You are here: Blue Skyways > Kansas > Counties > Neosho
County Seat: Erie
Founded: 1864
  · 16,997 (2000)
  · 18,967 (1990)
  · 19,254 (1900)
Area: 576 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: NO  



Neosho County

Neosho County courthouse in Erie, Kansas.  Photo by Susan Howell.
Neosho County Courthouse 


Map of Neosho County, KS in 1899
Organized in 1864.  County seat, Erie.  The county was originally called Dorn (see Labette), and changed in 1861 to Neosho, after the river which traverses the county from northwest to southeast.  The name was given to the river by the Osages.
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)

William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Neosho County.
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Chanute, Earlton, and Thayer.
The Kansas State Historical Society has historical data for Neosho County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.

Cities, Towns, & Villages of Neosho County

  Year  Elev  Population Name              ZIP
  ====  ====  ========== ================ =====
  1873   950       9,411 Chanute          66720
         960          80 Earlton
         925       1,211 Erie             66733
        1000         150 Galesburg        66740
         929             Hayden
        1040             Kimball
         903             Morehead
        1032             Odense
         911             Rollin
  1847   897         646 St. Paul         66771
         920             Shaw
         980             South Mound
        1050         106 Stark            66775
        1033         500 Thayer           66776
         955             Urbana
Census Bureau Profile & Map

Special Places in Neosho County

  • The old Santa Fe Depot in Chanute has been restored and now houses both the city library and the Safari Museum. It has a nice (free) shop and restrooms.
  • Santa Fe locomotive #762 is in the city park in the southern part of Chanute.
  • The Canville Trading post was at the site of the town of Shaw. There is a stone marker on the grounds of the simple white frame church there.



  • The Martin & Osa Johnson Safari Museum   (620) 431-2730
    111 N. Lincoln Ave / Chanute, KS 66720
    Artifacts, photos, and mementos of the famous 1930s world travellers and explorers.
  • Osage Mission - Neosho County Museum   (620) 449-2320
    203 Washington Street / Saint Paul, KS 66771
    The Osage Mission was one of the very early settlements in Kansas (1847) and played a large part in the settlement of Southeast Kansas and other areas in Missouri, Oklahoma, and Wyoming.

Neosho County School Systems

Colleges & Universities



  • Chanute Tribune   (620) 431-4100
    15 N. Evergreen / Mail: Box 559, Chanute, KS 66720
  • The Erie Record   (620) 244-3371
    317 S. Main, Erie, KS 66733

More Data About Neosho County

Economic Development
  • University of Kansas' County Profile Reports
    Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Health Data



  • WPA. The WPA Guide to 1930s Kansas (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, reprint 1984) See tour 12, pages 489-490

Neosho County Offices

For more about Neosho County contact:

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Last updated on November 29, 2009 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.