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Logan County Courthouse in Oakley, KS.
 Photo by Susan Howell.

Logan County





County Seat: Oakley
Founded: 1888
      · 3,046 (2000)
      · 3,081 (1990)
      · 1,962 (1900)
Area: 1073 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: LG


Logan county is located in western Kansas just south of Interstate 70 and one county east of the Colorado line. The valley of the Smoky Hill River cuts a beautiful, broad swath through the county.


Map of Logan County, KS in 1899
Organized September 17, 1887.  County seat, Russell Springs.  By an act of the Legistlature in 1887, the name of the then unorganized county of St. John was changed to Logan, in honor of the late General John A. Logan.
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
Until 1963 Russell Springs was the county seat for Logan County. There was much feuding over which town should serve as county seat. Oakley won the honor in 1963. In 1965 the old county courthouse in Russell Springs became the Butterfield Trail Historical Museum.
Russell Springs, founded in 1865, was the Eaton stop on the Butterfield Overland Dispatch stage line. The line ran through rough Indian country to connect the gold mines in Denver, Colorado, with Fort Riley, Kansas. It ran until the Kansas Pacific Railroad was built. Travelers on the Butterfield Trail always made the natural springs in the area a watering place, calling them "Russell's springs."
The Kansas State Historical Society has more historical data for Logan County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.

Cities, Towns, & Villages of Logan County

    Town                Population  ZIP         Year  Elevation
    =================   ==========  =========   ====  =========
    Elkader                                             2640
    McAllaster                                          3158
    Monument                        67747               3173
    Oakley                   2,173  67748       1884    3050
    Page City                                           3232
    Russell Springs             32  67755       1865    2964
    Winona                     228  67764               3329
Census Bureau Profile & Map

Special Places in Logan County

  • Russell Springs has a beautiful site on the ridge that forms the north side of the valley of the Smoky Hill River. You can see the impressive old courthouse, which is now the Butterfield Trail Museum, for many miles to the south.
  • The Fick Fossil & History Museum in Oakley is a compact, well arranged and very interesting museum that is well worth stopping to see.
  • The Keystone Gallery is located on US 83 at Dakota Road - 18 miles north of Scott City or 26 miles south of Oakley. This fossil museum / art gallery / souvenir shop is in a 1916 limestone Church overlooking the Smoky Hill River Valley. The site is surrounded by a 400 head buffalo herd and has a great view of Monument Rocks 8 miles to the east in Gove county.
  • Monument has a nice brick school building on School Street in the south part of town.
  • McAllaster is down to a grain elevator and a house.
  • Winona has a roadside city park with restrooms beside US40.

Special Events in Logan County

  • Oakley hosts the annual Kansas State Cornhusking Contest in late October.
  • Russell Springs has an Old Settlers' Day on the Sunday in Labor Day weekend. There's a parade, pot luck dinner, cow chip throwing contest, and craft fair.
  • Russell Springs also hosts the annual Butterfield Trail Ride the first weekend in June. It's a 2 day trail ride, dance, Sunday morning church service, and rodeo.

Logan County School Systems

  • USD 274 Oakley (785) 671-4826 Oakley
  • USD 275 Triplains (785) 846-7869 Winona



Museums and Galleries

  • Butterfield Trail Museum (785) 751-4242
    P.O. Box 383, Russell Springs, KS 67755
    Open first Tuesday of May through Labor Day
    9:00-noon and 1:00 - 5:00 Tuesday / Saturday
    1:00 - 5:00 Sunday; Closed Monday.
    Housed in a beautiful old courthouse with an incredible view of the Smoky Hill River valley.
  • Fick Fossil & History Museum (785) 671-4839
    700 West Third / Oakley, KS
    9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
    From Memorial Day until Labor Date extended hours are:
    Sunday 2:00 - 4:00 p.m.
    Fossils, wood carvings, branding irons, wildflowers
  • Keystone Gallery (620) 872-2762
    401 U.S. 83 (between Scott City and Oakley), Scott City, KS 67871
    Keystone Gallery's Buffalo Sculpture Fossil Fish at Keystone Gallery

    Open: Seasonal.
    " Warm weather - Most of the time; Cold Weather - varies."
    Their buffalo sculpture is a good place to take tourist pictures; their fossil fish is intriguing.
    Have free maps to Monument Rocks eight miles east in Gove county.


  • Oakley Graphic (785) 672-3228
    118 Center Ave. / Oakley, KS 67448

More Data About Logan County

Economic Development
  • Kansas County Profile Reports
    Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Health Data


Logan County Offices

Logan County (785) 671-4244
710 W. 2nd. St / Oakley, KS 67748
Extension Service (785) 671-3245
710 W 2nd / Oakley, KS 67748

For more about Logan County contact:

  • The Logan County Development Corporation,   (785) 672-4550   FAX: (785) 672-3838
    212 Center Ave., Oakley, KS 67748
  • Oakley Area Chamber of Commerce   (785) 672-4862
    216 Center / Oakley, KS 67748
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Last updated on November 29, 2009 by COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
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