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Wilson County Courthouse in Fredonia, Kansas.  Photo by Susan Howell.
 Wilson County Courthouse

Wilson County

Location
 
 
County Seat: Fredonia
Founded: 1855
Population:
    · 10,332 (2000)
    · 10,289 (1990)
    · 15,621 (1900)
Area: 575 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: WL

History

Map of Wilson County, KS in 1899.
Organized in 1855. County Seat, Fredonia. This county originally extended to the south line of the state, and was named in honor of Colonel Hiero T. Wilson who lived in Fort Scott from September 1843. He was the first white person to settle there.
 
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)

 
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Wilson County.
 
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Fredonia, New Albany, Neodesha, Benedict, and Altoona.
 
The Kansas State Historical Society also has more historical data for Wilson County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.

Cities, Towns, & Villages of Wilson County

                 2000
  Year  Elev  Population Name              ZIP
  ====  ====  ========== ================ =====
         828         485 Altoona          66710
         900         103 Benedict         66714
         875             Brooks
         945         284 Buffalo          66717
         868             Buffville
         980             Buxton
         885          71 Coyville         66727
  1868   893       2,600 Fredonia         66736
  1865   895             Guilford
         800             Hilford
         925             Lafontaine       66736
         964             Middletown
  1869   819       2,848 Neodesha         66757
         894          73 New Albany       66759
         983             Rest
         863             Roper
         932             Vilas
Census Bureau Profile & Map

Special Places in Wilson County

  • Altoona's City Hall is in a beautiful old stone & brick bank building.
  • Roper consists of six houses, three seemingly deserted, along the Union Pacific tracks.

Special Events in Wilson County

  • Fredonia celebrates its Homecoming Festival in early October.

Wilson County School Systems

Hospitals

  • Fredonia Regional Hospital   (620) 378-2121
    1527 Madison / P. O. Box 449 / Fredonia, KS 66736
  • Wilson Medical Center   (620) 325-2611
    2600 Ottawa Road / Neodesha, KS 66757

Museums

  • Wilson County Museum   (620) 378-3965
    420 N. Seventh / Fredonia, KS 66736
  • Norman No. 1 Museum   (620) 325-5316
    First & Main / Neodesha, KS 66757
    Includes outdoor replica of the 1st oil well west of the Mississippi

Newspapers

  • Neodesha Derrick   (620) 325-3000
    509 Main St. / Neodesha, KS 66757
  • Wilson County Citizen   (620) 378-4415
    406 N. 7th, PO Box 330 / Fredonia, KS 66736

Libraries

More Data About Wilson County

Economic Development
  • Kansas County Profile Reports
    Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Health Data

Genealogy

Wilson County Offices

For more about Wilson County contact:

 
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Last updated on February 7, 2013 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
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