Ellsworth County Courthouse
County Seat: Ellsworth
· 6,525 (2000)
· 6,586 (1990)
· 9,626 (1900)
Area: 717 Square Miles
Standard Abbreviation: EW
|Organized in 1867. County seat
Named after Fort Ellsworth, a military post built
on the bank of the Smoky Hill, in 1864. This fort
was so called by General Curtis, in honor of the
officer who constructed it, Allen Ellsworth, Second
Lieutenant of Company H, Seventh Iowa Cavalry. When
the name was adopted for the county it was supposed
that the fort had been named in honor of Colonel E.
E. Ellsworth of national fame.|
Map and text from History of Kansas,
Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
Fort Harker near Kanopolis was a frontier Army post originally founded
in 1864 as Fort Ellsworth. It was renamed Fort Harker in 1866 and was
abandoned in 1872.
The fort, the town, and the county were named for Lt Allen Ellsworth,
Co. H, 7th Iowa Cavalry.
William G. Cutler's History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Ellsworth County.
The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of
The Kansas State Historical Society also has
historical data for Ellsworth County online including a rich bibliography and lists of
cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
Cities, Towns, & Villages of Ellsworth County
Town Population ZIP Year Elevation
================= ========== ========= ==== =========
Black Wolf 1568
Ellsworth 2,965 67439 1867 1550
Holyrood 464 67450 1874 1805
Kanopolis 543 67454 1885 1574
Lorraine 136 67459 1888 1781
Terra Cotta 1520
Wilson 799 67490 1873 1689
Yankee Run 1270
U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts about Ellsworth County
Special Places in Ellsworth County
- The Kansas Originals Market, packed with Kansas products, has
a tourist information center. It's on I-70 near Wilson,
and its a great place to stop for a break.
- Drovers Mercantile in downtown Ellsworth is a fascinating
store full of cowboy gear.
- Fort Harker at Kanopolis was a frontier supply post for
the Army. It's now a museum.
- Mushroom Rock State Park near Kanopolis features large
sandstone boulders balanced on pedestals of softer rock.
Special Web Sites about Ellsworth County
Ellsworth County School Systems
More Data About Ellsworth County
- Kansas County Profile Reports
Statistical data from The Institute for Policy and Social Research, the University of Kansas
Ellsworth County Offices
For more about Ellsworth County contact:
Last updated on
November 29, 2009
A service of the Kansas State Library
Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.