PIONEER HISTORY OF KANSAS

by Adolph Roenigk

Transcribed and submitted by his Great Grandniece L Ann Bowler


Indian on book cover

Book Cover

Dust Cover

Adolph Roenigk

Adolph Roenigk

Parts 1 and 2


Table of Contents


PART I

CHAPTER I

Page 1

A Struggle for Liberty
A Stormy Period; The Missouri Compromise; John
Brown; Defeat Slavery; Kansas in the Civil War

CHAPTER II

Page 6

The Quantrell Raid
By W. K. Cone

CHAPTER III

Page 11

Early Day Reminiscenses of Dr. N. C. Fancher
Service of the Fanchers to Their Country; With General
Green in the Revolutionary War; Kansas in 1853

CHAPTER IV

Page 20

Dr. N. C. Fancher, Continued
Saw Mills on the Present Site of Kansas City; Indians
Celebrate the Installation of One; Helping Name the
Town of Chanute; Had First Stock of Drugs in Neosho
County; Meeting with Klu Klux Klan in Arkansas

CHAPTER V

Page 30

Early Days of Abilene and Dickinson County
Reminiscences of the Long Horn Days of Abilene,
Contributed by Theophilys Little

CHAPTER VI

Page 42

As He Remembers It
Mr. J. W. Hopkins Tells of Some Incidents That Went
to Make Up the Youth of the Pioneer; The Little
Arkansas Valley in 1870 a Debatable Place; Come
Home, Sonny, Come Home.

CHAPTER VII

Page 48

Running the Blockade
A Desperate Battle to Death With Indians and
Renegades

CHAPTER VIII

Page 56

A Tale Illustrating the Vagaries of Kansas Weather
By Guy Von Scriltz, Coldwater, Kansas

CHAPTER IX

Page 63

Across the Plains in 1866
U. S. Army Surgeon Tells of Crossing the Great Plains
of Kansas, Accompanied by His Courageous Wife and
Two Small Children; Contributed by D. B. Long

CHAPTER X

Page 69

Horned Toad Harry
A Startling Departure of the Usual Procedure Is
Experienced by the Bad Men of Caldwell

CHAPTER XI

Page 74

The Hunter Hunted
Old Frontiersman Tells of Scrap with Elk and a Lively
Footrace with Mounted Indians

CHAPTER XII

Page 82

Trials of the Thompson Creek Pioneers
By Luther R. Johnson

CHAPTER XIII

Page 90

Uncle Mart
A Pioneer of 1866; How He Carved a Home for Himself
and His Posterity; His First Buffalo Hunt; Contending
with High Water; An Old Time Ring Contest


CHAPTER XIV

Page 98

Last Buffalo Killed in Lincoln County
Several Claimants to This Distinction; Palm Must Be
Awarded to Wilson Schofield and the Buffalo Which He
Killed After an Exciting Chase; An Excited Irishman
and a Speciman of the Great American Bison Engage
in a Trial of Endurance



PART II


CHAPTER XV

Page 102

The North American Savage
Observation of His Character and Actions During a
Period of Service in the United States Army
By Hercules H. Price

CHAPTER XVI

Page 110

Reminiscences of the Early Days As Told by
Ferdinand Erhardt
A Paper Read Before the Old Settlers Reunion at
Lincoln in 1906; Building Stockades for Protection of
Settlers; A Buffalo Stampede; Trading with General
Lyon at Fort Riley; Fight at Platte Bridge; Indian
Cave on Bullfoot Creek

CHAPTER XVII

Page 125

The Mulberry Scrap
An Account of a Massacre of Pawnee Indians by
Soldiers and Settlers; Indians Were Not Always the
Aggressors

CHAPTER XVIII

Page 132

Battle of Arickaree
Forsythe Scouts at Beecher Island; Scouts Surrounded;
Charge and Death of Chief Roman Nose; Volunteers Go
to Ft. Wallace; A Siege of Nine Days; The Final Rescue

CHAPTER XIX

Page 149

Winter Campaign Against the Hostiles
The Nineteenth Kansas Cavalry; Custer’s Seventh
Cavalry; Attack on Camp of Black Kettle; Rescue of
Two White Women

CHAPTER XX

Page 159

A Brief Sketch of the Lives of the Roenigk Family and
Their Settlement in Kansas
The Writer’s Arrival in the United States; Traveling
by Steamboat; First Visit in Kansas

CHAPTER XXI

Page 164

Incidents Connected with the Building of the Union
Pacific Railroad, Written from Memory from the Standpoint
of an Observer

CHAPTER XXII

Page 167

Railroading Among the Indians
Thrilling Experience of the Writer at Fossil Creek Station

CHAPTER XXIII

Page 183

Fossil Creek Station--Continued
Scarcity of Water; Pumping by Horsepower; How
Cook’s Pony Died; Celebrating Christmas, 1868

CHAPTER XXIV

Page 189

Fossil Creek Station--Continued
A Lawless Character Brought to Time; A Speciman
of the Early Day Happy Hooligan and His Subsequent
Discomfiture

CHAPTER XXV

Page 194

Fossil Creek Station--Continued
Hunting Buffalo on the Great Plains of Kansas
Experience in the Great Sportsman’s Paradise

CHAPTER XXVI

Page 201

Fossil Creek Station--Continued
Hunting Buffalo and Antelope; Shipping Buffalo to an
Eastern Zoo

CHAPTER XXVII

Page 207

Fossil Creek Station--Continued
Victims of Indian Resentment; The Number never
Accurately Determined; Monuments Erected by the
Union Pacific Railway

CHAPTER XXVIII

Page 212

Indian Raids Subsequent to Those of 1868
Indians Not Wholly Subdued by Custer’s Cavalry’
Savages Return to Their Old Bounds; Indians Who
Attacked Track Laborers on the Union Pacific Railroad
Continued to the Saline; Killing of Settlers; A Running
Fight; Capture of Two Women

CHAPTER XXIX

Page 221

An Account of an Indian Attack on a Party of Four
Buffalo Hunters
Their Narrow Escape, as Related to the Writer by
Solomon Humbarger, One of the Participants

CHAPTER XXX

Page 234

Movement to Erect a Monument to the Dead
Identity of the Indians Never Fully Established; Short
Excerpts from Several Authorities; Battle of Summit
Springs, Treasure Found in Indian Camp; Various Reports;
How Difficult It Was at This Date to Particularize
Those Past Events

CHAPTER XXXI

Page 248

Indian Skull Found in the Vicinity of the Battlefield
of Summit Springs
Its Probable History

CHAPTER XXXII

Page 259

Visiting Indian Battlefields
A Surprise and Destruction of a Peaceable Band of
Indians; Beecher Island; Monument Erected by Kansas
and Colorado; Annual Celebration Held on the Former
Battlefield; Looking for the Battlefield of Summit
Springs; Julesburg and the Site of Fort Sedgwick

CHAPTER XXXIII

Page 281

Henry Benien, a Custer’s Seventh Cavalry Man and
Pioneer Settler
Eight Years of Service in the United States Army; Five
Years with Custer; Custer’s Last Fight, As Related by
Comrade Roy; Henry Benien, a Prosperous Farmer of
Lincoln County, Kansas

CHAPTER XXXIV

Page 299

Acquiring a Homestead on Our Public Domain
A Homestead Law in Brief; the Homestead Region; the
Arrival of the Settlers; the Prairie Schooner; Temporary
Shelter; The Dugout; Rattlesnakes; the Ox Team;
Changes for the Beter; the Wealthy Retired Farmer

CHAPTER XXXV

Page 317

Interesting Experience of Two Tenderfeet
Comical Incidents Which Happened on the Homestead

CHAPTER XXXVI

Page 324

The Republican River in the Days Before Bridges
Were Built
A Fourth of July Celebration Attended by Difficulties

CHAPTER XXXVII

Page 330

Northwestern Kansas
The Republican Valley; Ancient Pawnee Vilage;
Monument erected Where Zebulon M. Pike First Hoisted
the American Flag; White Rock Creek; Indian
Depredations

CHAPTER XXXVIII

Page 349

Northwestern Kansas--Continued
Buffalo Hunters and Robe Merchants; the Solomon
River; Hunting Expeditions; Otoe and Omaha Indians
Tanning Robes

CHAPTER XXXIX

Page 357

Conclusion
Proof of the Writer’s Contention; the Foregoing
Happened in the Course of Evolution; the
Fittest Will Survive



Appendix

List of Illustrations

Index


Transcribed and submitted by his Great Grandniece L Ann Bowler

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