1918 KANSAS AND KANSANS Chapter 67 Part 3
TENTH KANSAS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY

The Tenth Kansas was formed of the Third and Fourth Kansas regiments, and a small portion of the Fifth. The consolidation was formed at Paola, Kansas, April 3, 1862, under the following field and staff:

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Colonel
James Montgomery July 24, '61 Trans. to 2d Reg. S. C. Col'd Vol.
William Weer June 29, '61 Dism'd the service by G. O. No. 123, dated Hdqr. Dep. of Mo., St. Louis, Aug. 20, '64.
William F. Cloud Mar. 28, '62 Trans. to 2d K. V. C. June 1, '62.
Lieut. Colonel
James G. Blunt July 24, '61 Pro. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols. Apr. 8, '62.
John T. Burris July 24, '61 Mus. out with reg. Aug. 20, '65; pro. Brev. Col. Mar. 13, '65.
Charles S. Hills Mar. 1, '65 Pro. Brev. Col. Mar. 25, '65; mus. out Aug. 30, '65, Montgomery, Ala.
Major
Otis B. Gunn   Res. May 5, '62.
Henry H. Williams July 24, '61 Mus. out with reg. Aug. 20, '64.
Adjutant
Casimio B. Zulavsky July 24, '61 Mus out, date unknown.
James A. Phillips July 24, '61 Pro. Maj. 3d Indian H. G., July 20, '63.
Thomas McGannon May 29, '63 Mus. out with reg. Aug. 20, '64.
Quartermaster
A. Larzalere   Assigned to 3d Indian H. G.
Alfred Gray Feb. 11, '62 Trans. to Co. B, 5th Kan. Cav.
John G. Haskell July 24, '61 Pro. Capt. and A. Q. M., U. S. Vol., June 11, '62.
Alfred J. Lloyd Aug. 13, '62 Pro. Capt. and A. Q. M., U. S. Vol., April 7, '64.

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Surgeon
Albert Newman July 24, '61 Mus. out Feb. 14, '62.
Mahlon Bailey   Res. May 2, '62.
John W. Scott Aug. 15, '61 Res. May 9, '63.
J. B. Woodward Oct. 4, '61 Res. May 20, '64.
Henry H. Tuttle June 7, '64 Mus. out Aug. 30, '65, Montgomery, Ala.
Asst. Surgeon
Edwin Grant   Mus. out, date unknown.
Richard W. Shipley   No evi. of mus. out on file.
George A. Miller Aug. 28, '62 Res. date unknown.
P. Gould Parker Mar. 20, '62 Res. July 23, '64.
Henry H. Tuttle Sep. 10, '62 Pro. Surgeon June 7, '64.
Chaplain
H. H. Moore July 24, '61 Mus. out Feb. 14, '62.
Reeder M. Fish Sep. 4, '61 No evi. of mus. out on file.
John H. Drummond May 1, '62 Mus. out with reg. Aug. 20, '64.

After the consolidation, the regiment was ordered to Fort Scott, where it was attached to Colonel Doubleday's forces designed to make an expedition into the Cherokee Nation.

On the 13th of June, 1862, the regiment marched from Fort Scott for Osage Mission, from which point it went to Humboldt. From Humboldt, with other forces, it marched to Baxter Springs, and was then attached to Colonel Solomon's brigade. From Baxter Springs the expedition marched to Cowskin Prairie. The Indians were not found and the pursuit was continued. Early on the morning of July 3, 1862, the Indian camp was discovered on a steep and rocky hill. The camp was charged and the Indians dispersed.

The regiment returned to Fort Scott in August, where it was attached to the Second Brigade, commanded by Colonel Weer.

The Tenth Kansas saw service in Missouri in the pursuit of Colonel Coffey and Colonel Cockrell, and was in the engagement in Newtonia. It was at the battle of Cane Hill, and at Prairie Grove. It participated in the pursuit of Hindman to Van Buren.

In March the regiment was at Fort Scott and granted a furlough of twenty days.

In the summer of 1863 the Tenth Kansas was in constant service in Western Missouri and at Kansas City. In January, 1864, it was ordered to Alton, Illinois, to have charge of the military prison there.

The Tenth was at St. Louis from May until August, 1864, where it served as provost guard of that city.

From St. Louis the regiment was sent to Fort Leavenworth, where it was discharged.

The Tenth Kansas Veteran Regiment was made up of four companies, as shown in the report of the Adjutant-General. Two companies, F and I were recruited, and were named Companies A and B. The veteran regiment was commanded by Major H. H. Williams from its organization until the last of August, 1864. It was then sent to Pilot Knob, Missouri, Major Williams having been detailed to command Schofield Barracks at St. Louis.

On the 7th of November, the regiment embarked at St. Louis for Paducah, Kentucky. On the 28th of November, it arrived at Nashville, and on the 29th it arrived at Columbia, Tennessee. Here it was assigned to the Fourth Army Corps.

After the battle of Franklin, it fell back with General Schofield's army and was stationed at Nashville until the 16th of December.

In the assault on Hood's position at Nashville, the Tenth was deployed as skirmishers in advance of the Second brigade, where it drove back the rebel skirmish line and silenced a battery.

It was also in the action on the 16th and 17th, and in the pursuit of the rebels when they retreated.

The veterans saw much service in the South during the winter of 1864. It was at Eastport, Miss., Waterloo, Ala., and at Vicksburg. At Vicksburg the regiment was transferred to New Orleans and camped at Chalmette until the 7th of March. On the 7th it embarked for the Mobile expedition, stopping at Fort Gaines and camping on Dauphin Island at the entrance to Mobile Bay.

On the 20th it went up the Bay to the mouth of Fish River, and later went into camp at Donnelly's Mills. It was in the siege which followed, and was deployed as skirmishers in front of the entire brigade. Mobile was evacuated on the 11th, and the Union soldiers took possession on the 12th. On the following day, the Tenth marched for Montgomery, Alabama, where it arrived on the 25th. It remained at Montgomery, with headquarters at Greenville, until the following August, doing provost duty. It was mustered out at Montgomery the last of September, when it was sent to Fort Leavenworth for final discharge.

The Tenth saw much hard service, and was one of the good regiments in the Union forces during the war.

ELEVENTH KANSAS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY

President Lincoln issued the call on July 2, 1862, for additional troops. Under the call, the Kansas quota was three regiments of infantry. General James H. Lane was authorized by the War Department to recruit these troops. He empowered Thomas Ewing, Jr., then Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court, to raise one of the regiments. The regiment so raised by General Ewing was the Eleventh Kansas, Infantry, afterwards changed to Cavalry. Following is the field and staff:

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Colonel
Thomas Ewing, Jr. Sep. 15, '62 Pro. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vol. Mar. 13, '63.
Thomas Moonlight Apr. 25, '64 Mus. out July 17, '66, Ft. Kearny, N. T.

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Lieut. Colonel
Thomas Moonlight Sep. 29, '62 Pro. Col. Apr. 25, '64.
Preston B. Plumb May 17, '64 Mus. out Sep. 13, '65, Ft. Leav.
Major
Preston B. Plumb Sep. 25, '62 Pro. Lieut. Col. May 17, '64.
Martin Anderson Nov. 22, '63 Mus. out Sep. 18, '65, Ft. Leav. pro. Col. by brevet Mar. 13, '65.
Edmund G. Ross Apr. 24, '64 Mus. out Sep. 20, '65, Ft. Leav.; pro. Lieut. Col. by brevet Mar. 13, '65.
Nathaniel A. Adams May 19, '64 Mus. out Aug. 9, '65.
Adjutant
John Willans, Sep. 4, '62 Pro. Capt. and Asst. Adj. Gen U. S. Vol. May 31, '63.
James E. Greer Nov. 2, '63 Pro. Capt. Co. 1, Aug. 20, '64.
Ira I. Taber Oct. 12, '64 Mus. out Aug. 19, '65.
Quartermaster
James R. McClure Sep. 10, '62 Mus. out Aug. 10, '65.
Commissary
Robert J. Harper Oct. 8, '63 Mus. out Aug. 18, '65.
Surgeon
George W. Hogeboom Sep. 27, '62 Resigned June 2, '63.
Richard M. Ainsworth June 23, '63 Dismissed by order of President, July 21, '65.
Asst. Surgeon
Richard M. Ainsworth Sep. 20, '62 Pro. Surgeon, June 23, '63.
Josiah D. Adams Oct. 11, '62 Mus. out Sep, 20, '65.
Granville C. Taylor Apr. 19, '64 Mus. out Aug. 19, '65.
Chaplain
James S. Cline Oct. 11, '62 Mus. out July 7, '65.

The service of the Eleventh Kansas has been noted to a large extent in the body of this work. That portion which has not been mentioned consisted of the service in Wyoming. In February, 1865, most of the regiment was assembled at Fort Riley, from which point it marched to Fort Kearny, Nebraska. This was one of the hardest marches of the war. There were heavy storms of snow and sleet, and the soldiers suffered intensely front the cold. The march was made, however, in twelve days.

On the 7th of March, the regiment started for Fort Laramie. This was also a terrible march. How the men survived it is a mystery. At the Sioux Agency, thirty miles below Fort Laramie, a halt was made to wait further instructions. After a short stop the regiment went on to Fort Laramie and then to Platte Bridge. Here headquarters were established, and the work of protecting the telegraph line over the Oregon Trail commenced. The Indians were also held in check. It was found that the ammunition forwarded from Fort Leavenworth was not suitable for the carbines carried by the Eleventh, and there was a great delay in getting suitable ammunition. Colonel Plumb was assigned the duty of protecting the Overland Stage Line from Camp Collins, Colorado, to Green River, nearly four hundred miles. He was given command of Companies A, B, F, L, and M. This service Colonel Plumb performed to the satisfaction of the Stage Company and of the Government. He re-established the service and maintained it.

The remainder of the regiment at Platte Bridge was attacked by thousands of Sioux Indians on the 22nd of July. Major Martin Anderson was in command of Platte Bridge, and fought the battle of that name. It was a heroic engagement, many accounts of which may be found in histories of those times.

The regiment was mustered out at Fort Leavenworth in September, 1865.

TWELFTH KANSAS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY

The Twelfth Kansas Infantry was mustered in at Paola, September 25, 1862, under the following field and staff:

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Colonel
Charles W. Adams Sep. 30, '62 Pro. Brev. Brig. Gen. Feb. 13, '65; wounded in action, Apr. 30, '64, Jenkin's Perry, Ark.; mus. out with reg. June 30, '65.
Lieut. Colonel
Josiah E. Hayes Sep. 30, '64 Pro. Brev. Brig. Gen.; wounded in action and captured by enemy, Apr. 30, '64, Jenkin's Ferry, Ark.; limb amputated above the knee; exchanged Feb. 25, '65; mus. out July 15, '65.
Major
Thomas H. Kennedy Sep. 30, '62 Mus. out with reg. June 30, '65.
Adjutant
Charles J. Lovejoy Sep. 30, '62 Res. Apr. 28, '65, Little Rock.
Quartermaster
Andrew J. Shannon Sep. 30, '62 Pro. Capt. and Asst. Pro. Marshal Mar. -, '64.
Joshua Clayton May 22, '64 Mus. out with reg. June 30, '65.
Surgeon
Cyrus R. Stuckslager Sep. 30, '62 Mus. out with reg. June 30, '65; capt'd by the enemy, Apr. 30, '64, Jenkin's Ferry, Ark.; exchanged June 28, '64.
Asst. Surgeon
Thomas Lindsay Sep. 30, '62 Mus. out with reg. June 30, '65.
John F. Everhart Sep. 30, '62 Resigned Nov. 4, '63.
Chaplain
Werter R. Davis Sep. 30, '62 Resigned Jan. 26, '64.
William Sellers Mar. 26, '64 Resigned Apr. 12, '65.

The Twelfth Kansas, upon its muster into the service, was scattered along the border to hunt guerrillas and bushwhackers, and to protect the State from bands of these Ruffians.

In the winter of 1863, most of the regiment was at Fort Smith. From that point it did escort duty. In February the different parts of the regiment were reunited at Fort Smith. On the 23rd of March the regiment left Fort Smith, and on the 9th of April, joined General Steele's command, which arrived at Camden, Arkansas, on the 16th, remaining until the 26th. It was in the battle of Jenkin's Ferry, after which it returned to Fort Smith by way of Little Rock, reaching the former city on the 17th of May. During the summer the regiment was employed on the fortifications about Fort Smith. It did escort duty in the winter of 1864. In February, 1865, it was stationed at Little Rock, where it was mustered out of service June 3, 1865.

THIRTEENTH KANSAS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY

The Thirteenth Kansas was one of the three regiments of the quota assigned to Kansas under the call of July 2nd, 1862. It was recruited by Cyrus Leland, Sr., who was authorized thereto by General James H. Lane. It was organized on the 10th of September, 1862, and mustered into service on the 20th of September under the following field and staff:

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Colonel
Thomas M. Bowen Sep. 20, '62 Brev't Brig. Gen. Jan. 13, '65; mus. out June 28, '65.
Lieut. Colonel.
John B. Wheeler Sep. 20, '62 Mus. out with reg. June 26, '65.
Major
Caleb A. Woodworth Sep. 20, '62Mus. out June 26, '65, Little Rock, Ark.
Adjutant
William P. Badger Sep. 20, '62 Resigned Oct. 10, '63.
George W. Smith Oct. 13, '63 Mus. out June 26, '65, Little Rock, Ark.
Quartermaster
Cyrus Leland Sep. 20, '62 Mus. out June 26, '65, Little Rock, Ark.
Surgeon
William M. Grimes Sep. 20, 62 Resigned Oct. 20, '64 , Ark.
Amos H. Caffee Feb. 15, '65 Mus. out June 26, '65, Little Rock.
Asst. Surgeon
John Becker Sep. 20, '62 Res. Feb. 27, '64, Arkansas.
Richard W. Shipley Oct. 1, '62 Res. Oct. 6, '63, Dept. Mo.
Chaplain
Daniel A. Murdock Sep. 20, '62 Died of disease, Springfield, Mo., Apr. 28, '63.
Ozem B. Gardner Sep. 1, '63 Killed in action, Nov. 25, '64, Timber Hill, C. N.

In October the regiment was assigned to the Division of General Blunt. Its first service was in Northwestern Arkansas, and the Cherokee Nation. It was in the battle of Old Fort Wayne, and in all the operations in that region under command of General Blunt, being in the battles of Cane Hill, Prairie Grove, and Van Buren. It saw hard service at Prairie Grove, where it occupied a very important position. On the 7th of January, 1863, the regiment was ordered to Springfield, Missouri.

On the 19th of May it marched to Fort Scott, and was stationed at Drywood for two months. A part of the regiment was granted a furlough. In August, 1863, the regiment was again attached to the command of General Blunt, and took part in the campaign in the Indian territory and Northwest Arkansas.

In the winter of 1864-5 it was on duty at Fort Smith. On the 3rd of March it was ordered to Little Rock, where it was mustered out of service on the 26th of June. It was then sent to Fort Leavenworth, where, on the 13th of July, it was finally discharged.

FOURTEENTH KANSAS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY

In the spring of 1863, four companies were recruited for a personal escort of Major-General Blunt. It was soon determined to raise additional troops for service on the frontier and the recruiting of the whole regiment was authorized. During the summer and fall of 1863 the organization of the regiment was partially completed under Major T. J. Anderson with the following field and staff:

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Colonel
Charles W. Blair Nov. 20, '63 Mus. out on det. roll, Leav'th, Aug. 21, '65, to date Aug. 11, '65.
Lieut. Colonel
Charles W. Blair Sep. 26, '63 Pro. Col. Nov. 20, '63.
John G. Brown Mar. 5, '64 Res. Aug. 5, '64, Fort Smith.
J. Finn Hill Nov. 22, '64 Died of pulmonary consumption, St. Louis, May 11, '65.
Albert J. Briggs June 3, '65 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.
Major
Daniel H. David Sep. 26, '63 Dism'd Jan. 7, '64, Ft. Smith.
Charles Willetts Nov. 12, '63 Res. Apr. 29, '65, Pine Bl'f, Ark.
John G. Brown Nov. 20, '63 Pro. Lieut. Col. Mar. 5, '64.
J. Finn Hill Jan. 20, '64 Pro. Lieut. Col. Nov. 22, '64.
William O. Gould Mar. 19, '64 Mus. out on det. roll, Leavenworth, Aug. 22, '65, to date, Aug. 11, '65.
Albert J. Briggs May 4, '65 Pro. Lieut. Col. June 3, '65.
William N. Bixby June 3, '63 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.
Adjutant
William O. Gould Nov. 1, '63 Pro. Major, Mar. 19, '64.
Alexander D. Nieman July 29, '64 Pro. Cap. Co. D, June 4, '65.
George W. Williams June 10, '65 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.
Quartermaster
George W. Huston Oct. 17, '63 Prisoner of war from June 18, '64, to May 27, '65; mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.

Names and rank Date of muster Remarks
Commissary
Josiah G. Haskell Nov. 9, '63 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.
Count S. Steel June 3, '65 Died of pneumonia on board steamer, on the Ark. river, May 4, '65.
Surgeon
Albert W. Chenoweth Jan. 1, '64 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.
Asst. Surgeon
Albert W. Chenoweth Aug. 21, '63 Pro. Surgeon, Jan. 1, '64.
Willis J. Peak Aug. 20, '64 Mus. out with reg. June 25, '65.

The escort of General Blunt was attacked at Baxter Springs, Missouri, on the 6th of October, 1863. The guerrillas were led by Quantrill and the battle was a massacre and is known in history as the Baxter Springs Massacre. The regiment arrived at Fort Smith on the 3rd of December, 1863, where its organization was completed. It remained at Fort Smith until February, 1864, when it was sent on an expedition into the Choctaw country under Major J. G. Brown.

It was ordered to form a junction with Colonel Phillips at North Fork Town, from which place the united force was to march to Boggy Depot, Chickasaw Nation. At North Fork Town orders were received for six companies under Major Brown to return to Fort Smith. This force was sent down the Arkansas river to Ozark, Arkansas.

On the 6th it marched on the Camden expedition and was in the battle of Prairie D'Ane.

A detachment of seventy men of the Fourteenth was under Colonel Phillips when attacked at Poison Spring, Arkansas, by several thousand of the enemy, and escaped only after a heroic resistance.

On January 1st, 1865, the Fourteenth was ordered to Clarksville, Arkansas, to protect the navigation of the Arkansas River and disperse desperate bands of guerrillas in that vicinity. On the 17th, two steamboats, the Chippewa and Annie Jacobs, having a large number of refugees and several companies of soldiers on board, were attacked by a rebel force at Roseville, below Fort Smith. The Chippewa was captured and destroyed. The Annie Jacobs was disabled but succeeded in gaining the north shore. A third boat was attacked but also succeeded in gaining the north shore, where all escaped except seven killed and some wounded. A detachment of the Fourteenth remained with the disabled steamboats until the Annie Jacobs was repaired and made ready for service.

The Fourteenth was transferred to the Second Brigade, Seventh Army Corps, and ordered to report at Pine Bluff, for which point it embarked on the 25th of February, 1865. It arrived at Pine Bluff on the 27th and was in service there until May, when it was ordered to Fort Gibson.

On the 25th of June, 1865, the Fourteenth was ordered to Lawrence, Kansas, to be mustered out. It was finally discharged on the 20th of August, 1865.
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A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans, written and compiled by William E. Connelley, transcribed by Carolyn Ward, 2000.

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