KLTA Web Tutorial : Internet Basics, terminology

Internet Basics

Here we will introduce you to a few of the most common terms you will come across in your Internet wanderings.

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A global network of computers, the Internet, allows individuals to communicate with each other through the media of web pages, e-mail and many other forms of communication. The part you see on your screen, often referred to as the World Wide Web (or WWW), provides for quick and easy exchange of information to and from people around the world.

Internet Browser, Web Browser

An Internet browser is a piece of software on your computer that enables you to navigate the Internet by retrieving web pages and displaying them on your screen, much as you are viewing this page now. The act of using a Web Browser is often called "surfing the web."

Internet Explorer (IE) and Mozilla Firefox are two commonly used web browsers for viewing web pages. Internet Explorer and Firefox share many of the same functions, and it is possible to use both nearly interchangeably. There are other browsers available as well, with varying levels of functionality and ease of use. Our tutorial is based on Internet Explorer, but if you already have a favorite browser, go ahead and use what you are familiar with. Most browsers function in a similar manner and the lessons we provide here should work for whichever browswer you choose.

Web Address or URL

A web address or URL (stands for Uniform Resource Locator), is the unique address that locates each resource (web site or page) on the Internet. The most common URL type is "http," which identifies the resource as a world wide web page.

Web Site

A web site is a collection of individual pages (not unlike a book) on the World Wide Web that are accessed by their own unique Internet address. Each web site usually contains a home page, and may also contain additional pages, just like the KLTA web site.

Web Page

Comparable to a page in a book, the basic unit of every web site or document on the web is a page. A web page can be an article, an ordering page, or a single paragraph, and is usually a combination of text and graphics.

Home Page

The term home page has a couple of meanings. It is the web page that your browser uses when it starts, and also the web page that appears every time you open your browser. Clicking the home icon (it looks like this: home button) in your browser will take you to the specific page you have set (or the browser manufacturer has set) as your browser's home page.

Home page also refers to the main web page out of a collection of web pages. On each site, often you will see home page, or "home" as a choice on a Menu Bar. Clicking on the word home on a web page will take you to the main page of that particular web site.

Click "here" to return to the home page for this tutorial or click "here" to visit the home page for the Kansas Library Trustee Association (KLTA). Use the back arrow at the top of your browser window to return to the web tutorial and this page.

For a more complete glossary of Internet and web terminology, please see the following web site: http://teacher.scholastic.com/professional/teachtech/internetglossary.htm

Ok, now that we've got the basics of what the web is, let's take a closer look at our web browser.

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Page last modified: January 10, 2008

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