The following is a transcription of a history of Jewell County, Kansas published in 1878. It reflects the attitudes of the time. This is taken from a microfilmed copy. Some of the print was difficult to read and I have indicated with a question mark in brackets ([?]) when I was unsure of the spelling, particularly of names. Submitted by Patricia Seitas.
History of Jewell County, Kansas, with a Full Account of the Early Settlements and Indian Atrocities Committed Within Its Borders; Its final Settlement, Organization and Progress, Its Present Society, Churches and Schools, Its Towns, Streams; Topography; Soil and Products, Its Population; Township Organization and Officers, Its Industries; Business, Resources, Etc. by M. Winsor and James A. Scarbrough, Jewell City, Kansas, Diamond Printing Office, 1878
lays on the divide between the Republican river and White Rock creek; it is principally upland and considerably broken, but is nevertheless, rich and productive. There is considerable timber on the different streams, the principal of which is Walnut, from which the township takes its name. It is thickly settled by intelligent, industrious farmers, and the society is good.
The First Settlers
were J.G. Moon and A.J. Sprague, who settled her in the spring of 1870. The next were J.T. Hollenbeck, John Green, A.B. George, Abel Carter, Enoch Scott and Job Williams, who settled in 1871.
Walnut was originally a portion of White Rock township. It was organized as an independent township February 12, 1874.
The First Election
was held April 7, 1874, at which H.C. Huntington was elected trustee; O. F. Roberts, (now County Commissioner) clerk; J.T. Hollenbeck, treasurer; D. Richmond and J.P. Cole, justices of the peace, and A.C. Cox and O.B. Ford, constables.
Schools and Churches
There are five school districts in the township, three of which have good school houses. The other two hold school in houses erected for meeting houses. Regular terms of school are taught in all the districts. There are two church organizations -- the United Brethren and Quakers or Friends, both of which have regular preaching. There are three Union Sunday Schools, all in a flourishing condition.
The Present Township Officers
elected November 5, 1877, are A.A. Davis, trustee; E. Gardner, clerk; D. H. Dillon, treasurer; E.B. Ensign and J.T. Hollenbeck, justices of the peace, and G. Flynn and O.P. Mahoney, constables.
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