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Location
 
 
County Seat: Lyndon
Founded: 1859
Population:
    · 16,712 (2000)
    · 15,248 (1990)
    · 23,659 (1900)
Area: 695 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: OS

Osage County

Osage County Courthouse in Lyndon, Kansas.  Photo by Susan Howell.

History

Map of Osage County, KS in 1899
Organized as Weller county in 1855; name changed to Osage in 1859.  Originally named for John B. Weller, of Ohio, member of Congress and Governor of that state; also Governor of California, and Senator, Minister to Mexico, etc.  The name Osage comes from the Osage river, the headwaters of which stream drain almost the entire county.  Lyndon is the county seat.
 
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
 
The Santa Fe Trail ran across northern Osage County, passing through Overbrook, Scranton, and Burlingame. Originally
 
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Osage County.
 
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Quenemo, Overbrook, Scranton, Osage City, Carbondale, Olivet, and Burlingame.
 
The Kansas State Historical Society has historical data for Osage County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
 

Cities, Towns, & Villages of Osage County

                 2000
  Year  Elev  Population Name              ZIP
  ====  ====  ========== ================ =====
  1869  1100             Arvonia
  1872  1183             Barclay
  1854  1055       1,017 Burlingame       66413
  1869  1087       1,478 Carbondale       66414
        1099             Four Corners
  1865  1030       1,038 Lyndon           66451
  1868  1012         429 Melvern          66510
  1871  1070             Michigan Valley
        1073             Mineral Springs
        1150          64 Olivet
  1865  1085       3,034 Osage City       66523
  1886  1220         947 Overbrook        66524
        1069             Peterton
  1870   941         468 Quenemo          66528
        1140             Ridgeton
  1886                   Rosemont
  1872  1123         724 Scranton         66537
        1004             Swissvale
        1103             Vassar
Census Bureau Profile & Map

Special Places in Osage County

Libraries

Museums

Osage County School Systems

Newspapers

More Data About Osage County

Economic Development
  • Kansas County Profile Reports
    Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Health Data

Genealogy

Osage County Offices

 
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Last updated on February 18. 2014 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.