat is worth $3.00 a bushel at Emporia.


     George W. Estes drives a number of fine Durham bulls and heifers from Illinois to the Mardin ranch east of the Falls.


     A little daughter of Pleasant Jones, of Toledo township, is burnt to death in a prairie fire.


     Cattle are dying from Texas fever.


     Southern Chase county is filling up with settlers.


     Col. Charles S. Hills is married in Indiana to Miss Eva Babbitt.


     Dr. M. R. Leonard offers 760 acres of land at Bazaar for sale at $5.00 an acre. It includes the townsite of Bazaar, 80 acres under cultivation and 120 acres fenced. It has a log cabin on it which Dr. Leonard built in '57.


     JULY 1--Sarah Ann Buskirk and Cyrus M. Brown are married.


     The July session of the Chase County Commissioners is held. J. S. Doolittle, C. G. Allen and E. H. Morgan are the members.


     AUG. 3--The first issue of the Chase County Banner by Theodore Alford and Co. Among the items are the following: Rev. Olympia Brown is announced to preach at the schoolhouse in the Falls, August 25, on the subject “The Women in the Bible.” In the evening she will speak on “Suffrage.”


Page 43


     She is a graduate of Antoch college and reads the Bible in the original Greek and Hebrew, the Banner states. Miss Bessie Bisbee of Vermont, and Miss R. H. Henry of Topeka, will speak at Mitchell's and Bazaar on the 7th, and at Toledo on the 8th. H. L. Hunt is building a new house in town. Isaac Alexander starts a new shingle mill in the Falls. The first story of the new mill at the Falls is up. L. D. Hinckley is building a fine house in the Falls for a hotel. A. P. Gandy's building is almost done. Dr George Williams and F. A. Hunt will use the first floor for a drug store and the Banner will be printed upstairs. (This building stood where the old Chase County National Bank building now stands.) Two men from Wisconsin have taken a claim at the Osage crossing and are building a dam. They will build a mill. The Cedar Creek election precinct is organized on the petition of William Barnes and others. Isaac Alexander sells home shingles at $4.50 per thousand.


     JULY 5--Governor Crawford calls for eight companies of volunteers for a cavalry regiment to be mustered into the United States service for four months campaign against the Indians who are murdering people in western Kansas.


     A. P. Wentworth, one of the first settlers east of the Falls, is cultivating a crop of 75 acres of corn and other grains.


     C. V. Eskridge and S. N. Wood have had another tilt, this time in the matter of woman suffrage. It would be difficult to find a stronger presentment of the reasons for granting to women the right of suffrage than that made by Colonel Wood: "Women have the same intellects as men; they have the same accountability to God; they are punished for the violation of laws the same as men. She is taxed to support government. The question is shall she have a voice, a vote in that government?"


     JULY 29--The camp meeting is announced by Rev. C. R Rice and Rev. Thomas Murdock for August 30, 1867, on Cedar Creek 25 miles southwest of Cottonwood Falls. "We invite all southwestern Kansas to come with their wagons, provisions and tents and meet with us to worship God and pray that the hearts and lives of all the people in these new settlements may be made to conform with the character of Jesus, that their influence may live and grow forever." (Was there ever a finer dedication of new land than this call to the first camp meeting on Cedar Creek?).


Page 44


     JULY 28--Virginia Barks who taught the Cottonwood Falls school last year is drowned in the Neosho river near Hartford. She was a graduate of Cornell college, in Iowa, and was only 26 years old. The buggy in which she was riding was overturned in the high waters and in spite of the best efforts of William Harden, she was swept away to her death.


     AUG. 29--Elizabeth Cady Stanton is announced for a speech on suffrage, at Cottonwood Falls, October 8.


     George W. Yeager reports that the crops around Bazaar are very fine this year.


     AUG. 24--A troop of the 18th Kansas has a two days fight with the Indians on the Republican river and are compelled to retire before 1,000 Indians. There is great uneasiness felt by the settlers.


     SEPT. 13—Col. W. A. Phillips comes down the Cottonwood valley on his way to the Cherokee Neutral lands. He thinks the Cottonwood valley is "hard to beat."


     SEPT. 17--The Indians are reported in Marion county and the settlers prepare to defend themselves. Twenty horses are stolen in Marion county. The citizens pursue them but are unable to recover their property.


     SEPT. 28--A "Grand Anti-Female Suffrage Rally" is held at Cottonwood Falls.


     OCT. 2--Captain H. Brandley and Kitty Patterson of Topeka, are married.   


     OCT. 8--Elizabeth Cady Stanton speaks at the Falls.


     OCT. 11--The campaign is fast becoming one of the most heated in the history of the county. There are three amendments to the constitution to be voted upon at the election this fall. They are: (1) To strike out the word "white" and so enfranchise the negroes; (2) to strike out the word "male" and give women the right to vote; (3) to restrict franchises to loyal persons. The Democratic platform is opposed to all of the three amendments, while the Republicans favor them. S. N. Wood is recognized as one of the leaders in the suffrage cause and his home at the Falls is the meeting place of many distinguished speakers--among them Elizabeth Cady Stanton.


     OCT. 22--A non-partisan convention is held at the Falls. The nominations are: district judge, W. R. Brown; representative, O. H. Drinkswater; treasurer, M. R. Leonard; sheriff,


Page 45


     E. R. Mardin; register of deeds, R. Hunt; clerk, A. S. Howard; assessor, W. N. Bond; commissioners, H. L. Hunt, E. B. Crocker and O. H. Drinkwater; county attorney, B. Jeffrey; coroner, G. W. Williams. The chairman was J. B. Smith.


     William Wagoner and Mary Landsberry are married.


     OCT. 25--James R. Mead passes through Bazaar with 1,200 buffalo robes for the New York market. He lives at Towanda and owns the Wichita Agency premises. He buys furs from the Kiowas, Commanches, and other tribes. His agents understand the Indian languages and live among the Indians. His sales of furs and robes amounts to very large sums yearly.


     NOV. 1--Elizabeth Cady Stanton agrees to buy the S. N. Wood farm just east of the Falls, if suffrage carries at the election, and make Kansas her home. She is to pay $12 an acre for the land. There are 1,200 acres in the farm.


     Administration is granted the estates of H. L. Scribner and Joseph Pitzer.


     NOV. 8--The Independent ticket is elected in Chase county with the exception of M. R. Leonard--A. P. Gandy being elected treasurer. Chase county goes against woman suffrage by seven votes.Negro suffrage fails to carry by three votes. In the state both amendments were beaten by 10,000 votes.


     NOV. 19--Dr. Trowbridge comes to the Falls to do dental work. He will stay for two weeks.


     NOV. 22--John V. Sanders comes from Indiana to practice law. John and F. M. Buchanan, of the Falls, offer their three farms for sale: 1,000 acres on the Cottonwood below the mouth of Middle creek for $10,000; 150 acres three miles east of the Falls, all bottom land and improved, for $2,000; and 80 acres on Buckeye for $250. (A showing of land values in Chase county in '67.)


     NOV. 29--J. B. Smith has bought a portable saw mill. John and Lucien Manley are building a saw mill at Bazaar. The lack of lumber is the drawback to this country.


     DEC. 14--Joab Murphy and Sarah Moffett are married; also Nathan Coggshall and Mary Ann Ellis.


     DEC. 13--W. G. Walker, of Case county, Iowa, who owns thousands of acres here, comes to look over his lands. A number of families from Indiana locate near Bazaar. W. R. Brown locates in the Falls;


Page 46


     John O'Byrne locates on Diamond creek; F. B. Hunt at the Falls; Mart Umberger on Diamond creek; Joshua Kemp near Toledo; Mahlon H. Lewis near Toledo.


     Born during the year: To Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Talkington a son, William A.; to Mr. and Mrs. John Buchanan a son, Orlo; to Mr. and Mrs. John Hammer a daughter, Mary C.; to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Collett, a son, Franklin; to Mr. and Mrs. Jabez Dart a son, Omer; to Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bond, a son, Clarence; to Mr. and Mrs. Simon Walters a daughter, Mary; to Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Shellenbarger a son, Weston; to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hancock a son, William; to Mr. and Mrs. John Stone a daughter, Martha; to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Barber a daughter, Emma J.; to Mr. and Mrs. Ogden Barrett a son, Fred; to Mr. and Mrs. William Wedding a son, John; to Mr. and Mrs. William Crissup a daughter, Juliette; to Mr. and Mrs. Richard Vanderin a daughter, Susan; to Mr. and Mrs. Beverlin a son, William C.; to Mr. and Mrs. Richard Sayre a daughter, Ella J.; to Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Laloge a son, Claudius; to Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Newby a daughter, Annie; to Mr. and Mrs. William M. Stevenson a son, Andrew; to Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Howard a son, Benjamin Franklin; to Mr. and Mrs. Cahoone a son, Francis; to Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Gandy a daughter, Flora; to Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Rockwood a son, Herbert; to Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Hinckley a son, Roy; to Mr. and Mrs. James Faris a daughter, Rebecca; to Mr. and Mrs. William Dixon a son, James; to Mr. and Mrs. William Keller a daughter, Ollie M.; to Mr. and Mrs. George W. Yeager a son, George; to Mr. and Mrs. Mercer a son, David; to Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Holmes a son, Louis; to Mr. and Mrs. Peter Swingel a son, Oscar J.; to Mr. and Mrs. Nowlan a daughter, Marian; to Mr. and Mrs. Sharp a daughter. Marietta.


     1868


     JAN. 1--Robert French is killed while hauling corn from Dr. Leonard's to Bazaar. The team ran away and in passing through a gate, a rail struck French over the heart. He leaves a widow and three children.


     JAN. 10--The Emporia News has an article on Co. B., of the Ninth Kansas, in the course of which it is said "Henry Brandley became captain of the company. He was wounded at Fort Halleck, Idaho, in a fight with the Indians.


Page 47


     Robert L. Madden, lieutenant, resigned in '63 and enlisted in the Fourth United States artillery. They both live at Matfield Green now. Sergeant Aaron B. Watson, Isaac Alexander and Henry Reeve live in Cottonwood Falls. August and Henry Hegwer live on Diamond creek. P. B. McCabe lives at Bazaar. William Lyon of this company died at Atchison and was buried with military honors."


     M. E. Hunt is married in Minnesota.


     P. F. W. Peck of Chicago, receives patents for 14 sections of land in range 6 east. These lands were donated to the Leavenworth, Lawrence and Fort Gibson railway.


     JAN. 31--Marion county asks legislation for a special act for a herd law. The prairies are being homesteaded and the material for fencing is lacking. Chase county does not favor a herd law.


     Arnold Brandley opens a jewelry store in Cottonwood Falls.


     FEB. 4--Administration granted estate of C. B. Yale.


     Cottonwood Falls has 200 people now.


     FEB. 22--A. J. Crocker builds a large home on his farm on Peyton creek.


     MARCH 1--Peter Martin and Rosalie Martinot are married at Cedar Point.


     MARCH 6--Dennis Lansberry and Mary F. E. Avery are married at Matfield Green.


     E. R. Mardin sells his farm and moves to the Falls. He is sheriff.


     H. L. Hunt's and Jane Shaft's farms are swept by fire. Several thousand posts and rails are burned.


     The west mail from Emporia for Cottonwood Falls, Moore's ranch and Towanda now requires two sacks instead of one. The people need tri-weekly service.  It takes letters a week to reach Towanda or Moore's ranch.


     Col W. H. H. Lawrence announces the new town of Wichita which has just been laid out at the mouth of the Little Arkansas. "The new town now has a store, a blacksmith shop and other buildings. The lands about there were Osage lands, purchased by treaty September 25, 1865. They reach east and west 50 miles and are 20 miles wide, including in all 2,000,000 acres. A meeting of the Wichita Town and Land Company will be held in Emporia April 21, 1868."


Page 48


     MARCH 20--Col. S. N. Wood unites with the church, says the Emporia News.


     MARCH 24--Mrs. C. A. Britton dies at the Falls, aged 25 years.


     APRIL 3--The Rev. N. Wolpert is assigned to the Methodist church at the Falls.


     APRIL 17--A lodge of Free Masons is being organized at the Falls.


     APRIL 24--General Phil Sheridan has ordered two companies of cavalry to the south of the Little Arkansas. The Indians are acting ugly.


     JUNE 3--Twenty-five families from western Chase and Marion counties come to Cottonwood Falls for protection from the Indians. Many of them are encamped on the courthouse grounds--others are in the homes of the townspeople. Many men have brought their families to safety and are returning to guard their homes and stock. The people from Cedar creek drove across the high prairies to the Falls in the night. Others gathered at "Fort Drinkwater" a mile east of Cedar Point and others at Shaft's place on Silver creek. Indian scouts had been seen along the border of Marion county. One hundred sixty Cheyennes in war paint crossed Marion county to Council Grove in the evening and had a fight with the Kaws six miles below town. They fought for an hour or so, and then the Cheyennes retired to camp just west of Council Grove. In the morning they were gone. The Kaws numberd only 100. They pursued the Cheyennes to within three miles of the town. Two Indians were wounded in the fight. By this time about 250 settlers had been gotten together and cooperating with the militia from Cottonwood Falls they followed the Cheyennes to see that no depredations were committed. (One of the women who was in Cottonwood Falls at the time says that as soon as the word was brought that the men had come back from the pursuit of the Indians nothing could keep them longer in the place of safety. " They just dropped whatever they were doing when they heard that their men folks were home and in no time they had the team or oxen hitched to the wagon, got the children in, and off they started.")


     A man who represented himself as the son of an English nobleman gets away with $300 in the form of a loan from Mrs. Wemys Smith of Fox creek.


Page 49


     A writer in the Courant years later tells of the Cheyenne raid on June 8, 1888. "On Sunday evening, June 7, the news was brought to Council Grove that the Cheyennes were coming by thousands. On Monday morning Mr. Beals, from Clear creek, Marion county, came to Council Grove and said he had seen the Indians at Lank Moore's ranch, then called Cottonwood Holes, and later Crane's ranch. Sam Stribby, Matt McDonald and John Polk were sent west seven miles to warn the settlers. They went as far as the Lockwood farm, and when they returned as far as Polk's farm the Indians were only a mile behind them, coming at full speed. They were overtaken a mile from town. The chief assured them that they would not hurt them, and came into town with them. Charley Whittaker, an old trader, acted as interpreter, and learned that the Cheyennes wanted to fight the Kaws three miles below Council Grove. The Kaws had killed 12 Cheyennes at Fort Zarah the fall before. They crossed the old bridge on the run, a lot of the whites going with them to see the fight. The Kaws had been warned and came out of the woods at Big John creek on foot and in the fight three Cheyennes were wounded. The Cheyennes came back to town and started for their reservation below Fort Dodge. Word soon came back that they were killing cattle and running off horses as they went. The writer was sent to Cottonwood Falls to tell W. S. Smith, colonel of the militia, to march up Diamond creek and flank the Indians. When he got to the Falls he found great excitement. People were coming from all directions and the women and children were being put in places of refuge. H. L. Hunt was busy looking after the comfort of the people. Fisher was sent down the Cottonwood to warn the people towards Emporia, which he did thoroughly. The writer left Cottonwood Falls at 9 o' clock at night and got to Council Grove by 11:00. Fifteen scouts under John P. Caldwell went west as far as Diamond Springs. Then they went down that stream until they came to Sol Heskett's place. Henry Coryell, Pat O'Byrne and Sol Heskett were the ones in charge of this group. Col. W. S. Smith reached them about dark. Captain Murray was sent on with ten men, and they mistook Heskett's herd for Indians and shot three of them. About a week later Governor Crawford sent four wagon loads of muskets to the settlers."--Matt McDonald in the Courant.


Page 50


     JUNE 19--A militia company is organized at Cottonwood Falls. Dr. G. W. Williams is elected captain.


     JULY 6--Administration is granted the estate of J. B. Smith.


     JULY 23--Archibald Miller and Mary McNee are married; also John Prather and Sophia Sheldon. W. G. Williams and Martha Ellen Jackson.


     AUG. 1--The Rev. C. R. Rice writes to the News: "There are no settlements from Council Grove to Cottonwood Falls, except a few along Fox creek. I saw one or two new houses in the Falls. I went to Cedar Point from the Falls. This is going to be a town I suppose. I went up Cedar to near its head. This is the dryest country I have found. There will be no corn raised. There is perhaps wheat enough for bread. There will not be 200 bushels from the Falls to the head of Cedar. The country is comparatively new and there is little land in cultivation."


     AUG. 16--Thomas Murphy and Ellen Randall are married by Father Ponziglione.


     AUG. 26--Asa Gillett and Mrs. Barbara Wilson are married at Plymouth.


     AUG. 27--William Flickinger's wife and two daughters have died since August 12, at Toledo.


     SEPT. 3--Henry Greenleaf and Mrs. Phoebe Purcell are married.


     SEPT. 14--Administration is granted estate of E. H. Morgan.


     AUG. 18--Five militia companies are called by Governor Crawford on account of the Indian atrocities in the western half of Kansas. (Later the government called for one regiment, and the 19th Kansas was organized, Governor Crawford resigning the governorship to take command of the regiment.)


     OCT. 5--Administration letters granted estate of Levi Mann.


     OCT. 9--Frank Giliett opens a store in the Falls.


     OCT. 19--Administration letters are granted estate of John Norton.


     OCT. 24--Edwin E. Hinckley and Nancy M. Hill are married.


     OCT. 25--Benjamin Lansberry and Betsy Wagoner are married.


Page 51


     NOV. 5--The entire Republican ticket is elected in Chase county.


     A Baptist church is being organized at the Falls.


     NOV. 9--The 19th Kansas goes west under command of Colonel Crawford.


     Theodore Alford sells his interest in the Chase County Banner. He may start another paper.


     NOV. 12--Henry Wagoner and Nancy M. Lannum are married.


     NOV. 18--Jacob Pyne and Emma Crawford are married.


     Frank Wisel and Elva J. Davis are married.


     DEC. 6—Dr. U. B. Murwin and Permelia French are married.


     William Keller kills an elk on Middle creek that weighs 700 pounds.


     John Brenot, of Cedar Point, sells a buffalo which he had raised from a calf.


     DEC. 31--Born in Chase county in the year '68: Guy Johnson, Ida Estes, Adolph Seiker, Cora Spurgeon, Lizzie Reeve, Susan Kelly, Ethel Johnson, Sarah Fish, Albert C. Balch, James Crissup, William R. Sayre, Harriett Hassler, John Peyton, Carrie Wood, Margaret Breese, Porter Martin, Willard Swanson, Ida Faris, Susie Holsinger, Emma Britton; Minnie B. Pinkston, Lucy Drinkwater, William Snaverly, Edward L. Brenot, Emma Piles, CharIes Crocker, Levina Hancock, Bart Shipman, Clara Robertson, Sarah J. Moore, Luck Moffett, Frank Perry, Ellen Lawrence, Charles Murray, Jerusha Newkirk, Clara B. Lane, Nettie Leonard, Wilson Sharp, Marietta McCabe.


     1869


     JAN. 2--H. L. Hunt is administrator of estate of J. B. Smith.


     Dr. G. W. Williams buys interest of F. A. Hunt in the Corner Drug store.


     The new term of school begins in the Falls with W. S. Romigh as teacher.


     H. N. Simmons runs a blacksmith shop at the Falls.


     JAN. 10--Cedar Creek is in need of mail service. People have to travel 10 to 12 miles to get their mail.


     S. N. Wood's ferry boat is in order at the crossing east of the Falls. The ferryboat is 36 feet by 14 feet.


Page 52


     The charges are $1.00 for a loaded wagon and 25 cents for a single horse. Footmen 25c each. Will Wood operates the ferry.


     A writer from Butler county says that "El Dorado has a hotel, three stores and a sawmill. Dr. Allen White is here from Emporia. John Pratt, of South Fork, is here also. Douglass is the crossing of the Walnut river, of the great Texas cattle trail. The Renfros, Rosses, Williamses, Hunts and Yales are here from Chase county and are going down the Walnut for claims."


     JAN. 16--F. B Hunt and H. N. Simmons are occupying their new residences in the south part of the Falls.


     Mrs. Mary J Wolpert is the agent of the Wilson Shuttle sewing machine for Chase county.


     An M. E. class has been organized on Silver creek.


     S. N. Wood advertises his 1,400 acre farm east of the Falls for sale at $28,000


     JAN. 23--The Rev. C. R. Rice is preaching at the Falls. (The Rev. Mr. Rice was the pioneer circuit rider of the Neosho and Cottonwood valleys.)


     A committee of five "leading citizens" is named at the Falls to purchase or build a suitable building for Congregational services.


     Reverend Harlow is preaching for the Congregationalists at the Falls.


     FEB. 10--W. G. Patton is elected superintendent of the Sunday school at the Falls.


     The county road granted by the commissioners runs from the Hinckley place on Fox creek (Lantry ranch) west to intersect with the road crossing the Cahoone ford near H. N. Simmons' place.


     Shipman's new saw mill at the Osage crossing is doing a big business.


     The Osage reservation south and west of Chase county is filling up rapidly. F. A. Hunt now lives at the mouth of Dutch creek.


     Petitions are on file for bridges across the Cottonwood at the Falls, and over Middle, Diamond and Fox creeks. This marks a new period in the development of Chase county lines of travel which a short while ago "cut across the prairie" are now fixed enough to call for bridges.)


     Bazaar has completed a church building.


Page 53


     FEB. 14--Lucius Manley and Ann Yeager are married at Bazaar.


     Harmon Brown, one of the first settlers of Chase county, dies, aged 40 years. He was a native of New York. state.


     A. S. Howard, as administrator, sells the estates of H. L. Scribner and of William Campbell. The latter was a soldier of the War of 1812.


     J. P. Kuhl advertises for 5,000 skins of raccoons. wild cats, badgers, grey foxes, prairie wolves, grey wolves, minks, otters and beaver; also for buffalo robes and deer skins.


     MARCH 20--John O'Byrne buys the Walter Watson place on Diamond creek for $2,000. This is one of the first claims taken in Chase county.


     The Rev. J. Winn is sent to the Falls by the Methodists, and the Rev. M. Wolpert to the upper Cottonwood.


     The Rev. J. R. Deering is the new Congregational minister at the Falls.


     APRIL 17--One of the Catholic fathers of this diocese holds services in Doolittle's Hall, at the Falls.


     APRIL 22--T. J. Jones and Jennie Presnell are married.


     MAY 17--J. S. Shipman rescues Mrs. Roberts and child from drowning in the Osage crossing.


     MAY 9--F. E. Smith and Isabel Copeland are married.


     MAY 22-School district No. 20 is organized.


     MAY 28--J. T. Prather advertises his farm east of the Falls for sale. 160 acres for $800.


     A number of citizens arrange to print a paper in the Falls for the next year. H. L. Hunt and W. R. Brown will be the editors; F. E. Smith will have charge of the mechanical part.


     MAY 29-Crops are looking unusually "well."


     There has been a strong movement in the Falls for temperance. The Sons and Daughters of Temperance have a lodge of 50 members. There is no place there now where liquors are sold.


     George Estes started east with 200 head of fine steers, bought in this county. He will take them to Illinois.


     Bazaar, Cedar Point and Brandley's have new school buildings under contract.


     The Methodists ask $1,000 of Cottonwood Falls for a new church building.


     C. A. Britton is putting in another run of burrs at his mill.


Page 54


     JULY--Hugh Britton dies, aged 75 years


     NOV. 20--James M. Jones dies, aged 20 years.


     DEC. 31--Born in Chase county this year: Frederick Collett, Charles Balch, Matilda Frey, Fred J. Pratt, Ephermella Hartley, James Watson, Eudora Swanson, Roanna and Rosellia Talkington, Effie Keller, Wesley Keller, Mary Osmer, Maggie L. Jeffrey, Mary Dixon, Rheinhart Hegwer, Lucinda Harper, Susan Fritz, Franklin Britton, Caroline Hegwer, Frank Holmes, Olive E. Shaft, Martha Piles, Lewis Messer, Thomas Smith, Amelia Rodebaugh, Phoebe Frank, Albert Crissup, Sylvester Ferguson, John W. Sayre, Gabriella Snow, Edward Barrett, Lydia Bales, Ulysses G. Farley, Jesse Moffett, Mary Riley; Luther Jones, Minnie Johnson; Lizzie Osborne, Alta Jones, Alpha Foreman, Orilla Brown, Gertrude Crocker, Clara Stone, William C Townsend, Charles Hancock, Jenny Brown, Sherry C. Smith, Zerelda Pracht, Mabel Howard, Ethel Findley, Mary Gandy, Henry L. Hunt., jr., William Simmons, Omega Taylor, Mabel Guild, Mary Robertson, Ada Moffett, Charles Yeager, Solomon Mercer, Nancy Sharp, Thomas Hays, Albert Baker and Peter Brandley.


     1870


     JAN.--Born to Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Robinson, a daughter, Emma; to Mr. and .Mrs. John Buchanan, a daughter, Dalla; to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Fish, a daughter, Josephine; to Mr. and Mrs. Archie Miller, a son, John; to Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Brown, a daughter; to Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Holmes, a son, William.


     Died: Emma McWilliams aged 22 years.


     Charles Leonard shoots himself at Bazaar accidentally


     FEB. 12--School district No. 21 is formed.


     Mrs. Clara Boentz of Diamond creek dies, aged 70 years.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. James Faris, a daughter, Alice.


     Died, Henry Reeve aged 44 years.


     MARCH--Born to Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Smith, a son, Oscar; to Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Stainbrook, a daughter, Edith; to Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Stevenson, a daughter, Susan.


     APRIL--Died: Morris Moore of Toledo, aged 36 years. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Newby, a son, Edward.


     Died: Harriet Crocker, aged 30- years.


     APRIL 20--The first issue of the Central Kansas Index appears.


Page 55


     It is printed at Cottonwood Falls. Beck, Follett and McClure are the editors.


     A lodge of Odd Fellows is being organized at the Falls.


     Died: Sabina Manley, aged 58 years.


     APRIL 24--Henry Brandley and Lizzie Romigh are married.


     APRIL 30--Eliza Romigh is dead, aged 63 years.


     MAY 4--John O'Byrne pays $5.00 for the privilege of casting the first spade of earth for the new Catholic church at the Falls. (This building was afterwards sold to Jabin Johnson and was for many years the Johnson home. It is now owned by R. K. Maybell.) Father John Murphy has charge of the church.


     MAY 9--May 30 is set aside by Congress as Memorial day.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. Joshua Shipman, a daughter; to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Collett, a daughter, Caroline; to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Linebaugh, a son; to Mr. and Mrs. Roach Kelly, a daughter, Dora; to Mr. and Mrs. Traugott Hegwer, a daughter, Rosine; to Mr. and Mrs. William Pringle, a daughter, Emily; to Mr. and Mrs. Morris Moore, a daughter, Laura.


     MAY 30--The first Memorial Day is observed in Chase county. During the rebellion Chase county lost the following soldiers: William Lyon, John Wesley Hawkins, Henry L. Hilbrant, George M. L. Leonard, Vincent W. Williams. The losses were not large as the companies engaged were for the most part engaged in guarding the frontier from Indians and the southern line from Indians and outlaws. Still several companies saw hard service as at Prairie Grove and Wilson's creek.


     MAY 30--H. L. Hunt, H. E. Snyder and G. W. Brickell, as county commissioners, call an election for July 1, 1870, to vote on subscribing stock to the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe rail way to the amount of $125,000 and issuing bonds at par value therefor. Of this bond issue $50,000 will be issued if the rail­road reaches Cottonwood Falls by January 1 1871, payable in 30 years at 7% interest; $50,000 if the railroad completes the railroad ten miles west of Cottonwood Falls by July 1, 1871; and $25,000 if the road is completed to the western boundary of Chase county by January 1, 1872. All this is to depend upon a station being established in Toledo township; another within a half mile of Cottonwood Falls; one between Diamond and Middle Creek,


Page 56


     within one and one-half miles of the mouth of Middle creek; and one in Cottonwood township if the road goes up the Cottonwood valley. (The phrases in bold type in the above paragraph were the subjects of intense differences later on.)


     JUNE 1--A. G. Miner, of Indiana, locates in the Falls.


     JUNE 5--Augustus Young and Annie Pinkston are married.


     Hinckley's hack line leaves the Falls for El Dorado on Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, each week, at 6 a. m.


     JUNE 8--W. S. Romigh is administrator for the estate of J. M. Pherson, one of the first settlers of Chase county.


     JUNE 18--Falls township votes $10,000 for a bridge at Cottonwood Falls.


     JUNE 22--Dr. J. V. Davis is practicing medicine at Cedar Point.


     JULY 1--The Santa Fe bonds are defeated by five votes in Chase county.


     JULY 4--Cedar Point observes the day. O. H. Drinkwater is marshal and W. Perkins of Marion, is orator of the occasion.


     JULY 7--A new election is called on the matter of issuing bonds to the A. T. and. S. F. Ry.


     JULY 20--The census returns show that Chase county has 2,015 people. Of these only 170 are foreign born and 9 are not naturalized, showing how typically American the community is.


     JULY 27--Wm. Tittle and Lucinda Copeland are married. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Ry. is completed to Emporia.


     L. P. Jenson locates in the Falls.


     JULY 27-- A flock of about 200 prairie chickens flew through the Falls today.


     AUG. 3 --The Franco-Prussian War is imminent. Chase county has about twenty French families and all are deeply concerned with the impending struggle.


     AUG. 4--W. J. Daugherty and Miss R. V. Cunningham are married.


     AUG. 10--Beck and McClure withdraw from the Index and Follet and Yale take charge.


     AUG. 28--Wm. Sanders and Mary Jane Crissup are married.


Page 57


     AUG. 13--The second election on the bonds for the Santa Fe is held and the bonds carry by 35 votes.


     AUG. 31--100 families from Ohio came to Chase county last year. S. N. Wood was the one who induced them to locate here.


     W. S. Smith is selected as delegate from Chase county to the Republican State convention.


     SEPT. 14--The firm of Drinkwater, Smith & Schriver, at Cedar Point, changes to Drinkwater & Schriver.


     Albert E. Hayse and Mabel Morris are married.


     David Cormack and Ann Lane are married.


     Cottonwood Falls has nearly 400 people now. There are 3 dry goods and grocery stores, 1 hardware, 1 drug store; 2 groceries, 1 photographer, 2 hotels, 3 boarding houses; 2 real estate offices, 2 wagon and carriage shops, 1 carpenter shop, 1 printing office, and several lawyers, doctors, and preachers.


     OCT. 5—F. H. Pracht and Nancy Jane Laymen are married.


     R. Olds and family locate at the Falls.


     OCT. 27-- Paris Mills opens a store at Toledo.


     S. N. Wood asks an injunction against the A. T. and S. F. Railway building through section 21, township 1, Range 8. (This section lies between the Falls and the bluffs on the north where Strong City now stands.) The ground on which the injunction is asked is that the Company has not filed a profile of the route with the register of deeds of Chase county, and "the railroad has treated the community shabbily by its attempt to place the road as far from the Falls as possible." (When the bonds were voted to the Santa Fe, the road was to build a station within one-half mile of Cottonwood Falls, the fact that North Cottonwood Falls was the location considered by the company lead to the error, as Cottonwood Falls was regularly laid out south of the present courthouse. As a result of the squabble the company ordered the line placed as far from Cottonwood Falls as the bluffs on the north would admit--so the story goes--and the bonds were virtually surrendered as the route prescribed by them would have occasioned a long delay and the building of several additional bridges--and the company found it necessary to use all the speed possible in extending its tracks. This contest


Page 58


     was made the leading issue for many years in Chase county and lead to the location of a new town first called Podunk, then Cottonwood Station, and finally Strong City.)


     NOV. 9--Albert W. Yale retires from the Index.


     Harrison Hayse and Alice Oles are married.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. B. McCabe, a daughter, Marta.


     NOV. 30--Rev. C L. Guild resigns the pastorate of the Congregational church at the Falls and returns to Maine.  


     Died: Lewis Randall, aged 50 years.


     DEC. 2--Patrick B. McCabe and Abbie E. Sharp are married.


     DEC 4--Andrew J. Beverlin and Martha J. Parks are married.


     Samuel O. Mann and Margaret Rutledge are married.


     The Mason and Hamlin organ is advertised in Chase county.


     DEC. 8--FRESH and NOT COVE oysters are advertised for the supper at the School House tonight.


     DEC. 13--Administration granted estate of F. L. Randall.


     DEC.14--Administration granted estate of Nancy Ann White.


     Shipman and Doolittle receive the wheel for their new mill at the Osage crossing.


     DEC. 24--M. C. Newton and Gertie Noyes are married on Fox creek.


     Albert Balch and Almira Dart are married.


     DEC. 28--D. R. Shellenberger and Ruth Moffitt are married.


     Angola Lodge I. O. O. F. is organized.


     1871


     JANUARY--The Robert Burns Club meets in H. L. Hunt's new stone building. The bill-of-fare was canned fruit, cove oysters; peanuts, sea-biscuits, pickles; molasses; etc. The counter served as a table. The company consisted exclusively of men. The program included the following numbers:­


     Toast: "The Day of a' who honor it!"                   Response by H. L. Hunt.

     Song, "Rantin' Rovin' Robbie," by the President.


Page 59


     Toast "Robert Burns,--The Peoples' poet,--his fame and birthplace." J. W. McWilliams.

     Song, "Within a Mile of Edinboro Town," by the Secre­tary.

     Toast, "Burns, His Friendship and Loves," by Hewitt Craik.

     Song "Highland Mary" by the Treasurer.

     Toast, "Scotland and America" by W. S. Smith.

     Songs, "Scots Who Ha' Wi' Wallace Bled," and "E Pluri­bus Unum" by the Vice-President.

     Toast "The Poets of Freedom in the Old and New World" by F. B. Hunt.

     Songs, "Red, White and Blue," and "Marseillaise" by Club.

     Toast, "Modern Prose Writers" G. Will Craik.

     Song, "Volunteer."

     Toast, "Shakespeare", Ed S. Safford.

     Toast, "The Bonnie Lassies," by Jo. T. Craik.

     Songs, "Jennie wi' the Light Brown Hair," "Comin' Thru The Rye.," and "Auld Lang Syne," by the entire Club.


     MARCH 4--William A. Morgan of Cincinnati, Ohio, founds the Chase County Leader. The paper is a 7 column folio, published weekly. The advertising rates given are:­$20 a column per month--for a year, $100.


     Under the associations listed are: Zeredatha Lodge, No. 80, A. F. and A. M.; Angola Lodge No. 58, I. O. O. F.; the Robert Burns Club, with Robert Brash as President, J. W. Mc Williams, Vice-President; Hewitt Craik, Treasurer; W. S. Smith, Secretary. The Club meets quarterly at the Falls. Musical Association: W. S. Romigh, President; W. G. Patten, Instructor. The Falls Literary Society: Charles E. Gillett, President. The Union Sunday School: U. B. Warren, Superintendent; W. S. Romigh, Librarian; W. E. Prather, Secretary. The Methodist Episcopal Church: W. M. Robertson, Pastor.


     There are nine postoffices listed: Cottonwood Falls, Toledo, Elinor, Bazaar, Matfield Green; Middle Creek; Union; Silver Creek; and Cedar Point.


     W. S. Romigh and J. W. McWilliams are listed as real estate agents and lawyers.


     In the news summary, the terms of peace between Germany and France are given.


Page 60


     The first freight received at the Cottonwood Falls Depot was for the Brockett and Gillett Hardware Store, recently purchased from U. B. Warren.


     Mrs. Stephen M. Wood was the first lady that passed over The A. T. and S. F. railway between Emporia and Cottonwood Falls.


     Cattle in Chase county have been very healthy this season and thousands of steers will go to eastern markets soon.


     New stone school houses have been completed recently near Captain Brandley's, at Benoni Jeffrey's; on the A. T. Newkirk farm near the mouth of South Fork, at Bazaar, near Mr. Blackshere's, and at Toledo.


     L. D. Hinckley has refitted his hotel on Broadway near the bridge.


     J. H. Doolittle has enlarged the Falls House.


     The railroad bridge across Middle Creek is being built. The new $10,000 iron bridge will be put on its abutments in a few days.


     Three quarter-sections of land, five miles southeast of town and four homesteads on Fox creek have been filed on this week.


     N. J. Swayze and Jacob Rupert will open a large lumber yard here next week.


     Chase, Marion and Morris counties are to constitute the new senatorial district--the 26th.


     The cars of the A. T. & S. F. Ry. are now running to the new depot at this place. Chase county now has 35 miles of railroad track.


     Cedar Point is an important business place and is growing fast. Drinkwater and Co.'s Mill is known throughout southern Kansas. Pinkston, Young and Co., and Philo Ogden are the general stores there.

     Eighty tracts of school land are offered for sale by the county treasurer for $3 an acre, one-tenth must be paid, the balance in yearly installments with interest at 10 per cent.


     County Supt. J. G. Winne announces an examination for teachers on April 1st.


     D. H. McGinley and Son are the blacksmiths of the Falls. Rockwood and Estes conduct a meat market at the Falls. Henry Evans the barber, advertises his shop "on the hill." Richard Oles, boots and shoes; E. and C C. Hassler,

Page 61


     bakers and tailors; J. T. Norman, livery; C. F. Cahoone, Black­berry plants-are among the advertisers in the Leader.


     MARCH 11--The delinquent tax list of Chase county requires almost three columns in the Leader.


     F. M. Jennings is the first agent of the Santa Fe in Chase county.


     MARCH 18--The streets are crowded with freighters, and the hotels filled every night. Freight is being received here for southwestern Kansas and Indian Territory.


     The Mite society of the Falls, will meet on Wednesday. The contract is let for roads on the way to ElDorado. The Craik Brothers have the plans for a stone house on their Fox creek farm. It will be the finest residence in Chase county.


     Cedar Point will vote on bonds for a bridge at that place.


     The District Court will meet on April 3rd. W. R. Brown is the judge.


     The Falls graded schools will close on the 23rd. Miss­Sarah Hawkins (now Mrs. C. B. Graves of San Diego) is the principal and Miss Holsinger, assistant.


     Samuel Fogwell and Viola Drinkwater are married.


     N. J. Swayze is given the credit for the "architectural excellence" of the new buildings for Hunt and Co., Williams and Cormack, D. H. McGinley, Masonic and Odd Fellows Hall, and the Methodist Church, at the Falls.


     Rev. S. E. Pendleton, of Illinois, is assigned to Falls Methodist church.


     The Santa Fe station is now called Cottonwood. It has 12 houses although it is only two months old.


     A. S. Howard, attorney-at-law, and W. S. Smith; auctioneer, have cards in the Leader.


     The Leader will be printed on Thursday instead of Saturday hereafter.


     The postoffice at Doyle, in Marion county, is to be known as Florence hereafter. (Florence was named by Col. James M. Steele for his partner's little daughter, (now Mrs. Arthur Capper.)


     A meeting is called at the Falls to organize a cemetery association in accordance with the new law.


     Father Ponziglione of the Osage Mission, services at the new Catholic church in the Falls. A large congreation attends.


Page 62


     Dr. Wm. Morris, Lieutenant J. C. Stoughton, Emory D. Rawdon and three others settle on Rock Creek. All of them are ex-soldiers.


     F. B. Hunt is appointed by the Governor on the board to assess the railroads.


     D. M. Swope, who came to Ellinor a year ago, has 60 acres fenced and 30 acres broke, and is building a four-room house.


     A. J. Cracker, L. W. Coleman, Sam Bennet, Leroy Martin are making improvements in the Peyton creek neighborhood.


     APRIL 6--W. A. Morgan assures the readers that the Leader has come to stay.


     The Paola Advertiser is removed to Florence.


     The contracts for grading the Santa Fe railway from Florence to Newton, 30 miles, were let last Friray. The work is to be done by May 15th.


     The Fox creek district votes to build a new school house 14 by 18 feet.


     A millinery store is opened in the Falls by the Misses Thomas and Dougherty.


     Chase county now has 724 persons of school age and will receive $687.89 from the state school fund.


     Dr. A. M. Conaway of Toledo, has a card in the Leader.


     J. R. Critton, blacksmith and Ira Walker wagonmaker, have cards in the Leader.


     APRIL 13--The firm of Romigh and McWilliams is dissolved.


     The Santa Fe rails are laid ten miles west of the Falls. The telegraph poles are up beyond Osage City.


     Wm. Holsinger is building the Methodist parsonage. C. C Hassler is appointed postmaster at the Falls. Seventeen business and dwelling houses are under erection at the Falls.


     A. A. Robinson becomes the chief engineer of the Santa Fe Railway.


     The bonds for a bridge at Cedar Point carry.


     The Leader comments on the progress of the French commune.


     T. B. Murdock of the Walnut Valley Times is in the Falls.


Page 63


     He says the Augusta lobby is trying to have a daily mail from Florence. This would leave Bazaar, Matfield Green, Sycamore Springs and Chelsea out in the cold.


     APRIL 20--Bishop John B. Miege, of Leavenworth, will consecrate the Catholic church at the Falls on the 4th of May. Dr. Kopf, who has been away from his timber claim on French creek for 12 years, finds most of the timber missing. He was one of the original French colony there.


     S. N. Wood and wife return from Texas. They expect to sell their property here and move to Texas. They advertise 40 acre farms and 300 town lots for sale.


     An election is called for a $10,000 bond issue by Toledo township to secure a Santa Fe station convenient to Toledo. Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Dwelle and family arrive from Michigan and locate near Cedar Point.


     Cottonwood Falls now has 600 population.


     Robert Brash is appointed administrator of the estate of Wm. Dixon, an early settler of Chase county.


     APRIL 27--The Florence Pioneer appears. McReynolds and Mitchell, editors.


     El Dorado wins the Butler county seat election over Augusta by 31 votes.


     A teachers Institute is called for the 9th judicial district for May 16, 17 and 18th. Chase county teachers are required to attend.


     Dr. T. A. McKinney and C. T. Dixon of Bazaar dissolve partnership.


     MAY 4--David Wood leaves for Texas for a big drove of cattle.


     The Santa Fe is offered 40 acres of land at the Falls to locate their shops there.


     Mite Society organizes at the Falls to furnish the M. E. Church. Mrs. W. A. Morgan, president; Mrs. M. O. Prather, secretary; and Mrs. F. E. Gillett; treasurer.


     MAY 11--The telegraph lines will reach the Falls in a few days.


     Robinson's Circus will reach Emporia on the 26th.


     Seventy-three five-yoke ox-teams loaded with merchandise start from the Falls for Fort Sill, Indian territory.


     S. A. Perrigo of Minnesota buys a half-interest in the Gillett Hardware store at the Falls.


Page 64


     Col. S. N. Wood arranged for a special train to Emporia to hear Anna Dickinson. Sixty people from Chase county attend.


     The Friends are building a meeting house at Toledo. It is 30 X 60 feet.


     MAY 18 -- The telegrtaph office is now open at Cottonwood.


     Lyda Pringle of Middle Creek dies aged 17 years.


     The first train of cattle from Chase county was shipped from Cottonwood by John Gatewood on the 8th of May. There were 12 car loads.


     The Santa Fe has established a station in the Osage bottoms opposite Shipman's mill. It is to be called "Elmdale." A store house is under contract.


     Kuhl and Hillert have bought the J. J. Lehnhard shoe store.


     MAY 26 --A half-fare train is run by the Santa Fe for Robinson's Show at Emporia. It is the first time that Chase county has had such an excursion and it was neglected by very few.


     The Toledo township bonds were defeated by 49 to 71.


     The vote to locate the courthouse in the Falls had 235 majority.


     The Leader is now published on Fridays.


     JUNE 2 --The fare to ElDorado from the Falls is $4.00.


     The Congregationalists meet at the Falls to organize a society.


     Dr. Davis is married at Cedar Point to Miss Dean.


     The Santa Fe is carrying all goods for Augusta to Florence.


     JUNE 9--S. L. Ward, a graduate of Ann Arbor, forms a law partnership with S. N. Wood.


     The first piano in Cottonwood Falls purchased by W. G. Walker. There are severl organs and melodeons here.


     Work on the new Congregational church begins.


     The receipts of the Santa Fe at this point were $24,700 for the last three months. The company lands between Newton and Florence, were opened for sale on the lst.


     Elmdale has already a saw and grist mill, a blacksmith shop, and postoffice. Supt. T. J. Peter has promised to put in a depot and a side-track.


Page 65


     The Santa Fe has established Hunt's Station, on the land of H. L. Hunt, and the place is building fast. D. P. Shaft is postmaster. The D. P. Shaft home is a handsome cut-stone building. J. S. Crawford has a brick-kiln near the station. W. H. Shaft, John Patton, A. R. Ice, Hudson, and Payne have large farms near the station. Hunt's Station, says the Leader, is a fixture and is destined to be a live trading place.


     A Good Templars' lodge is organized at the Falls. Mrs. L. A. Presby opens a new millinery store.


     The government train, which left the Falls, is thought to be the one which was attacked by Indians near Fort Sill on the 19th. Seven teamsters are reported killed, one burned at the stake. General Sherman arrived on the 23rd and organized the pursuit. Five Kiowa chiefs were captured, three Indians were killed and two soldiers wounded.


     Complaints are being made of the unjust railroad rates charged by the railroads. From Emporia to the Falls the rate is 28 cents per hundred. More railroads are being uged as remedy. Only in this way will the land of the valleys be worth the price of $100 the acre, which Horace Greeley fore­told.


     JUNE 16--N. H. Core of Cincinnati visits the Falls to open a bank, but fails to do so.


     The A. T. & S. F. Ry. is running to Coneburg (Peabody) now.


     The Falls had a cutting affair between a white man and a negro on Sunday evening.


     The Good Templars Lodge, organized at the Falls, elects Wm. H. McGinley as Worthy Chief Templar. It is called "Faith Lodge," No. 204.


     A directors meeting is held in the Falls for the Neosho, Cottonwood Falls and Arkansas Valley Railroad. The officers elected are:---S. N. Wood, President; R. W. Randall, Vice-President; W. R. Brown, Secretary; H. L. Hunt, Superintendent; J. W. Loy, Americus, Treasurer; and A. S. Howard, Attorney. The books were opened for stock subscriptions and a preliminary survey ordered.


     Hasket and Powell have just brought 350 cattle from Texas.


     P. T. Lawless, the largest land owner in Diamond creek


Page 66


     township, has just built 1,000 rods of stone fence in three months. His sons are in business with him.


     The Supreme Court decides that the "herd law" is unconstitutional.


     JUNE 17--A tornado at ElDorado destroys $100,000 worth of property.


     JUNE 30--The new M. E. Church at the Falls will be done by August 8th.


     Florence Wood, Sarah Romigh, Mary Hunt and Anna Noland are attending the Episcopal Female Seminary (Bethany) at Topeka.


     Safford and Craik begin the survey of the C. K. and T. railroad from Council Grove to the Falls.


     Wm. Barnes of Cedar Creek, advertises "new patent ivory ball cups" to restore the sight without glasses.


     JULY 7--J. S. Doolittle runs a hack south to Chelsea three times a week.


     S. N. Wood is fencing 500 acres of fine land near the Falls.


     JULY 14--F. P. Cochran, has arrived in the Falls and organizes a large class in Penmanship.


     A grist mill is being built at Matfield Green.


     Craik Brothers import a fine thorough-bred Durham bull from Kentucky.


     The Leader now speaks of Cottonwood, the railway station, as Podunk and alludes to N. J. Swayze as the Mayor of the town.


     Wm. F. Baker, son of Governor Baker of Indiana, purchases seven quarter-sections of land near the head Dia mond creek. Two brothers will arrive shortly to help him in haying.


     Geo. W. Featherkile is injured in a row at Hunt's Station by a man named Logan.


     Mira L. Patton, teacher, reports the 12 best students in District No. 7.


     The Cedar Point bridge is being delayed by the sickness of the contractor, Mr. Lewis, of Emporia.


     The time for settlers to prove up on Osage lands has been extended to September 15th.


     The County Commissioners call an election for August 16 to vote upon the following bond propositions: (1) Chicago


Page 67


     Kansas and Texas Railway, and the Neosho, Cottonwood and Arkansas Valley, $150,000; (2) Cedar Point, ElDorado and Texas Railway, and the Elmdale and Marion Center Railway branches of the A. T. & S. F. Ry.


     An election is also called for issuing $40,000 bonds to build a court house, for the same date, August 16, 1871.


     JULY 17--The Santa Fe begins running trains to Newton.


     JULY 21--Chase county is divided into three commissioner districts; first Toledo and Bazaar townships; second Falls; third, Diamond Creek and Cottonwood.


     The Leader prints an article favoring the railroad thru Cottonwood Falls but opposing the two branches from Elmdale and Cedar Point.


     JULY 28--A Congregational society is organized at Cedar Point by Rev. H. A. Brundage. Work on the building has already begun.


     Eight trains a day are being run over the Santa, Fe.


     JULY 29--Camp meeting begins at Cedar Point.


     AUGUST 4--The Toledo school closes on account of scarlet fever.


     Cattle near Bazaar are dying of Texas fever.


     William and Cormack open a new drug store at the Falls.


     AUGUST 8-Emporia District Ministerial Institute meets at the Falls.


     The report of the Falls schools says that "less than 100% in deportment is considered disgraceful". Eddie Ellis and Johnnie McGinley are graded 60 and 45 per cent respectively. (It may be well to state here that both of these young men made high grades as newspaper men in Kansas later on.)


     J. L. C'rawford is advertising brick for sale at his kiln near Hunt's station.


     AUGUST 11--Twelve new settlers locate near the Falls this week.


     Seth M. Hays, of Council Grove, states that he came to Council Grove in 1844, and shortly after, the Neosho was dry for 18 months. When the land sales were made in 1854, he bought his farm on Osage bottoms, at the mouth of Diamond creek, because more grass grew there than in any other part of Wise county.


Page 68


     1871


     The A. T. & S. F. Railway is building a depot half a mile west of the mouth of middle creek.


     Kuhl and Hillert dissolve partnership. The firm will be Hillert and Biebert.


     AUG. 18--The bond election resulted as follows:--The Chicago, Kansas and Texas, and the Neosho, Cottonwood and Arkansas Valley bonds for $150,000 carried by 150 majority. The bonds for branches of the Santa Fe from Elmdale and Cedar Point were defeated overwhelmingly. (Both of these branches were built later from Florence.) Bonds for the court house carried.


     F. Preston Cochran's card as an attorney-at-law appears in the Leader.


     Philo Ogden is putting up a two-story building at Cedar Point just across the street from the school house. It is 20 by 50 The second story will be a town hall.


     Shipman and Critton's thresher is at work on lower Diamond creek. Wheat averages from 28 to 36 bushels to the acre.


     The Leader is threatened with prosecution for advertising an unlicensed saloon.


     At the recent Institute of Emporia District Ministerial association held in the Falls for three days, the following ministers were present: Revs. Rhoades, P. E. B. Kelly, J. Mc Anulty, A. Avery; S. E. Pendleton ; W. Bufington, W. M. Roberton, S. A. Green, and H. A. Bruddage, of the Congregational church and Father Powell of the Catholic church. The last two named are honorary members. The program included the subjects: Atonement, Sanctifiication, Heavenly Recognition, Sabbath, Holy Spirit, Spiritualism, Roman Catholicism, the Abrahamic Covenant, Probation, Popular Amusements, and other subjects of similar character.


     AUG. 25--A Sabbath school has been organized in Fox creek. Hewitt Craik is the superintendent.


     30,000 cattle are in the Falls neighborhood awaiting shipment. Six cars were shipped on Tuesday.


     The tragedy at Newton is described in the Leader. Six men are killed and two wounded in a dance hall fight on Sunday last.


Page 69


     SEPT. 1--Corn will average 75 bushels to the acre in Chase county.


     SEPT. 2--The annual Dunkard Love Feast is held on the south side of the Cottonwood river, 16 miles east of the Falls at the Baker school house. (Since '56 these Love Feasts have been observed in Chase county. The first three families to settle here--the Daniel Holsingers, the Nathan Corys and the Gabriel Jacobs were members of this church. Gabriel Jacobs was a minister of this denomination and upon the arrival of the colony the first Love Feast was called to give thanks to God for the good fortunes of the journey from Indiana hither. The Ulrichs, who later moved to Douglass county, were prominent members also. Gabriel Jacobs was an old man at the time of his coming and was the first of the colony to die. His grave is in the cemetery near where he settled. Jacobs creek and Jacobs Mound were named for this splendid man. A number of his descendents still live in this and Lyon county.


     The Sunday school conference of the Cottonwood quarterly meeting of the Friends is held at the Cottonwood school house west of Emporia on the 1st, 2nd and 4th. (Toledo township was largely settled by members of the denomination of Friends--most of them coming from North Carolina and Tennessee. The raid of John Brown so inflamed the people of the south against all those who were opposed to slavery that even the peace-loving Friends were made the subjects of their animus.) The settlements of Toledo, Plymouth and Saffordville were made up largely of Friends, and their high standards of living influenced greatly the development of community living in Chase county.


     Dr. J. Trueworthy is appointed to examine invalid pensioners in Chase county.


     A baseball team is organized in the Falls. It is called the "Blue Stars" and Wm. H. McGinley is captain.


     SEPT. 22--Minnie Ellis, editor of the "Sunflower" a school paper, offers an original poem suggested by a ramble on Buck Creek. It is printed in the Leader.


     Work on the Toledo depot begins.


     Candidates are announcing. "His Many Friends" nominates S. N. Wood for the legislature; "Vox Populi" wants


Page 70


     Jabin Johnson to run the sheriff's office; "Citizens" asks M. C. Newton to come out for County Clerk; W. S. Smith announces himself as a candidate.


     The Grand jury returns seven indictments for selling liquor without licenses.


     S. N. Wood sells his cattle and ranch in Texas and decides to stay here and run for the legislature.


     SEPT. 29--A cornet band is being organized at the Falls. A. Strehle opens a general store at Bazaar.


     A wedding is celebrated at "Kanawha Ranch" on Fox creek the home of the Craik Brothers. The bride has been cooking there and the groom herding. They depart for their honeymoon with $250 worth of table linen and men's apparel.


     Hibbs and McKinney open another drug store in the Falls.


     F. P. Cochran, who was rescued from drowning three months ago has his nose grazed by a bullet accidently discharged.


     It is announced that the "Uplands" are really better for farming than the "low lands."


     An obituary poem is printed in the Leader for Annie Samira Byran aged two years.


     The county commissioners advertise for bids for a court house and jail according to plans drawn by J. G. Haskell, of Lawrence.


     OCT--6 T. S. Jones, a graduate of the Lexington, Virginia, Law School, opens a law office in the Falls.


     The Masons and Odd Fellows, of Chase county, will give a ball, a social, and a supper in the Falls on the 24th. Three large halls have been engaged. The tickets for the three affairs will be $5. For the social and supper, only $3. One ticket will admit one gentleman and his accompanying ladies. South Fork precinct now has over fifty votes.


     OCT. 13--The A. T. & S. F. Ry. is surveying their lands in Chase county.


     A section hand is burned to death at Hunt's Station while trying to rescue his horse from the burning stable.


     Heavy losses from prairie fires on Fox creek.


     A board of trade is organized at the Falls. The members elected are: H. L. Hunt, S. N. Wood, J. S. Doolittle,


Page 71


     C, A. Britton, W. S. Smith, A. S. Howard, Asa Gillett; W. R. Brown; Dr. G. W. Williams, Isaac Alexander, and W A. Morgan.


     The Leader reviews the legislative membership for Chase county.In '61, Col. S. N. Wood was elected senator from this district. In '62, C. S. Lambdin; in '63, E. A. Alford in the house and S. N. Wood from Morris county. In '65 we had no senator and M. R. Leonard served in the house. In '66, S. N. Wood was elected to the legislature but was kept in New Mexico, due to a broken leg. In '67 Col. Wood was in the senate and Captain Brandley was in the house. In '68, O. H. Drinkwater was in the house and in '69, E. B.Crocker was a member of the house. In '70, F. B. Hunt was elected to the house and in '71, Stephen M. Wood.


     The Chicago fire is reported by the Leader, 50,000 people are homeless.


     Corn is selling for 30 cents a bushel.


     OCT. 20--The Topeka Cotillon band is engaged for the dance on the 24th and the floor is waxed and sanded.


     OCT. 26--The Republican county convention nominates the following ticket: S. N. Wood, representative; A. S. Howard, treasurer; Jabin Johnson, sheriff; S. A. Breese, county clerk; A. P. Gandy, register of deeds; Sid Breese, clerk of the court; W. W. Sanders, surveyor; Dr. G. W. Rogers, coroner; County Commissioners, Henry Brandley and E. W. Pinkston.


     OCT. 27--Joseph Hackett is married to Lydia Lynvil at Bellefontaine, Ohio.


     The new iron bridge is finished at Cedar Point.It is 110 feet long.


     James Fisher, who settled in Chase county in '55 was attacked on last Saturday morning by a farm-hand named Martin Gross. Mr. Fisher was ill at the time in his home, near the mouth of South Fort. Gross struck him several blows with an iron bolt and left him for dead. He recovered sufficiently to call for help and make a statement of the attack. He died on Monday, at the home of Arch Miller. (The murderer was arrested and sent to the penitentiary for years and died here some years afterwards.) Gross had laid his plans so as to make it appear that a well-known Mexican who worked in the community would be apprehended for the crime.


Page 72


     NOV. 3--Wm. Clapp, a merchant from Emporia, opens a shoe store in the Falls.


     Robert B. McDowell, aged 20 years, died on October 27th.


     A meeting is called by Hewitt Craik to organize a Farmers Club.


     H. L. Hammer and Helen M. Halden are married; also R. M. Smith and Celia Oles.


     The contract for the new courthouse is let to James Bannon, of Leavenworth, and work will commence next week.


     NOV. 10--J. W. M~eWilliams is elected to the legislature, F. E. Smith, sheriff; and H. L. Hunt, Samuel Baker and E. W. Pinkston, commissioners.The Republican ticket was elected with three exceptions.


     The courthouse bonds are sold for 88 cents on the dollar. Stephen M. Wood is elected railroad commissioner for the ninth district.


     Dr. Canaday, colored, candidate for coroner carried one precinct, Diamond creek.


     S. N. Wood went west on Saturday. He offers all his property for sale.


     The Farmers Club is organized with W. G. Patton as president and Hewitt Craik, secretary.


     Henry Brandley is a candidate for journal clerk of the state. He has lived in Chase county 12 years.


     NOV. 24--Steps are taken to incorporate Cottonwood Falls as a city of the third class.


     The Santa Fe will be ballasted with broken stone. 100,000 cords are now being delivered here.


     Judge W. R. Brown, of the 9th judicial district, is now holding court in Wichita.


     Chas. Myers will convert his saloon into a bakery.


     W. W. Sanders, principal of the Falls schools, reports 37 pupils enrolled in the lower room which Miss Hannah Pickett teaches, 42 are enrolled in the upper room.


     DEC. 1--The Rettiger brothers move to Cottonwood Falls from Leavenworth to work on the court house. Jno. Emslie, who has the contract for getting out the stone, comes here to live.


Page 73


     The hunting party--Cochran, Ward and Gillett--has returned from the buffalo range.


     DEC. 8 --Protracted meeting at the Methodist church in the Falls.


     J. S. Doolittle has rented his hotel at the Falls to Dunlap and Dietrick.


     Mrs. Wayne Lee dies at Toledo.


     DEC. 21--There is a shooting match for turkeys on the Jno. O'Byrne farm on Diamond creek, dance in the evening. B. F. Strong opens a book store in the Falls.


     A party of local hunters returned from a hunt on the Big Canadian. They killed 15 buffaloes and many wild turkeys. S. N. Wood offers his lands at $15 per acre-1100 acres at the Falls and his farms near Elmdale. The land is worth $25 an acre, the Leader states.


     Cottonwood Falls has doubled its population in 9 months.o:p>


     The new bell donated by Senator Pomeroy has been placed in the cupola of the Congregational church at the Falls.


     The Marion County Bank of Florence announces that the cashier, Peter Aller, will be in the Falls every Thursday to sell exchange and to receive deposits.


     A horse race, which attracts a large crowd, is run near the railroad station between Dick Pratt's "Bob", and Chas. Loomis' "Burt." bThe latter wins the championship of the county.


     A school district has been organized at the home of Wm. Holsinger. It is No. 22.


     DEC. 29--The bell is placed in the Falls Methodist church.


     Rev. McAuley, of the United Presbyterian church, will preach on Sunday at the Falls school house.


     The public well at the Falls has been completed. It is 51 feet deep and has 23 feet of water in it.


     A Union Sabbath School Christmas tree is enjoyed at the Falls.


     Eight students from Chase county are attending the State Normal.


Page 74


     1872


     JAN. 1--The Old Settlers give a social and dance at Mrs. Jane Shafts--seeing the Old Year out and the New Year in. A deer hunt is held on New Year's day and "panting hounds, weary ponies, saddles of venison and the exultant hunters told the rest."


     H. L. Hunt received notice on New Year's eve to go home and take up the carpets. He did. J. S. Doolittle made the music for a large and joyous crowd.


     JAN. 5--Mary R. Durey sues District No. 10 for breach of contract. She gets judgment for $60.


     The Cottonwood Falls Debating society debates: "Resolved:---That the sine qua non of the times demand the organization of a new political party." The next subject for debate will be, " Resolved:---That the Scriptures teach the ultimate holiness and happiness of the whole human family subsequent to the resurrection." W. S. Romigh will affirm and F. B. Hunt deny.


     JAN. 5--The Kansas Magazine appears and is reviewed in the Leader.


     The Leader prints a poem (?) beginning


     "Father, I live near the Falls,

     A very noted place,

     It's where Dick Pratt and Snyder

     Run the pony race."


     JAN. 12--Amos Noyes is the postmaster at Fox Creek. The Neosho Valley Bank at Emporia becomes the First National.


     The Odd Fellows install officers: A. G. Minor, N. G.; Hewitt Craik, V. G.; W. J. Dougherty, Treasurer; M. C Newton, Secretary.


     The family of John Stout is thought to be poisoned but it proves to be due to tartar emetic instead of baking powder.


     "Chase" writes from Topeka: "The Kansas Pacific will be the Chairman of the Committee on Railroads. All the other railroads will be on the committee. It will be emphatically a Railroad Committee."


     JAN. 19--H. Brandley is journal clerk in the Senate. "Providence permitting, the new M. E. Church in Cottonwood Falls will be dedicated to the service of Almighty God, Feb. 11, 1872.


Page 75


     Rev. D. P. Mitchell, of Topeka, is expected to conduct the services."


     (Signed) S. E. Pendleton, P. C.


     A boy was found hanging on Middle Creek on last Friday. The jury decides it was accidental.


     Enoch Randall, of Buck Creek, draws out the shot from his gun, puts in a red-hot poker to explode the powder, and then blows in the gun to hasten the explosion. It hastens, but his face is badly lacerated.


     The Congregational Union donates $400 to the church at the Falls. $200 more will put the church out of debt.


     S. N. Wood arranged with the Santa Fe for a town site at the Big Bend of the Arkansas at Dick Custiss' old ranch. It is to be called Big Bend.


     The Third Sabbath School conference of the Society of Friends met at Toledo Twelfth month, 30th day, 1871. S. P. Dillon, Anna J. Thompson, Dr. Wm. Hunt, Wm. Bales, S. A. Bailey, Rachel Jeffreys, Mahlon Stubbs, Jas. Hurst, Mary Moon, Catherine Hammer, J. B. Morgan, Jacob V. Carter, Rachel P. Stanley, and J. G. Winne took part in the meeting.


     Misses Mary and Estelle Hunt, and Florence Wood are among the first to be introduced to the Grand Duke Alexis at the reception in Topeka. They next meet General Sheridan who entertains them a few minutes with his brilliant wit.


     First list of unclaimed letters is printed in the Leader.


     FEB. 2--P. Aller visits Cedar Point every Monday as cashier of the Marion county bank.


     Hewitt Craik and Mary C Holden are married.                   "The News says, we have not seen such general interest ina wedding here."


     The Germans give a real German dance at the Falls­--everything in genuine "vaterland" style.


     Fine valentines, perfumed sachets, etc., are offered at the Falls Book Store.


     Another home-made rhyme appears in the Leader. One verse is as follows:


     "The Lawyers to this country is a curs

     They profess for justis to stand;

     And it's plain to be seen they justis rvurce

     And the roags run over the land."


Page 76


     H. L. Hunt makes statement as to what has been done in the sale of the court house bonds.


     Ice on the Cottonwood fifteen inches thick.


     Rev. Sol Brown baptises six people in Diamond creek.


     School district No. 22, Diamond creek, votes $1,200 to build a school house.


     Wm. Holsinger, who came to Chase county in '58, trades his farm for one near Kansas City. He will leave soon for his new home.


     The re-election of Pres. Grant threatens to split the Republican voters in Chase county, but the Leader advocates his renomination.


     The herd law passes the house of representatives.


     FEB. 13--U. B. Warren dies at the Falls. He is county treasurer. The funeral is one of the largest in the history of the county. He was born in Erie, Penn., June 1, 1842. He came to Kansas in '62.


     FEB. 16--The M. E. church at the Falls is dedicated. Rev. D. P. Mitchell preaches on "Immortality." The debt of the church, $2,200 is raised. The total cost was $8,900.


     The Congregationalists at the Falls raise $120 to pay the debt of their church.


     FEB. 18--Wm. Harris and Emily Faris are married.


     FEB. 23--Chas. Meyers of the Falls is building the first bake-oven in Chase county.


     Rev. Lee Upton, of the Methodist church South, dies at his home on Buck creek.


     Wm. Graik, of Fox.creek, leaves for Kentucky where he will remain.


     The Republican county convention declares for U. S. Grant for a second term and elects A. S. Howard and S. N. Wood as delegates to the State Convention.


     "Justice" nominated Col. S. N. Wood for Congress.


     FEB. 23--The Leader completes its first year and reminds the people that every promise the editor made has been fulfilled.


     MARCH 1--A. S. Howard resigns as probate judge and Governor Harvey appoints T. S. Jones to fill the vacancy.


     A meeting is called to organize a building society.


     MARCH 8--Plate of Cottonwood (Santa Fe station) is put on record and lots are offered for sale from $12.50 to $30 each.


Page 77


     D. A. Williams is the station agent at Cottonwood.


     Corn is selling for 69 cents.


     A. S. Howard is appointed county treasurer to succeed U. B. Warren..


     School District No.- 23 is organized in Diamond creek township. The first meeting is held at David Ramsey's.


     The fall wheat in Toledo township is almost entirely winter killed.


     S. N. Wood withdraws all his land from sale.


     By the new law it is unlawful to kill prairie chickens between March 1st and August 1st, or quail between March 1st and October 1st.


     MARCH 8--Mrs. Wm. Holsinger died aged 43 years.


     MARCH 10--Henry Proeger and Emma Beasley are married.


     MARCH 15--Rev. B. Presby is assigned to the churches at Cedar Point and Florence.


     MARCH 15--The Normal Institute for Teachers will be held in Augusta, April 2nd.


     The new road from Toledo to the Falls is opened, and the old Minneola and Santa Fe State road is vacated:


     Rev. N. F. Tipton succeeds Rev. S. E. Pendleton at the Falls M. E. church.


     MARCH 22--Large emigrant trains are passing thru for western Kansas.


     Building stone is now shipped from Chase county to Leavenworth.


     The annual school meetings are to be held the last Thursday in March.


     Born:--On March 15, to Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Jones, of Saffordville, a son; to Mr. and Mrs. John Scribner, on March 16, a daughter.


     Stephen Breese and Mary Riley were married on the 19th.


     MARCH 29--W. C. Edwards buys N. J. Swayze's interest in the lumber yard.


     The Falls school meeting instructs the school to hire no teachers without first grade certificates. A. S. Howard, J. S. Doolitle and W. J. Daugherty are the board members.


Page 78


     The District Court convenes. There are two murder cases and 25 other cases pending.


     H. Brandley is made secretary of the committee to audit Indian claims.


     APRIL 5--A brewery is promised to Matfield Green.


     Mrs. Judd, on Rock creek, is one of the best weavers in Chase county, the Leader states.


     David Pyle of Toledo, sells his property and takes his family to Ohio to remain while he devotes his time as a missionary to the freedmen in Tennessee.


     APRIL 12--Sol Varner goes to Winfield to open a harness shop.,


     The masons are laying the foundation of the court house: The lightning rod agent is in our midst.


     The Liberal Covention is held at the Falls. A. B. Watson is the chairman and Hewitt Craik, secretary. The delegates to the Topeka convention are: S. N. Wood, Hewitt Craik, W. S. Smith, F. P. Cochran, and J. S. Doolittle.


     Wm. Polk, Jr., of Council Grove, is acquitted here of the charge of murder.


     APRIL 19--The Ninth Judicial District now consists of Chase, Marion, Harvey, Reno and Rice Counties.


     Dr. Ellis, who was here a short time ago to visit his two children, Minnie and Edward, dies at Central City, Colo.


     Henry Wagoner and Louisa Fleming are married on South Fork.


     Born: to Mr. and Mrs. N. J. Swayze a son.


     The Union Sunday School at the Falls elects F. B. Hunt as superintendent, Mrs. W. A. Morgan, assistant, W. S. Romigh,secretary; and Fred Perrigo and May Gandy, librarians.


     Teachers certifiicates are granted to Maria Barns, Alice J. Lee, L. A. Kellogg, J. C. and J. D. Bales, and J. F: Campbell.


     APRIL 26--Alice J. Lee is teaching the Fox creek school.


     Lydia A. Davis, wife of Dr. I. V. Davis, dies in Butler county, aged 17 years.


     MAY 3--A United Presbyterian society is organized at the Falls by Rev. McAuly. W. W. Sanders and Chas. McDowell are elected elders.


     A Methodist Sabbath School is organized by Rev. N. F. Tipton, superintendent and H. P. Brockett, secretary.


Page 79


     Thomas Barber and wife start on a tramp thru Missouri and Texas for the double purpose of finding a home and health. He lost his health in the army.


     MAY 10--Martin Gross is convicted of the murder of Jas. Fisher and is sentenced to 21 years in the penitentiary. The jury stood 11 to 1 for murder in the first degree.


     MAY 17--The Teachers Institute for this judicial district will meet in Marion Center, June 4, 5 and 6.


     P. C. Jeffrey, of Diamond Creek, starts a store at Elmdale.


     B: F. Talkington, architect and builder, locates at Elmdale. Mr. Sedoris, from Michigan, is building a hotel at Elmdale. Miss R. A. Seamans is teaching the Elmdale school.


     One of the hardest fought law suits in the local courts was that of J. R. Blackshere against the A. T. & S. F. Ry. for damages to his ranch, Clover Cliff. The jury awards him $2,400 for the right-of-way thru his farm. The caseis appealed.


     The stone for the new Normal school at Emporia will be taken from the quarries at Cottonwood.


     A force pump is put in the town well.


     The county commissioners order the administrators of U. B. Warren to turn over to A. S. Howard, county treasurer, $8,000 of county funds. There is still $2,000 claimed by the county.


     The David family give two entertainments at the Falls M. E. Church. (This was the most popular company of entertainers in the State at the time. Their home was on the Whitewater and the Old Settlers still speak of their fine programs.)


     Died: Levi Harrison Hardy, on May 5th, at home on Cedar Creek. His death was caused from a broken leg. He was 32 years old, and a native of Boston, Mass.


     MAY 24--Cottonwood Falls and North Cottonwood Falls are incorporated as a city of the third class.


     W. C. Edwards, who has yards at Cottonwood Station, is shipping lumber to Marion and Butler counties.


     "Many Voters" urges public spirited men for our public office in order, as he puts it, "to give eclat to our embryo city."


Page 80


     J. M. Tuttle sells his property on Fox creek and moves to the Falls.


     Sheriff Smith advertises a sale of Dennis Ryan's land to satisfy a judgment in favor of his brother, Patrick Ryan.

     MAY 28--The first city election in Cottonwood Falls results as follows: There are 82 votes cast. W. S. Smith, is elected mayor, and C. A. Britton, G. W. Williams, A. S. Howard, W. J. Daugherty, and Geo. W. Estes are elected council men. J. S. Doolittle is police judge.


     Under the new homestead law 160 acres valued at $1.25 an acre will cost $14 for the first entry and $4 to prove up. The first meeting of the city council of the Falls---and the first in the county--is held. M. C. Newton is appointed clerk; C. C. Whitson, marshal; A. P. Gandy, treasurer; and Jabin Johnson, street commissioner.


     C. Schnavely had two horses stolen near Elmdale and Dr. Conaway's horse is stolen at Toledo.


     Ida E. Hinckley, daughter of L. D. Hinckley, celebrates her 16th birthday with a party at the Hinckley Hotel. School district No. 24 is organized on Fox Creek.


     JUNE 6--Married: Zeno W. Morgan and Mrs. Rebecca Moore, of Toledo.


     JUNE 14--The first ordinance passed by the Falls city council provides for a license of $200 per year for a saloon.


     E. B. Jewett, a young lawyer of the Falls, is struck by lightning while standing in front of the Hinckley hotel. He will recover. (Mr. Jewett not only recovered but became prominent in the public life of Kansas. He located at Wichita and was warden of the penitentiary, 1899 to 1903.)


     JUNE 21--Florence holds the first election there for city officers.


     Fall wheat on Cedar creek will average 10 to 16 bushels to the acre.


     The Hinckley Hotel at the Falls is so covered with lightning rods that it is compared to an enraged porcupine. The first license to sell liquor in the Falls is issued to John N. Nye.


     Married: Fredrick Starkey and Permelia Somerscales; Wilson Stout and Alice Ann Foreman; Geo. Collett, Sr. to Mrs. Catherine Page.


Page 81


     E. B. Jewett, a young lawyer of the Falls, is struck by lightning while standing in front of the Hinckley hotel. He will recover. (Mr. Jewett not only recovered but became prominent in the public life of Kansas. He located at Wichita and was warden of the penitentiary, 1899 to 1903.)


     JUNE 21--Florence holds the first election there for city officers.


     Fall wheat on Cedar creek will average 10 to 16 bushels to the acre.


     The Hinckley Hotel at the Falls so covered with lightning rods that it is compared to an enraged porcupine. The first license to sell liquor in the Falls is issued to John N. Nye.


     Married: Fredrick Starkey and Permelia Somerscales ; Wilson Stout and Alice Ann Foreman; Geo. Collett, Sr. to Mrs. Catherine Page.


     JULY 4--Bazaar and Cedar Point observe the day with Community picnics.


     JULY 12--Rev. J. G. Freeborn is assigned to the Congregational churches at Diamond Creek and Cedar Point. Principal G. W. Hoss, of the State Normal School, lectures in the Falls on "Education."


     John Emslie is getting out large stones for the Capitol at Topeka. Each stone weighs more than 13,000 lbs.


     The Leader acknowledges the first issue of the Hutchinson News and wishes it success.


     Gilbert M. Venable; of Memphis, Tenn., owns 1,640 acres and is negotiating for more.


     JULY 19--The county commissioners refuse to approve state road from Toledo to the Falls.


     A pound is established and Omer Hinckley is the pound keeper.


     The personal and real property of Chase county totals two million dollars.


     AUG. 3--A Harvest Home festival is held in Dr. Leonard's grove at Bazaar.


     Fifty Pottawatomies pass thru on a hunting trip.


     Three horses were stolen this week.


     Seven homesteads were taken in the Homestead country this week.


Page 82


     The iron for the county jail is ordered.


     Cottonwood township will vote on issuing $48,000 in bonds for the Walnut Valley road from Cedar Point to ElDorado.


     AUG. 9--500 sheep are brought to Cedar Point.


     Wm. Barker dies at the home of his father, James Barker, aged 16 years.


     Democratic mass meeting is called for the 31st, H. L. Hunt, chairman.


     Thomas O'Donnell, of Middle creek, protests against the use of the local school house for religious services. Rev. C G. Allen is conducting them.


     AUG. 13--Harvest Home ball at Britton's hall in the Falls.


     A hay baling company is organized at the Falls. Twenty-five families settled in southern Chase county this week. Homesteads were secured for five of them. Sidewalks are being put down in Cottonwood Falls.


     AUG. 23--Wm. Shaft's sorrel mare beats Loomis' "Burt'", the "Champion of the Southwest." A purse of $400 was up and a large crowd sees the event. Cattle, horses and cash changed hands on the result.


     AUG. 26--Mrs. P. P. Shriver, of Cedar Point, is dead.


     AUG. 30--Wm. Turner is postmaster at Bazaar.


     J. W. McWilliams locates 19 families on farms in Chase county.


     The bonds in Cottonwood township for the Walnut Valley railway are voted by 30 majority.


     The Democrats nominate a county ticket.


     SEPT. 6--John Martin, of Topeka, speaks at the Falls on political issues.


     SEPT. 13--P. B. Plumb retires from the practice of law.


     SEPT. 15--Bishop Jas. Craik, of Louisville, Kentucky, preaches at the Falls. He is the father of Hewitt Craik, of Kanawha Ranch, on Fox creek.


     Corn on the D. P. Shaft place will average 90 bushels to the acre. Mr. Shaft has completed the best barn in southern Kansas. It is 50 by 54 feet.


     The Liberal Republican convention meets at the Falls.


Page 83


     Hewitt Craik and O. J. Hunt are elected delegates to the state convention.


     Court convenes at the Falls. There are 30 cases on the docket--only two are criminal.


     The commissioners order school levies in the 26 districts of the county. The tax ranges from 27 mills in Dist. 23 to 21/2 mills in District 13.


     The state board of equalization has fixed the value of Chase county lands at $5.048 per acre. The highest valuation set is in Leavenworth county--$12. The lowest is McPherson county--$2.73 an acre.


     Willis Barnes dies after a long illness, following sunstroke.


     O. F. Brashear's card at attorney-at-law appears.


     School district No. 26, Toledo, sells $1,200 bonds to build a school house. The bonds bring $.875. They bear 10%. (Discounting a ten per cent bond 12 1/2% shows something of the price the first settlers of Chase county paid for schools.)


     SEPT. 27-- Born to Judge and Mrs. W. R. Brown, a son. The Toledo depot is located a mile west of Buckeye creek.


     Mrs. C. B. Hardy, after the death of her son, sells her farm on Cedar creek, and returns to Boston.


     John Emslie decides to become a permanent resident of Chase county and develop the quarries.


     S. A. Cobb, Republican candidate for Congress, and Geo. T. Anthony address the people of Chase County on the issues of the day.


     OCT. 4--The first advertisement for the sale of unclaimed freight in Chase county appears in the Leader.


     F. P. Cochran is appointed city attorney of the Falls.


     The firm of Smith and Nichols, cattle dealers on Bill's creek in the southwestern corner of Chase county, dissolve partnership.


     E. A. Hildebrand, of the Edwards lumber yard, at Cottonwood, is accidentally shot in the ankle.

     OCT. 11-- Leroy Martin, W. P. Martin, and D. M. Swope return from a buffalo hunt near Larned. They saw thousands of buffaloes and killed eleven.


Page 84


     OCT. 18-Nicholas Rettiger and Lizzie Nye are married.


     Mrs. Thomas Winn, of Fox creek, dies.


     J. L. Crawford's brick house is completed at Hunt's Station. The bricks were made on the premises.


     Fall wheat is worth 1.80 per bushel.


     Safford is the name of the new station just west of Buckeye creek. It is named in honor of Judge Safford, of Topeka. Bingham Scott, of Cadiz, Ohio, is the "proprietor" of Safford. His agent is J. P. Scott. The townsite is being platted.


     The first trial in the Falls under the new city ordinance is held and a riotous young man from Middle creek is fined $2.50 for "disturbing the peace."


     The Republican county convention nominates this ticket: W. S. Smith, representative; C. C. Whitson, probate judge; F. P. Cochran, county attorney; H. A. Brundage, county superintendent; S. A. Breese, clerk of the court.


     OCT. 25--The surveyors begin work on the Cedar Point and ElDorado branch of the Santa Fe.


     F. P. Cochran and J. W. McWilliams form a law partnership


     Frank Doster drives from Marion Center to the Falls via Florence, and his horse dies the next morning.


     Liberal Republicans nominate Wm. Jeffrey for representative; J. T. Craik, for probate judge; W. S. Romigh, county attorney; W. S. Hargrove, clerk of the court; and O. P. Noble for county superintendent of schools. Hewitt Craik is endorsed for state senator.


     J. G. Winne is asked to become a candidate for superintendent of schools by leading Republicans as they learn that H. A. Brundage, their nominee, was a candidate before the Democratic convention for the nomination for the same office. Mr. Winne accepts.


     A. R. Ice has the correspondence between him and W. W. Fagan, assistant superintendent of the Santa Fe, to show the insulting character of letters sent in reply to his claims for damages for cattle killed. (The killing of cattle by the trains, before the railroad was fenced was one of the chief sources of disputes between the railroad and the farmers. Next to this the burning of hay and stables by fires starting from the engines. Numerous lawsuits resulted from these losses.)


Page 85


     T. J. Jones announces as an independent candidate for county attorney.


     The issues of the fall campaign are: The defeat of S. C. Pomeroy, for United States senator; the defeat of U. S. Grant for mal-administration ; and the fencing of railroads by the companies. And the campaign is an arduous one.


     NOV. 1--Captain H. Brandley is the nominee of the Republicans for state senator.


     Died: Mrs. John Prather of Falls township.


     Nine lots are sold in Cottonwood Station and two houses are building.


     Williams and Cormack sell their drug store in the Falls to Wilbur, Powell and Jas. Craik.


     A meeting is called to organize a Farmer's Club in school district No. 18. (This proved to be one of the most effective organizations for bettering the conditions of rural living in this part of the state.)


     NOV. 8--Chase county cast 483 votes for U. S. Grant for president, and 186 for Horace Greeley. Wm. Jeffrey is elected representative by 6 votes; J. G. Winne, county superintendent by 127; the Republicans elected all officers excepting Wm. Jeffrey. (The Liberal Republicans and Democrats united forces but failed in the election. A number of Republicans, however, were estranged permanently from their party during this campaign. Grant carried Kansas by 35,000.)


     Chase county, for the first time in its history, sends a Democrat to the legislature.


     NOV. 15--sidewalks of flagging not less than three inches thick and ten feet wide are ordered for the west side of Broadway street in the Falls.


     NOV. 18--The "Cedar Creek Farmers' Club" is organized in Dist. No. 18.


     NOV. 22--0. J. Hunt is shipping 1,200 cords of wood to Dodge City and Fort Larned. He ships from Safford. (This sale of wood denuded the Cottonwood as far as Florence. In many places the entire growth of timber was cut from the streams. Walnut, which later on was of large value, was sold for cord-wood at this time.)


     NOV. 24--J. S. Doolittle sells his "Stone Store" and will retire from business "for the present."


Page 86


     J. M. Tuttle advertises "The New Grocery,"in the Falls.


     The Leader speaks of "The Sunflower" edited by Minnie Ellis, Spinster, in complimentary terms--;and quotes from it largely.


     The officers of the Cedar Creek Farmers' Club are: S. S. Vanderin, president; A. Varner, vice-president; F. L. Drinkwater, secretary; J. B. Ferguson, treasurer. The objects of the organization are stated to be, "self improvement and the better development of agriculture in our midst."


     The tax levy for '72 is 18 mills.


     Leroy Martin states in the Leader that T. S. Jones is purchasing county orders for him exclusively.


     NOV. 30--John Lansberry, a soldier in the War of 1812, dies at Matfield Green, aged 79 years.


     Turkey Shooting at Frank Copeland's on Dec. 21st.


     DEC. 2--Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Hewitt Craik, a daughter.


     Prigo's store is robbed of $60.


     Mrs. Houston is having a fine stone residence built 8 miles west of the Falls.


     DEC 6--Leroy Martin sells one thousand bushels of barley to the Topeka brewery.


     Philo Ogden is appointed postmaster at Cedar Point.


     The Leader, in speaking of Horace Greeley, whose death occurred on Nov. 29, says: "His lifetime of benevolence and virtue dwells in the memory of the people."


     DEC. 13-H. L. Hunt and W. S. Smith, general merchants, make an assignment, with liabilities amounting to $23,000 and assets, $40,000. J. S. Doolittle is assignee.


     The county commissioners meet. A. R. Ice is the new member.


     DEC. 20--Wanted: At French's restaurant 1,000 prairie chickens and 1,500 rabbits.


     "Epizootic" is general throughout Chase county.


     Will Hackett, who was accidentally shot while hunting buffalo near Raymond, is brought to the Falls.


     The notable case of Marcou vs Ferlet is continued. The case originated at Cedar Point between Marcou, a French lawyer, and A. Ferlet, over the sale of a heifer calf valued at $12.00. The costs are already $150. The famous Wooden Dagger Gang, consisting of twenty highly respected farmers


Page 87


     of Cedar Point, is organized while waiting for the train at the Cedar Point station and war to the wooden dagger is threatened all the way to the Falls unless the case of Marcou vs. Ferlet is stopped and the farmers of Cottonwood township be allowed to resume their usual occupations. The court refused however to be coerced and the case is continued to the complete discomfiture of the Wooden Dagger Gang.


     The Cedar Creek Farmers Club discusses the best time to plant sod-corn.


     A Christmas tree and dance is announced for Cedar Point.


     Lewis Mack, dressed as a German prince, having just received a keg of beer, rides about the Falls on Christmas day, inviting all "to free beer at Ny's saloon between 10 and 12 o'clock. (The Falls for many years was the rendevous of a crowd of roisterers--and sometimes worse than that--whose actions were flagrant, and whose influence upon many lives was disastrous.)


     Miss L. E. Abbott, oculist, advertises in the Leader.


     Married, S. R. Moon to Hannah Presnell.


     DEC. 31-Grand ball at Hunt's Hall in the Falls.


     1873


     JAN. 3--The establishment of dairies is urged by a correspondent to the Leader.


     The winter is unusually severe. Many buffalo hunters in western Kansas are frozen.


     JAN. 24--Marcou vs Ferlet trial results in a verdict for the defendant, but a new trial is imminent. (The order of the Wooden Dagger is willing to donate a herd to the contestants if they will let them off as witnesses.)


     A. S. Howard retires from the practice of law.


     H. L. Hunt & Co.'s stock of goods is sold to Shamleffer & Co. of Council Grove. They will continue the business.


<

     JAN. 28--The A. T. & S. F. Ry. reaches the State line. 470 miles of track have been built since 1869.


     Lot Lonard's wheat averages 39 bushels to the acre.


     The M. K. & T. Ry, pays $4,000 taxes on their lands in Chase county. The Santa Fe pays $4,700.<


Page 88


     A temporance society is organized at the Falls with H. L. Hunt as president.


     A postoffice is established at Safford and David Griffis is postmaster. Middle Creek postoffice is changed to Elmdale and Jonathan Wood is postmaster.


     JAN. 31--Following the York disclosures, J. J. Ingalls is elected United States senator. Captain Henry Brandley had worked against Pomeroy thruout the campaign.


     There are no trains on Thursday, Friday and Saturday; the mercury registers 16 degrees below zero.


     S. N. Wood and F. P. Cochran are partners in law.


     FEB. 7--School district No. 27 is organized near the head of Cedar creek. Two years ago there was not a voter in the district--now there are 22 and they have voted $1,400 in bonds to build a school house.


     Seth M. Hays, of Council Grove, is dead. He was the first man to buy a claim in Chase county, in 1854, when the Osage lands were offered for sale. This land is the Houghton farm near Neva.


     FEB. 1--Winn Thomas and Hannah Pickett are married.


     FEB. 13--F. P. Cochran and Belle Lindsey are married. The wedding is made a society event and an elegant dinner is served at the Hinckley House.


     Rev. H. A. Brundage accepts a call to Great Bend.


     The editor of "The Sunflower" enters Bethany college.


     J. P. Kuhl sells his harness shop to Ed Jeffrey.


     FEB. 21--George Pardonet who went to France to secure settlers in Alsace and Lorraine, is stopped by the Government after engaging transportation for 1,000 emigrants. He is prohibited by the French government from lecturing on Kansas in France. Pardonet went in the interests of the Santa Fe Ry.


     A library association is organized at the Falls. Judge W. R. Brown, Dr. W. A. Cormack, W. E. Romigh, Mrs. H. L. Hunt, and Mrs. W. A. Morgan are selected directors, and $1,000 capital stock is subscribed.


     FEB. 23--Final entry is made on the Santa Fe Railway lands in Chase County.


     FEB. 28--Isaac Alexander builds a distillery on Spring creek.


Page 89


     Lizzie Holmes, daughter of John Holmes, dies suddenly.


     MARCH 7--Farmers' meeting is called for March 15, at the Congregational church at the Falls, to form an organization for mutual protection. The call is signed by E. B. Crocker, Dr. Morris, G. W. Hays, Hewitt Craik, S. M. Wood, S. N. Wood, F. E. Smith, Leroy Martin, and others.


     The delinquent tax list of Chase county fills three columns in the Leader.


     Born, to Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Romigh, a son.


     The Elmdale school district buys $94 worth of books for the school library.


     Drinkwater and Shriver will cut 300,000 feet of lumber on South Fork this spring; W. H. Shaft will have 100,000 feet of walnut and oak sawed, and 50,000 feet of cottonwood.


     MARCH 14--The legislature exempted mortgages from taxation at the last session.


     There are fify cases on the docket for the next term of court. There is only one criminal case.


     C. N. Sterry, nephew of S. A. Perrigo, is visiting in the Falls. He will locate there in the practice of the law. (Col. Sterry became General Counsel for the Santa Fe with head­quarters in Los Angeles in the '90's.)


     The Ninth Judicial District now includes 13 counties.


     1,200 acres of railroad land have been sold in Chase county this week.


     MARCH 25--School district 28 is formed on Rock Creek, and No. 31 on South Fork.


     A. Ferlet, of Cedar Point, rents his farm, and will teach French in the University of Virginia the coming year. (But the case of Marcou vs. Ferlet is continued.)


     Col. S. N. Wood conducted the services at the congregational Church in the Falls last Sunday.


     Married: Robert S. Houston and Sarah E. Morris; also S. T. Bennet and Mollie McGinnis.


     The farmers hold their meeting at the Falls and perfect their organization. S. M. Wood is elected president and Hewitt Craik, secretary. A committee is appointed to form a constitution for a Chase County Agricultural Society.


     MARCH 28--E. B. Crocker publishes a report of the returns from his farm showing that it paid $408 net profit last year.


Page 90


     Mrs. Sarah Mack is appointed postmistress at the Falls. Leroy Martin receives 185,000 hedge plants. He set out 40,000 last year. (Much of the hedge fence planted then is still in use on the Martin farm.)


     Married: Z. T. Hicks to Josephine Banks, of South Fork. Cerebro-meningitis is prevalent in Toledo township. Elizabeth Conaway dies from the disease.


     APRIL 4--A permanent state organization to be known as the "Farmers Co-operative Association" was formed at Topeka, March 26th. (The rise of the Grange is identified with this movement.)


     E. B. Crocker is elected president of the Chase County Agricultural Society and J. R. Blackshere vice-president. Hewitt Craik is recording secretary and W. S. Romigh, corresponding secretary. Arch Miller is treasurer and the trustees are W. G Patton, Wm. Prather, W. H. Shaft, W. S. Hargrove, and Leroy Martin. Such was the beginning of the Agricultural Society of :Chase ,county.)


     Rev. Freeborn is pastor of the Congregational church at the Falls.


     Rev. H. F. Tipton is assigned to the M. E. Church at the Falls and Rev. H. W. Chaffe to Cedar Point.


     Rev. Tipton receives 28 applications for orphans to be adopted and forwards them to the New York society.


     The Good Templars organize at Elmdale. Jack Critton is W. C. T.


     T. S. Jones is elected mayor of the Falls.


     The Toledo township farmers organize a club.


     APRIL 18-The Emporia National Bank advertises in the Leader. Col. Plumb is president.


     A train of fifty wagons, with 140 people, passes up the Cottonwood valley bound for southern Colorado.


     Peter Aller, the cashier of the Marion County Bank, at Florence, who made regular trips to Chase county to sell ex-change and receive deposits, is said to have "gone East." There is a shortage in the bank's cash of $1,700.The bondsmen make it good.


     The Sixth Annual meeting of the Chase County Bible Society is held at the Falls.


Page 91


     The president is Asa Gillett; secretary, Mrs. W. A. Morgan; treasurer, A. G. Miner; and depositor, Mrs. S. L. Mack.


     The Falls school district provides for a primary department at Cottonwood Station.


     Dr. Peter McVicar, president of Washburn college, lectures in the Falls on "Darwinism."


     APRIL 25--Saloon licenses are fixed at $100 the year at the Falls. C. N. Sterry is city attorney.


     The assessors fix the following prices on Chase county land: 1st quality bottom land, $8; 2nd quality bottom land, $5; 1st quality upland, $3.50; 2nd quality upland, $3; 1st quality timber, $25; 2nd quality timber, $15. Third quality timber is assessed at $6 the acre and "breaking" per acre, $2. The county commissioners sue the bondsmen of U. B. Warren. They are A. J. Crocker, J. H. Doolittle, and C. A. Britton. The amount is $36,000. R. M.. Ruggles is attorney for the county and S. N. Wood for the defendants.


     The Chase County Agricultural Society meets and appoints committees of two farmers from each school district in the county, to organize local auxiliary societies.


     The Marcou-Ferlet law suit is concluded. The calf at the time Ferlet got it was worth $1, or $2. It sold a short while ago for $16. The total costs and attorney's fees of the case are $453.54. Father Ferrier, and S. N. Wood effected the settlement. Marcou pays $166.77 and Ferlet keeps the heifer, pays $20 to the Catholic church at Cedar Point, and pays half the costs, $166.77-and an attorney's fee, of $100. And the Order of the Wooden Dagger at length won exemption from continuous attendance upon courts.


     MAY 8--The Congregational association of Southern Kansas meets at the Falls. Thirty ministers and delegates are present.


     A meeting of the soldiers and sailors of Chase county is called for May 15th.


     The first writ of habeas corpus issued in Chase county is ordered by Judge Whitson in the case against Bibert and Steffen.


     The Teachers' Institute for the 9th judicial district will meet at Hutchinson May 27th.


Page 92


     Chase county teachers are required to attend.


     The A. T. & S. F. Ry. claim that they should not pay the taxes assessed against their lands in Chase county as they did not receive title to the lands until February 1873.


     The Leader announces that the Toledo township farmers organized the co-operative association, April 19th, and elected D. R. Shellenbarger president; E. R. Green, secretary; C. C. Myers, treasurer. A constitution was adopted.


     MAY 15--The meeting of the soldiers of Chase county is held at the Congregational !church. Dr. G. W. Williams is the presiding officer. W. A. Morgan is the secretary of the meeting. The following are present: F. P. Cochran, J. W. McWilliams, Wm. Norton, W. R. Bradley, W. S. Smith, J. N. Nye, H. L. Hunt, Isaac Alexander, Wm. Cazaly, Henry Hegwer, Dave Mann, L. S. Jones, C. C. Whitson, W. G. Patton and Asa Taylor. The exploits of the 8th Kansas militia are rehearsed by H. L. Hunt, W. S. Smith and Asa Taylor. Steps are taken to organize a post of the Grand Army of the Republic.


     The directors of the Walnut Valley Railway Co. meet at ElDorado. O. H. Drinkwater and Henry Weaver are members


     MAY 16--Four licenses are granted to sell liquor at the Falls.


     The Falls receives the first installment of books for the library, 100 volumes in all.


     The Peabody Gazette is established.


     M. Evans dies at Bazaar.


<

     The Bender tragedies are discovered.


     A. Ferlet and family leave for Staunton,. Virginia.


     Hon. Jacob Safford, for whom the townsite of Safford is named, is acting as judge pro-tern in this district.


     MAY 30--C. A. Britton and N. J. Swayze offer to build a mill at Florence if the township will vote them $5,000 bonds, and secure the right-of-way. The election is called for June 14th.


     Heavy rains cause the bottom lands to be flooded. Several small railroad bridges were washed out.


     Rev. N. T. Tipton's daughter, Mrs. Earnest, disappears and foul play is feared. Later she is located at Cameron, Mo.


Page 93


     Henry Strong, of Chicago, is elected president of the A. T. & S. F. Ry.


     Bishop Vaile lectures in the Falls. The Falls council levies a tax on dogs.


     MAY 31--Final entry of the M. K. & T. Railway lands in Chase county.


     JUNE 6--Williams and Cormack dissolve partnership at the Falls.


     Wm. Norton is postmaster at the Falls.


     Wm. Campbell, from Illinois, opens a store at Safford.


     J. C Martin locates on Fox Creek.


     H. P. Coe, of Iowa, buys the homestead of Mr. Cooley.


     Three homesteaders from near Boston locate on Spring creek this week.


     Judge W. R. Brown moves to Hutchinson in order to be nearer the center of the 9th judicial district.


     S. A. Perrigo buys the stock of the Clapp and Britton store.


     The case of S. N. Wood against the A. T. & S. F. Co. is being tried. The amount sued for totals $666,500.


     The case of Henry Hegwer against Jas. Heskett for $20,000 results in a hung jury. Heskett shot Hegwer in '69 and Hegwer will be a cripple for life.


     The Kaws are being removed to the Indian Territory. There are 500 Indians being transported. They are passing thru Chase county daily.


     JUNE 13--Judge Dillon decides that more than a million dollars in bonds issued by towns and counties in Kansas were unconstitutionally issued. The case decided was the King Bridge Co. vs Iola.


     A township Fair is to be held this fall in Cottonwood township. The Cedar Creek Farmers club appoints Dr. Mead, F. L. Drinkwater and T. Sayre to arrange for the fair.


     JUNE 20--The Chase County Agricultural Society appoints a committee to arrange for a county fair next fall.


     Murray Tuttle is rescued from drowning by Joe George and Fred Perrigo.


Page 94


     Paris Mills opens his new store at Toledo. It is two­stories high, and is 18 by 36 feet.


     Arrangements are made for an all county celebration at the county seat on the Fourth of July. S. M. Wood, president of the day; A. B. Watson, marshal; J. G. Freeborn and N. T. Tipton, chaplains; W. R. Bradley, chief of police. These will by the officers of the day. The speakers of the day will be J. C Dwelle, J. G. Freeborn, F. B. Hunt, A. H. Britton, and J. G. Winne. Miss Ollie Prather will read the Declaration of Independence.


     Two Bazaar girls decide to see the world for themselves and take a pony of Geo. Yeager and ride part way to Emporia. The explanations were satisfactory to all, but an excited horse-thief rumor was spoiled.


     JUNE 27--More raw prairie is being broken inToledo township than in any previous year.


     The Toledo Farmers club urges encouraging home establishments.


     Wheat prospects are excellent in Chase county.


     Three-year-old steers are selling for $40 per head.


     Home-made harness is ordered by A. J. Crocker and E. W. Pinkston, from Ed Jeffrey.


     Cedar Point decides to celebrate at home in spite of the all-county plans of the Falls. Col. T. S. Jones will be the orator and Ella Doughty will read the Declaration of Independence.


     JULY 1--Andrew Drummond, of Woodhull, advertises Leicester buck lambs for sale.


     JULY 4--Mrs. T. E. Newby is bitten by a large copperhead snake while getting out of bed.


     Dr. Mead is president of the day at the celebration at Cedar Point.


     The Toledo farmers club votes unanimously to admit women.


     J. G. Watson, who took a homestead at the head of Cedar Creek two years ago, has the best field of wheat in the county.


     W. W. Sanders has completed his residence at the Falls.


     S. A. Perrigo does the unusual thing by erecting a business house on the east side of Broadway, in the Falls.


Page 95


     JULY 11--Calvin Sharp is appointed postmaster at Bazaar.


     A Good Templars lodge is organized at Cedar Point.


     The Prairie Hill Nursery is established by D. A. Freeborn, F. M. Price and H. P. Coe, at the head of Spring Creek.


     Luther Newton is drowned in Crocker's creek near Bazaar. He is a brother of M. C. Newton.


     Deputy Sheriff Yeoman captures two horse-thieves near Bazaar. They are wanted at Abilene.


     The census shows that Chase county has 2,839 people. There is one blind person, one insane person, and 745 voters.


     Three homesteaders locate in township 21, range 7, this week.


     Freight on a threshing machine from Topeka to the Falls is $56.50.


     JULY 25--Fred Pracht took a homestead on Middle creek two years ago and now has 290 acres under fence and 100 acres broken.


     Mrs. Francis Bernard of Cedar Point will leave this week for a three-months' visit in Paris, France.


     Jas. Hays, of Bazaar, captures a full-grown catamount in a steel trap.


     JULY 30--The State Grange is organized at Lawrence, 400 local grangers over the state are represented. The meetings are secret.


     Rev. T. H. Dinsmore visits Chase county in the interests of Highland University.


     AUG. 1--W. P. Martin returns to Peyton to live.


     N. J. Swaynze is building a home in the Falls. He will open a bank in the Falls as soon as he secures a building the first bank here.


     Chase county will produce 100,000 bushels of wheat this year and 175,000 bushels of corn.


     AUG. 15--Chase county falls into the district of W. A. Phillips by the mutual agreement between three Kansas congressmen.


     John Robinson's Circus is advertised for Florence on September 2nd.


     The commissioners order the road east of the county line opened and suit brought against S. N. Wood for obstructing it.


Page 96


     AUG. 27--Married, J. P. Kuhl and Dora F. Baldwin.


     SEPT. 3--The five "Grandfathers" of the Mennonites, under the leadership of D. Unruh, are investigating conditions inview to bringing a colony here.


     Mary Hunt leaves for Council Grove to spend a year there.


     Col. S. N. Wood has resigned as attorney for the Santa Fe.


     Ferry and Watson, from Missouri, start a stock ranch on Rock creek. They have brought with them 15 head of thoroughbred cattle--Durhams.


     Toledo township resists the payment of taxes on account of the station bonds for $5,000 which were voted, but the conditions have not been kept by the railroad.


     SEPT. 8--Mrs. Maggie Breese, the wife of Sidney A. Breese, dies. She is survived by her husband and two daughters.


     Dr. G. W. Williams and Ed Pratt buy the Charles Wilbur drug store.


     SEPT. 12--John Emslie is opening large quarries at Cottonwood.


     F. E. Gillett has leased the Falls Hotel.


     Married, Richard Church and Emily Keller.


     A. S. Howard, as treasurer, advertises three full columns of Santa Fe lands for sale for taxes, the company refusing to pay the same.


     Thomas Barber and wife return from their long walk through Missouri and Texas, restored in health, and will make their home in Toledo.


Married, A. Hammer and Martha A. Perry, of Toledo.

     SEPT. 26-Married, J. M. Tuttle and Nettie Winters.


     A party of thirty emigrants arrived here last Saturday from Illinois. Since starting on their journey, one family has lost five children from measles. Two died in Missouri, and one died here the day they camped by the crossing.


     S. P. Watson receives notice that his homestead entry has been cancelled as the land belongs to the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway. He has improved the land for seven years.


     Messrs. Noyes, Gates and E. Stotts have received similar notices.


Page 97


     Smuggler, the famous race horse, sold recently for $50,000, was formerly owned by the Rev. N. F. Tipton the Methodist pastor at Cottonwood Falls.


     A well-known woman of Bazaar has left her husband and two children. She went away with another man.


     The Farmers meeting held last Saturday in the Falls appointed a committee to confer with the other farmers organizations with a view of bringing out a farmers' ticket this fall.


     OCT. 3--Wm. Hillert opens a shoe shop in the Falls.


     A temporary injunction is obtained by the Santa Fe against Chase county selling the railroad lands for taxes.


     John Emslie takes the first premium for Chase county building stone at the State Fair at Topeka.


     The Chase county courthouse is completed. The total cost was $41,000. It is of Chase county limestone, from the quarries on the townsite. J. G. Haskell was the architect and James Bannan, the contractor.


     W. S. Hanna, chaplain of the State Grange, is organizing granges in this county.


     P. C. Jeffrey is postmaster at Elmdale.


     OCT. 10--N. J. Swayze continues to cash checks at the Chase County Bank, for all of Black Friday and the Jay Cook failure.


     Dr. I. C. Winsor locates one mile north of the depot. He has had 14 years of experience, in the East.


     A Farmers convention to nominate a farmers ticket is called for Oct. 25, at the county seat. Each school district is entitled to elect three delegates.


     OCT. 17--The public opening of the Chase county courthouse is held at 9 a. m. There is a dance in the evening and a supper, the proceeds of which will go to the public library. The county officers took up their offices in the courthouse on the 13th. It has been insured for $25,000.


     At the housewarming, the supper is served in the jail. $100 is cleared. The dance is attended by a large company from all parts of the county.


     J. N. Nye's license to sell liquors is revoked.


     Born to Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Brockett, a daughter.

     J. S. Doolittle moves to Elmdale.


Page 98


     Dave Wood purchases the Henderson livery stable at the Falls.


     Burt Foreman shot a fine buck four miles east of the Falls.


     John Moore, the blind broom maker, has a factory at the head of Spring Creek.


     Mrs. Hardy returns from Boston to make her home in Chase county.


     Col. S. N. Wood has the county commissioners arrested. Justice Hewitt Craik decides that he has no jurisdiction and the case is appealed.


     The county attorney's yearly salary is increased from $200 to $400.


     The county commissioners order the county attorney to begin proceedings against the chairman of the board for the collection of all money and interest realized by the sale of the courthouse bonds and not accounted for.


     OCT. 24--The postoffice is re-established at Cottonwood Station and E. A. Hildebrand is named as postmaster.


     The Santa Fe is now selling steamship tickets to and from all ports in Europe.


     A large pottawatomie hunting party with their squaws and baggage passes thru the Falls on their way south.


     OCT. 25--The Republican county convention meets and nominates the following ticket: L. S. Jones, representative; S. A. Breese, county clerk; A. S. Howard, county treasurer; Wm. Rockwood, sheriff; W. W. Sanders, surveyor; A. P. Gandy, register of deeds; J. W. McWilliams, coroner; Jas. Austin, commissioner; Dr. A. M. Conaway is chairman and W. A. Morgan, secretary.


     The Farmers convention meets at the Falls. Every school district except four is represented. The following nominations are made: J. G. Winnie, representative; Wm. Norton, sheriff; John O'Byne, coroner; Commissioners, 1st district, G. W. Brickell; 2nd district, Arch Miller; 3rd district, J. R. Blackshere. The other nominees are the same as those of the Republican ticket. The chairman of the convention is Henry Brandley and the secretary is W. S. Romigh. The resolutions denounce corporate conpricies, monopolies, and corrupt legislation.


Page 99


     There are eighteen undecided cases in the district court in which S. N. Wood is plaintiff.


     J. J. Buck, Grand W. C. T. of Kansas, lectures on temperance at the Falls and a petition asking for a law prohibiting the sale of liquor in the state is extensively signed.


     Mrs. Maria Hegwer dies at her home on Diamond creek aged 72 years. The Hegwers were among the first settlers on Diamond creek, settling there in '57.


     The Leader runs both local political tickets.


     NOV. 7--The returns show 636 votes were cast in Chase county. The Republican ticket is elected with the exception of Wm. Norton, sheriff, instead of Wm. Rockwood, and Alva Townshend, H. N. Simmons and J. R. Blackshere are elected Commissioners. (The Farmers movement for electing all farmers resulted in six residents of the Falls being elected.) Cottonwood Falls polled 247 votes, more than one-third of the total.


     J. M. Tuttle's new store building is completed.

     Born to Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Estes, a son.


     Jos. G. Waters, Topeka, prints his card in the Leader as a lawyer.


     NOV. 14--Ferry and Watson buy the Carter Gillett store.


     Reverends Tipton and Sangent conclude a revival on South Fork and as a result two societies are formed, a Methodist and a Lutheran.


     A brass band is to be organized.


     The Florence Pioneer suspends. Wm. Barton sells out on Fox creek.


     The case of Hegwer vs Heskett ends with verdict for Heskett.


     NOV. 21--The killing of the crew and passengers of the Virginia causes intense local excitement.


     Cottonwood Falls is saved from a prairie fire which swept into the town from Buck creek.


     C. B. Schmidt visits Chase county to find seventy-five sections of land for a Swiss colony.


     The Society of Friends hold their seventh Bible school conference at the Vernon school. A. A. Bailey is elected president; Ruth Hordly, vice-president; Mary Stubbs, secretary.


Page 100


     NOV. 28--The Ladies Mite society serves buffalo hams in abundance at the Thanksgiving supper. $60 is cleared.


     A prairie fire starts on Diamond creek and a high wind carries the flames at a terrific rate. Jno. Curtis, Charles Hegwer, K. J. Fink, Lawlesses, Gannons and Hewitt Craik are heavy losers.


     David Wood vs S. N. Wood as overseer of district No. 3 heard. Injunction is not granted and appeal is filed. (The defendant shows more pride in the plaintiff's argument than the defense.) The case deals with putting a road thru the plaintiff's land.


     T. S. Jones and F. P. Cochran form a law partnership.


     A herd of 700 Texas long horns pass thru the Falls.


     The Congregational church is completed.


     Rev. H. P. German preaches in the German language to the Lutheran congregations at Harris school and in the Falls.


     Mrs. C. B. Hardy presents a communion service to the Congregational church at the Falls.


     J. W. McWilliams will devote himself to law. He is a graduate of Jefferson college, Penn., and of Columbia Law School, Class of '68.


     Cuban meeting is held and resolutions passed demanding the independence of Cuba, and offering 1,000 men for war, which would have taken every man in the county. J. D. Minnick is chairman. (The New York Sun and other papers published extended accounts of the meeting.)


     DEC. 5--The Patrons of Husbandry organize three granges in Chase county.


     Mrs. Z. Prather offers to sign a deed for Prairie Grove cemetery as soon as the ground is fenced.


     Bazaar organizes a grange of the Patrons of Husbandry.

     The Leader contains an account of the Thanksgiving Community dinner given by the Cedar creek Farmers club at the school house in District 13. There was a musical program by a choir consisting of Ellen Pinkston, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Sayre, Festus and Frank Giddings, and Oliver Pinkston.


     DEC. 12 --Isaac Hudson opens a general store at Cedar Point.




Chase County Host
Lorna Marvin



Continue to Next half of Ellsworth's Chase County History

Return to Chase County Index


Background and KSGenWeb logo were designed and are copyrighted by
Tom & Carolyn Ward
for the limited use of the KSGenWeb Project.
Permission is granted for use only on an official KSGenWeb page.
The USGenWeb Logo was designed by Linda Cole.

Last updated 09/28/2002

Home Page for Kansas
Search all of Blue Skyways
including
The KSGenWeb Project
Check out these links!