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Kansas State Board of Agriculture
First Biennial Report

PRODUCTS OF KANSAS

SPRING WHEAT.

1878

The increase in acreage of spring wheat this year over last was actually more than the entire acreage last year, the ratio of gain being one hundred and nine per cent., and there were seven acres in 1878 to every one in 1872.

The spring-wheat belt, that is, the seven counties having upwards of 20,000 acres, lies in one compact body in the northwest, five of the counties - Marshall, Washington, Republic, Jewell and Smith - being upon the extreme northern border, and the other two - Cloud and Mitchell - adjoining. The following, showing the spring-wheat acreage in these seven counties in 1877 and 1878, and the increase, and the acreage in 1872, will be found of interest, the counties, the different years, being given as they ranked in acreage:

Acreage 1877. Acreage 1878. Increase 1878
Over 1877
Acreage 1872.
Washington 33,438 Marshall 37,220 Republic 18,843 Marshall 8,990
Marshall 21,224 Republic 36,429 Jewell 18,359 Republic 3,599
Republic 17,586 Jewel 30,313 Mitchell 17,148 Washington 3,393
Jewell 11,954 Cloud 27,104 Could 16,560 Cloud 2,107
Smith 10,994 Washington 26,187 Marshall 15,996 Mitchell 778
Cloud 10,544 Mitchell 25,682 Smith 13,379 Jewell 271
Mitchell 8,534 Smith 24,373 Washington *7,251 Smith 110
 
 
 
 
  114,274   207,308   93,034   19,248

In 1872, the acreage of these seven counties was 30 per cent. of the spring-wheat acreage of the State, in 1878 it was nearly 48 per cent., while the increase in the seven counties was 41 per cent. of the acreage of the State. The second belt embraces counties having over 10,000 and less than 20,000 acres, and almost entirely confined to the west and northwest, Reno being the only county in the southwest. The other nine counties in this belt - Brown, Dickinson, Clay, Ottawa, Phillips, Saline, Osborne, Riley and Pottawatomie - with the single exception of the first named, all lie contiguous to the counties comprising the main spring-wheat belt. The third belt, 5,000 to 10,000 acres, embraces Nemaha, Lincoln, Ellsworth, Morris, Barton and Rice.

SPRING WHEAT TO THE SQUARE MILE.

TABLE showing the Number of Acres of Spring Wheat in each County to the Square Mile for 1878, arranged in seven groups of ten counties each, commencing with the highest.

  ACRES   ACRES   ACRES
Republic 50.59 Marion 5.23 Anderson 0.34
Marshall 41.35 Wabaunsee 4.78 Leavenworth 0.34
Cloud 37.64 McPherson 4.72 Ellis 0.29
Mitchell 35.66 Barton 4.68    
Jewell 33.68 Chase 4.40 Linn 0.29
Washington 29.09 Lyon 3.46 Ford 0.24
Smith 27.08     Greenwood 0.17
Brown 25.20 Harvey 3.43 Franklin 0.13
Dickinson 22.56 Jackson 2.60 Bourbon 0.12
Clay 21.32 Shawnee 2.56 Wyandotte 0.11
    Atchison 2.48 Barbour 0.10
Doniphan 21.15 Pawnee 2.19 Johnson 0.06
Riley 16.63 Norton 1.88 Montgomery 0.06
Ottawa 16.51 Butler 1.81 Neosho 0.06
Saline 15.26 Edwards 1.50    
Morris 13.29 Rooks 1.42 Woodson 0.06
Reno 13.19 Rush 1.36 Cherrokee 0.04
Phillips 12.77     Crawford 0.04
Nemaha 12.10 Russell 0.99 Chantauqua 0.02
Rice 11.96 Osage 0.88 Labette 0.02
Pottawatomie 11.85 Sedgwick 0.79 Elk 0.003
    Douglas 0.62 Sumner 0.003
Osborne 11.78 Jefferson 0.51 Wilson 0.003
Lincoln 8.52 Allen 0.42 Cowley 0.000
Davis 7.85 Coffey 0.40 Miami 0.000
Ellsworth 7.81        

* Decrease.

Transcribed from First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture to the Legislature of the State of Kansas, for the Years 1877-8 embracing statistical exhibits, with diagrams of the agricultural, industrial, mercantile, and other interests of the state, together with a colored outline map of the state, and sectional maps, in colors, of each organized county, showing their relative size and location, railroads, towns, post offices, school houses, water powers, etc., etc. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers and Engravers, Chicago. 1878. Transcribed by Kati Hill, March 2002.


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